Bivalvia | Arcida
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Benthic; depth range 0 - 200 m (Ref. 2754). Subtropical; 46°N - 17°S, 17°W - 36°E
Eastern Atlantic and Mediterranean Sea.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 2 - ? cmCommon length : 10.0 cm SHL male/unsexed; (Ref. 437); max. reported age: 16 years (Ref. 7879)
Minimum depth based on ecology. Abundant in coastal waters (Ref. 73156). Occurs from the low intertidal to a depth of 119 m (Ref. 122977). Also found in a coastal lagoon (Ref. 122976). Firmly attached by a strong byssus to rocks, shells and rhizomes of the seagrass Posidonia oceanica (Ref. 122975). Occurs either as solitary individuals. Attaches to rocks covered with photophilic algae and nestles in rock crevices and holes in loose stones; also occurs on various kinds of semi-mobile gravels (Ref. 122977). Associated with coralligenous assemblages, i.e. temperate reefs of the Mediterranean (Ref. 122117).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Life cycle: Embryos develop into free-swimming trocophore larvae, succeeded by the bivalve veliger, resembling a miniature clam (Ref. 833).
Fischer, W., G. Bianchi and W.B. Scott (eds.). 1981. (Ref. 437)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 127697)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 11.9 - 17.5, mean 15 (based on 28 cells).