Species under Mactra
n= 37
Species name Common name Distribution Max. Length (cm)
Mactra achatina
Holten, 1802
agate troughshell Indo-West Pacific 7.5
Mactra aphrodina
Deshayes, 1854
Western Pacific
Mactra chemnitzii
Gray, 1837
Western Pacific
Mactra chinensis
Philippi, 1846
sunray surf clam Northwest Pacific
Mactra crossii
(Dunker, 1882)
Northwest Pacific
Mactra cuneata
Gmelin, 1791
wedge trough shell Indo-West Pacific 4
Mactra fragilis
Gmelin, 1791
fragile mactra clam Western Atlantic
Mactra gigas
Usticke, 1969
Western Atlantic 10.9
Mactra glabrata
Linnaeus, 1767
smooth mactra Eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean
Mactra glauca
Born, 1778
grey rough shell Northeast Atlantic and the Mediterranean 10.99
Mactra guidoi
Signorelli & F. Scarabino, 2010
Southwest Atlantic
Mactra inaequalis
Deshayes, 1854
Western Pacific
Mactra incarnata
Reeve, 1854
Eastern Indian Ocean
Mactra inceri
Petuch, 1998
Western Atlantic 3.6
Mactra iridescens
Kuroda & Habe, 1958
Northwest Pacific
Mactra isabelleana
d'Orbigny, 1846
Western Atlantic 6.1
Mactra janeiroensis
Smith, 1915
Western Atlantic 3.1
Mactra largillierti
Philippi, 1849
Largilliert's mactra Eastern Atlantic
Mactra lilacea
Lamarck, 1818
Western Indian Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea
Mactra luzonica
Reeve, 1854
Luzon troughshell Indo-West Pacific 5
Mactra maculata
Gmelin, 1791
maculated troughshell Indo-West Pacific 7.5
Mactra marplatensis
Doello-Jurado, 1949
Western Atlantic 3
Mactra mera
Reeve, 1854
plain troughshell Western Pacific 9
Mactra miskito
(Petuch, 1998)
Western Central Atlantic 3
Mactra mitis
Reeve, 1854
Eastern Indian Ocean
Mactra nitida
Gmelin, 1791
polished mactra Eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean
Mactra nucleus
Conrad, 1831
Western Atlantic
Mactra olorina
Philippi, 1846
Mediterranean Sea
Mactra ordinaria
Smith, 1898
Southwest Pacific
Mactra patagonica
d'Orbigny, 1846
Western Atlantic 6
Mactra petitii
d'Orbigny, 1846
Western Atlantic 3
Mactra quadrangularis
Reeve, 1854
venus mactra Western Pacific
Mactra quirosana
Hodson, 1931
Western Atlantic
Mactra rostrata
Spengler, 1802
rostrate mactra Eastern Central Atlantic
Mactra stultorum
(Linnaeus, 1758)
rayed trough-shell Northeast Atlantic and the Mediterranean 6.353
Mactra subrostrata
Deshayes, 1854
Western Pacific
Mactra violacea
Gmelin, 1791
violet troughshell Western Central Pacific; Eastern Indian Ocean 9.5
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