Holothuroidea | Molpadida
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Benthic; depth range 0 - 122 m (Ref. 81020). Subtropical
Eastern Indian Ocean and Northwest Pacific: Iran, Australia and China.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Holothuroidea are gonochoric and have only one gonad. Spawning and fertilization are both external and some exhibit brooding. Life cycle: Embryos develop into planktotrophic larvae (auricularia) then into doliolaria (barrel-shaped stage) which later metamorphose into juvenile sea cucumbers.
UNEP-WCMC. 2003. (Ref. 97)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates based on models
): 16.9 - 28.1, mean 24.7 (based on 680 cells).