Lithodes santolla   (Molina, 1782)

Southern king crab
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Lithodes santolla
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Lithodes santolla  AquaMaps  Data sources: GBIF OBIS

Argentina country information

Common names: Southern king crab
Occurence: native
Salinity: marine
Abundance: | Ref:
Importance: | Ref:
Aquaculture: never/rarely | Ref:
Regulations: no regulations | Ref:
Uses: no uses
Comments: Known from Beagle Channel (Refs. 2786, 3372, 93013), Strait of Magellan (Ref. 92995), Tierra del Fuego (Ref. 90795) and San Jorge Gulf (Refs. 2786, 104371). Legal size: 11 cm CL (Ref. 93013). C: Refs. 3372, 87391, 87801, 90795, 92995, 93013.
National Checklist: Argentina
Country Information: https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/resources/the-world-factbook/geos/ar.html
National Fisheries Authority:
Occurences: Occurence Point map
Main Ref: Vinuesa, J.H., 1989
National Database:

Common names from other countries

Antarktična kraljevska rakovica, ... more

Main reference

Size / Weight / Age

Max length : 19.0 cm CL male/unsexed; (Ref. 93013); max. published weight: 800.00 g (Ref. 93013)

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range

Benthic; depth range 0 - 700 m (Ref. 2686)

Climate / Range

Subtropical, preferred 9°C (Ref. 107945); 34°S - 57°S, 77°W - 51°W

Distribution

Southeast Pacific and Southwest Atlantic: from Chile (Talcahuano to Cape Horn), Falkland Islands, Argentina and Uruguay. Subtropical and temperate.
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Restricted to deeper waters (Ref. 2786). Intraspecific predation observed in its early stages (Ref. 104081). Juveniles are observed to form aggregations known as "pods" on large kelp Macrocystis pyrifera. Young individuals are found around the holdfasts and stipes of this kelp (Ref. 104212) as well as on rocky bottoms in the subtidal nearshore (Ref. 104371). Juveniles are voracious and opportunistic omnivorous predators (Ref. 104371). Scavenger and predator (Ref. 113323). Life cycle: Females begin molting in late November to early December. Fertilization occurs right after oviposition. Embryogenesis lasts 9-10 months. Larval hatching occurs between mid-September and October. Embryos develop into lecithotrophic or facultative larvae, which passes through three zoeal and one megalopal stages, and later metamorphoses to the first benthic crab stage. Mating behavior: A precopulatory embrace occurs between an old-shelled male and a recently molted female. Females carry 5500-60000 eggs (Ref. 93013).

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)

  Not Evaluated 

Threat to humans

  Harmless

Human uses

Fisheries: commercial

More information

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Internet sources

Estimates of some properties based on models

Resilience (Ref. 69278)
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153)
Price category (Ref. 80766)
(0 of 100)