Cephalopoda | Myopsida
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Demersal; brackish; depth range 0 - 674 m (Ref. 104052), usually 20 - 200 m (Ref. 104052). Subtropical; 60°N - 21°N, 17°W - 36°E
Eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean Sea.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 8.8 cm ML male/unsexed; (Ref. 104052); 13.2 cm ML (female)
Maximum depth range from Ref. 114857. Also found in brackish water. Demersal (Ref. 122892). Commonly found on the continental shelf and the upper slope (Ref. 104424), where it is the abundant in the former. Most common in water >150 m deep over sandy and muddy grounds. Undertakes seasonal migrations between offshore (in winter) and inshore (in spring) areas (Ref. 122892). Typically associated with the deep-sea gorgonacean coral Isidella elongata (Ref. 122886).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Cephalopoda are gonochoric. Male and female adults usually die shortly after spawning and brooding, respectively. Mating behavior: Males perform various displays to attract potential females for copulation. During copulation, male grasp the female and inserts the hectocotylus into the female's mantle cavity where fertilization usually occurs. Life cycle: Embryos hatch into planktonic stage and live for some time before they grow larger and take up a benthic existence as adults.
Templado, J. and R. Villanueva. 2010. (Ref. 85339)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models