Hydrozoa | Leptothecata
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Sessile; depth range 5 - 2440 m (Ref. 120471). Subtropical
Arctic, Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. Mostly polar, but also in subtropical, temperate and boreal climates.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Colonial (Refs. 19, 87872). This is an attached species (Ref. 3123). Found at depths of 5 to 2440 m (Ref. 120471). The feeding type of this species is suspension feeding (Ref. 87872). Species exhibits both asexual and sexual reproduction by budding during hydroid stage and release of gametes in medusae stages (Ref. 1663, p. 24).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Species exhibits both asexual and sexual reproduction by budding during hydroid stage and release of gametes in medusae stages (Ref. 1663, p. 24).
Cairns, S.D., D.R. Calder, A. Brinckmann-Voss, C.B. Castro, D.G. Fautin, P.R. Pugh, C.E. Mills, W.C. Jaap, M.N. Arai, S.H.D. Haddock and D.M. Opresko. 2003. (Ref. 1663)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 1 - 11.1, mean 5.8 (based on 1656 cells).