Demospongiae | Verongida
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Reef-associated; brackish; depth range 5 - 50 m (Ref. 415). Tropical
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 100.0 cm H male/unsexed; (Ref. 415)
Hollow cylinders: up to 100 cm high. Surface with deep grooves: 0.5 - 1 cm deep; and finely conulose; 0.05 - cm high and 50 - 100 cm apart. Yellow, green, ochre, or reddish-brown, externally, tan-yellowish internally. Oscules with membrane on top pf the tube; 2 - 8 cm diameter. Compressible but tough (Ref. 415).
Maximum depth from Ref. 108813. Deeper parts of reefs; greater than 5 m deep (Ref. 415). Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge.
Collin, R., M.C. Díaz, J. Norenburg, R.M. Rocha, J.A. Sánchez, M. Schulze, A. Schwartz and A. Valdés. 2005. (Ref. 415)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 25.2 - 28, mean 26.9 (based on 104 cells).
High vulnerability (60 of 100)