Bivalvia | Cardiida
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Benthic; depth range 0 - 619 m (Ref. 105829). Subtropical; 83°N - 27°N, 127°W - 36°E
Arctic, Eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean Sea: from Canadian Arctic to Iceland, Norway, Sweden, south to Morocco, Madeira Island and Canary Islands, and the Mediterranean. Polar to subtropical.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Exists at the front (Ref. 122115). Inhabits fine sand (Ref. 106083). Common in sandy-muddy deposits (Ref. 105826). Found in an estuary (Ref. 105814) and associated with coralligenous formations (Ref. 122117). Abundant in detritic bottoms (Ref. 122133). This is a sessile-burrower suspension feeder (Ref. 96498). Feeds on phytoplankton and suspended organic material (Ref. 106986).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Bivalvia are mostly gonochoric, some are protandric hermaphrodites. Life cycle: Embryos develop into free-swimming trocophore larvae, succeeded by the bivalve veliger, resembling a miniature clam.
FAO. 2007. (Ref. 78075)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 127697)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 6.8 - 14.2, mean 9.7 (based on 503 cells).