Demospongiae | Agelasida
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Sessile; depth range 10 - 35 m (Ref. 415). Tropical
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 30.0 cm WD male/unsexed; (Ref. 415)
Massive, roundish, occasionally lobate up to 30 cm wide. Two distinct color: bright orange, and reddish to walnut-brown externally, lighter orange or tan internally. The surface is smooth. There are 3 intergrading kinds of oscules: 1. meandering invaginations; 0.1 - 0.3 cm wide; up to 5 cm long; 2. circular oscule, 0.2 - 0.7 cm in diameter; 3. smaller, circular to elongate, 0.1 - 0.2 cm wide, flush (Ref. 415).
Maximum depth from Ref. 108813. Coral reefs, usually below 10 m in depth (Ref. 415). It hosts alpheid shrimps in its canals (Ref. 86672). Commensal with amphipods (Ref. 82302). Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge.
Collin, R., M.C. Díaz, J. Norenburg, R.M. Rocha, J.A. Sánchez, M. Schulze, A. Schwartz and A. Valdés. 2005. (Ref. 415)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 25.4 - 28.2, mean 27.2 (based on 58 cells).
Low vulnerability (20 of 100)