Demospongiae | Agelasida
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Reef-associated; depth range 2 - 15 m (Ref. 108813). Tropical
Western Atlantic and Western Central Pacific.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 10.0 cm OT male/unsexed; (Ref. 415)
Massive; flabellate; rising from a narrow base: 1.5 - 10 cm thick. Bright red-orange externally, lighter internally. The margin is rounded, or indented. Compressible, resilient. The surface is rough to be touch to verrucose, with abundant membrane-bearing oscula: 0.2 - 0.5 cm in diameter (Ref. 415). Color range from orange to brown (Ref. 81728).
Maximum thickness: 10 cm (Ref. 415). Found in coral reefs, usually below 10 m in depth (Ref. 415), and on rocky bottoms (Ref. 83912). It hosts alpheid shrimps, i.e., Synalpheus spp. in its canals (Ref. 86672). Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge.
Collin, R., M.C. Díaz, J. Norenburg, R.M. Rocha, J.A. Sánchez, M. Schulze, A. Schwartz and A. Valdés. 2005. (Ref. 415)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 26 - 28.3, mean 27.2 (based on 435 cells).
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)