Cephalopoda | Teuthida
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Bathypelagic; depth range 200 - 1000 m (Ref. 101089). Deep-water; 70°N -
Cosmopolitan. Tropical to polar.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 100.0  range ? - ? cm Max length : 1,737 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 99323); max. published weight: 220.0 kg (Ref. 101089)
Shallow depth range of 200 m from Ref. 843. Also found in continental shelf (Ref. 110525). During copulation, male injects its sperm directly into the arms of females (Ref. 101081). Females spawn only once and die after (Ref. 101089).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
During copulation, male injects its sperm directly into the arms of females (Ref. 101081). Females spawn only once and die after (Ref. 101089).
Turgeon, D.D., J.F. Quinn Jr., A.E. Bogan, E.V. Coan, F.G. Hochberg, W.G. Lyons, P.M. Mikkelsen, R.J. Neves, C.F.E. Roper, G. Rosenberg, B. Roth, A. Scheltema, F.G. Thompson, M. Vecchione and J.D. Willams. 1998. (Ref. 1667)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 1.4 - 14.1, mean 5.8 (based on 419 cells).
Very high vulnerability (90 of 100)