Thecostraca | Balanomorpha
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Sessile; brackish; depth range 0 - 4177 m (Ref. 107353). Tropical
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 3.0 cm WD male/unsexed; (Ref. 7493)
Intertidal (Ref. 81522); Littoral to sublittoral fringe areas; known as a fouling species (Ref. 81749) - on piers, pontoons, and boat hulls (Ref. 102838). Also found in sheltered rocky shores (Ref. 125338).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the superorder Thoracica are mostly hermaphroditic. Broadcast spawners, fertilization occurs in the mantle cavity. Life cycle: Eggs hatch into planktonic nauplii and leave the mantle cavity. Afterwards, they undergo six naupliar instars succeded by nonfeeding cypris larva (settling stage) which later metamorphose into adults.
Paulay, G. and A. Ross. 2003. (Ref. 7493)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 2.8 - 13.7, mean 4.5 (based on 1972 cells).
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)