Species under Octopus
n= 104
Species name Common name Distribution Max. Length (cm)
Octopus alatus
(Sasaki, 1920)
Northwest Pacific
Octopus alecto
Berry, 1953
Snakearm octopus Eastern Central Pacific 6.5
Octopus araneoides
(Taki, 1964)
Northwest Pacific
Octopus arborescens
(Hoyle, 1904)
Eastern Indian Ocean
Octopus areolatus
De Haan, 1839
Northwest Pacific
Octopus australis
Hoyle, 1885
Hammer octopus Western Pacific
Octopus balboai
Voss, 1971
Eastern Central Pacific 3.4
Octopus berrima
Stranks & Norman, 1993
Southern keeled octopus Southwest Pacific
Octopus bimaculatus
Verrill, 1883
California two-spot octopus Pacific Ocean 122
Octopus bimaculoides
Pickford & McConnaughey, 1949
Lesser twospotted octopus Eastern Pacific 12
Octopus bocki
Adam, 1941
Bock's pygmy octopus Central Pacific 2.5
Octopus briareus
Robson, 1929
Caribbean reef octopus Western Atlantic 100
Octopus brocki
Ortmann, 1888
Northwest Pacific
Octopus bulbus
Norman, 2001
Western Central Pacific
Octopus bunurong
Stranks, 1990
Southern white-spot octopus Southwest Pacific
Octopus burryi
Voss, 1950
Brownstriped octopus Atlantic Ocean 7
Octopus californicus
(Berry, 1911)
North Pacific bigeye octopus Eastern Pacific 14
Octopus campbelli
(Smith, 1902)
Southwest Pacific
Octopus carolinensis
Verrill, 1884
Carolinian octopus Western Atlantic 20
Octopus chierchiae
Jatta, 1889
Eastern Pacific 2.5
Octopus conispadiceus
(Sasaki, 1917)
Chestnut octopus Northwest Atlantic 150
Octopus cyanea
Gray, 1849
Big blue octopus Indo-Pacific 22
Octopus dierythraeus
Norman, 1993
Red-spot octopus Western Central Pacific
Octopus diminutus
Kaneko & Kubodera, 2008
Northwest Pacific
Octopus dollfusi
Robson, 1928
Marbled octopus Western Pacific 9
Octopus favonius
Gray, 1849
Western Central Pacific
Octopus filamentosus
Blainville, 1826
Western Indian Ocean
Octopus filosus
Howell, 1867
Bumblebee octopus Western Atlantic and Caribbean Sea 7.2
Octopus fitchi
Berry, 1953
Lilliput octopus Eastern Pacific 4.5
Octopus fujitai
(Sasaki, 1929)
Northwest Pacific
Octopus fusiformis
Brock, 1887
Northwest Pacific
Octopus gardineri
(Hoyle, 1905)
Western Indian Ocean
Octopus gibbsi
O'Shea, 1999
Southwest Pacific
Octopus globosus
Appellöf, 1886
Globe octopus Indo-West Pacific 25
Octopus gorgonus
Huffard, 2007
Western Central Pacific
Octopus guangdongenis
Dong, 1976
Western Pacific
Octopus hardwickei
Gray, 1849
Indian Ocean
Octopus harpedon
Norman, 2001
Western Central Pacific
Octopus hattai
(Sasaki, 1929)
Northwest Pacific
Octopus hawaiiensis
Eydoux & Souleyet, 1852
Hawaiian octopus Eastern Central Pacific
Octopus hongkongensis
Hoyle, 1885
Northwest Pacific
Octopus hubbsorum
Berry, 1953
Hubb's octopus Eastern Central Pacific 22
Octopus humilis
Huffard, 2007
Western Central Pacific
Octopus huttoni
Benham, 1943
Southwest Pacific 5.7
Octopus hyadesi
Rochebrune & Mabille, 1889
Western Atlantic 2.7
Octopus incella
Kaneko & Kubodera, 2007
Large-eared pika Northwest Pacific 3.1
Octopus insularis
Leite & Haimovici, 2008
Brazil reef octopus Southwest Atlantic 12
Octopus joubini
Robson, 1929
Atlantic pygmy octopus Western Atlantic and Caribbean Sea 15
Octopus kaharoa
O'Shea, 1999
Southwest Pacific
Octopus kaurna
Stranks, 1990
Southern sand octopus Southwest Pacific
Octopus laqueus
Kaneko & Kubodera, 2005
Northwest Pacific
Octopus lobensis
Castellanos & Menni, 1969
Lobed octopus Southwest Atlantic 10
Octopus longispadiceus
(Sasaki, 1917)
Northwest Pacific
Octopus maorum
Hutton, 1880
Maori octopus Southwest Pacific
Octopus mariles
Huffard, 2007
Western Central Pacific
Octopus maya
Voss & Solis Ramirez, 1966
Mexican four-eyed octopus Western Central Atlantic 130
Octopus mercatoris
Adam, 1937
Western Central Atlantic 2
Octopus mernoo
O'Shea, 1999
Southwest Pacific
Octopus microphthalmus
Goodrich, 1896
Indo-West Pacific
Octopus micropyrsus
Berry, 1953
California lilliput octopus Eastern Central Pacific
Octopus mimus
Gould, 1852
Changos octopus Southeast Pacific
Octopus minor
(Sasaki, 1920)
Long arm octopus Northwest Pacific 70
Octopus mutilans
Taki, 1942
Northwest Pacific
Octopus nanhaiensis
Dong, 1976
Western Pacific
Octopus nanus
Adam, 1973
Western Indian Ocean
Octopus niveus
Lesson, 1830
Central Pacific
Octopus occidentalis
Steenstrup, 1886
Southeast Atlantic
Octopus ochotensis
(Sasaki, 1920)
Northwest Pacific
Octopus oculifer
(Hoyle, 1904)
Galapagos octopus Southeast Pacific 42
Octopus oliveri
(Berry, 1914)
Western Pacific 7
Octopus oshimai
(Sasaki, 1929)
Northwest Pacific
Octopus pallidus
Hoyle, 1885
Pale octopus Southwest Pacific 54
Octopus parvus
(Sasaki, 1917)
Japanese pygmy octopus Northwest Pacific
Octopus penicillifer
Berry, 1954
Eastern Central Pacific 4
Octopus pentherinus
Rochebrune & Mabille, 1889
Southwest Atlantic 3.7
Octopus prashadi
Adam, 1939
Eastern Indian Ocean
Octopus pricei
(Berry, 1913)
Eastern Central Pacific
Octopus pumilus
Norman & Sweeney, 1997
Western Central Pacific
Octopus pyrum
Norman et al., 1997
Western Central Pacific
Octopus roosevelti
Stuart, 1941
Eastern Central Pacific
Octopus rubescens
Berry, 1953
East Pacific red octopus Eastern Pacific 45
Octopus salutii
Verany, 1839
Spider octopus Mediterranean Sea and Northeast Atlantic 16.5
Octopus sanctaehelenae
Robson, 1929
Southeast Atlantic
Octopus sasakii
Taki, 1942
Northwest Pacific
Octopus selene
Voss, 1971
Moon octopus Eastern Pacific 6
Octopus spinosus
(Sasaki, 1920)
Northwest Pacific
Octopus striolatus
Dong, 1976
Western Pacific
Octopus superciliosus
Quoy & Gaimard, 1832
Frilled pygmy octopus Eastern Indian Ocean
Octopus taprobanensis
Robson, 1926
Eastern Indian Ocean
Octopus tehuelchus
D'Orbigny, 1834
Tehuelche octopus Southwest Atlantic 30
Octopus tenuipulvinus
(Sasaki, 1920)
Northwest Pacific
Octopus tetricus
Gould, 1852
Gloomy octopus Indo-West Pacific 80
Octopus tsugarensis
(Sasaki, 1920)
Northwest Pacific
Octopus validus
(Sasaki, 1920)
Northwest Pacific
Octopus variabilis
(Sasaki, 1929)
Whiparm octopus Northwest Pacific 70
Octopus veligero
Berry, 1953
Veiled octopus Eastern Pacific
Octopus verrucosus
Hoyle, 1885
Southeast Atlantic 8
Octopus vitiensis
Hoyle, 1885
Bighead octopus Western Central Pacific
Octopus vulgaris
Cuvier, 1797
Common octopus Circumglobal in temperate and tropical seas 130
Octopus warringa
Stranks, 1990
Club pygmy octopus Southwest Pacific
Octopus winckworthi
Robson, 1926
Winckworth’s octopus Eastern Indian Ocean
Octopus wolfi
(Wülker, 1913)
Star-sucker pygmy octopus Indo-Pacific 4.5
Octopus yendoi
(Sasaki, 1920)
Korea
Octopus zonatus
Voss, 1968
Atlantic banded squid Western Central Atlantic 3
Back to Search
Back to Top
php script by , 07/04/2009 ,  last modified by , 6:00 PM, 07/04/2009