Reptilia | Squamata
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Demersal; depth range 0 - 20 m (Ref. 78651). Tropical; 26°N - 26°S (Ref. 2357)
Northeast Atlantic to Western Pacific. Tropical to subtropical.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 71.6, range 70 - 110.8 cm Max length : 130 cm SVL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2352); common length : 110 cm SVL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2352)
The head and neck are moderately thin. Cream, grey or pale brown cross-bands with paler interspaces are wider dorsally and taper on the sides. Incomplete secondary dark bands between the primary ones may be present, with dark-centered scales on the paler parts of the body. Head is pale, bandings on the tail. More obscure than those on the body and in older adults. Head shields are irregular and fragmented in adults. Those around the eye are raised posteriorly to form spines. Prefrontal scales absent.
Relatively found in tropical continental shelf waters (Ref. 78651), not often close to shore (Ref. 78391). Often seen on the surface in reef waters (Ref. 2357) and open waterways (Ref.75894). Inhabits loose sandy-silty bottoms, seagrass beds, solid substrates and in a lagoon (Ref. 2352). Sometimes nocturnal (Ref. 2352). Feeds on a variety of fishes (Ref. 2357) like gobies (Ref. 98471). Also feeds on commensal shrimps of the genus Alpheus sp. (Ref. 2352).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Greer, A.E. 2006. (Ref. 77091)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 25.4 - 29.3, mean 28.6 (based on 2246 cells).
Moderate vulnerability (36 of 100)