Gastropoda | Cephalaspidea
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Benthic; depth range 0 - 49 m (Ref. 109264). Tropical
Western Atlantic: Nova Scotia to Campeche Bank.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Known to thrive in gulfs and estuaries particularly in infralittoral and circalittoral areas. They are planktonic species that feed on minute detrital food items through either suspension or deposit feeding (Ref. 87872).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
This species have separate sexes, but are seldom conspicuously different externally, simultaneous hermaphrodites yet self-fertilization is prevented due to various morphological, physiological, or behavioral mechanisms; generally, marine gastropods shed their eggs (Ref. 87872). It displays poecilogonony as its reproductive strategy (Ref. 99837).
Turgeon, D.D., J.F. Quinn Jr., A.E. Bogan, E.V. Coan, F.G. Hochberg, W.G. Lyons, P.M. Mikkelsen, R.J. Neves, C.F.E. Roper, G. Rosenberg, B. Roth, A. Scheltema, F.G. Thompson, M. Vecchione and J.D. Willams. 1998. (Ref. 1667)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models