Gymnolaemata | Ctenostomata
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Sessile; depth range 1 - 145 m (Ref. 86508). Tropical
Native in Caribbean and Atlantic Ocean, introduced in Indo-West Pacific.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 20.0 cm WD male/unsexed; (Ref. 3248)
Fragile; colonies erect with many free branches. Dichotomously branching in series of two with thin stolon. Usually grows to a height of 4 to 5 cm. Transparent colonies in pale yellow to brown.
Depth range reported from Colombia (Ref. 86508). Epibenthic, encrusting (Ref. 116066). In cool temperate to tropical waters (Ref. 874). Grows on varied surfaces: other bryozoans, algae, seagrasses, oyster valves, sandstone boulders, dock, pilings, breakwaters and man-made debris (Ref. 83404). Members of the phylum Bryozoa are hermaphroditic. Both fertilization and egg brooding may either be internal or external (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the phylum Bryozoa are hermaphroditic. Both fertilization and egg brooding may either be internal or external.
Soule, J.D. 1963. (Ref. 874)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 21.8 - 28.7, mean 26.9 (based on 1800 cells).
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)