Mammalia | Carnivora
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Bathydemersal. Subtropical; 21°S - 38°S, 90°W - 75°W
Southeast Pacific: Chile and Peru. Tropical and subtropical climates.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 210 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 1394); 150 cm TL (female); max. published weight: 159.0 kg (Ref. 1394); max. published weight: 159.0 kg
Inhabits rocky, volcanic shorelines with boulders, grottos, overhangs, and caves. Feeds on squid and various fishes and lobsters. Found in rocky, volcanic shorelines with boulders, grottos, overhangs, and caves. Feeds on squid and various fishes and lobsters. Territorial males. Females enter the water en masse for short durations during rapid increase of solar radiation i.e., midday until early afternoon for thermoregulation (Ref. 80459).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Females relatively sedentary during parturition and estrus (Ref. 80460). Females may have multiple copulation either with the same or different male individuals. Most choose birth sites near where copulation took place.
Jefferson, T.A., S. Leatherwood and M.A. Webber. 1993. (Ref. 1394)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
FAO - Fisheries: species profile | FishSource | Sea Around Us
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 1.7 - 1.9, mean 1.8 (based on 171 cells).
Very high vulnerability (90 of 100)