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Aptenodytes patagonicus   Miller, 1778

king penguin
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Aves | Ciconiiformes | Spheniscidae

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Others.  Polar

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Indo-Pacific, Southern Atlantic and the Antarctic.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 95.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 8812); max. published weight: 12.7 kg (Ref. 356)

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Total population of the species is over 1 million pairs (Ref. 84934). This is a gregarious species, the breeds twice every three years in large colonies (Ref. 91362), mainly in oceanic island groups (Ref. 84934). It is known to be pelagic during the breeding season (Ref. 91362). Pursuit diving (Ref. 356).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Harrison, P. 1987. (Ref. 91362)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)

  Least Concern (LC) ; Date assessed: 07 August 2018

CITES status (Ref. 108899)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

Human uses


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More information

Common names
Synonyms
Predators
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Morphology
Larvae
Abundance
References
Mass conversion

Internet sources

BHL | BOLD Systems | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(Publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | PubMed | Tree of Life | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Vulnerability (Ref. 71543)
High vulnerability (58 of 100)
Price category (Ref. 80766)
Unknown