References Used for Svalbard and Jan Mayen (SJM)
n = 84
Ref. No. Description
429 Hansson, H.G. 1998 NEAT (North East Atlantic Taxa): South Scandinavian marine "Aschelminth" (except Nematoda, which are treated separately and some other species poor phyla Check-List. Internet pdf Ed.,
897 Burton, M. 1963 A revision of the classification of the calcareous sponges with a catalogue of the specimens in the British Museum (Natural History). British Museum (Natural History). London. 693 pp.
1064 Hansson, H.G. 1998 NEAT (North East Atlantic Taxa): South Scandinavian Marine Crustacea Check-list compiled at TMBL (Tjärnö Marine Biological Laboratory). NEAT (North East Atlantic Taxa): South Scandinavian marine Crustacea Check-List. Internet Ed., Aug. 1998.
1094 Greve, W. 1975 Ctenophora. Fich. Ident. Zooplancton 146, 1975, 6 pp.
1394 Jefferson, T.A., S. Leatherwood and M.A. Webber 1993 FAO species Identification Guide: Marine Mammals of the World. Rome, FAO. 320 p. + 587 figures.
1522 Rice, D.W. 1998 Marine Mammals of the World Systematics and Distribution. Special Publication number 4: The Society for Marine Mammalogy. 231p.
1603 de Kluijver, M.J. and S.S. Ingalsuo 2006 Tunicata: Macrobenthos of the North Sea. Zoological Museum, University of Amsterdam.
1695 Jereb, P. and C.F.E. Roper (eds.) 2005 Cephalopods of the world. An Annotated and Illustrated catalogue of Cephalopod species known to date. Vol. 1. Chambered nautiluses and sepioids (Nautilidae, Sepiidae, Sepiolidae, Sepiadariidae, Idiosepiidae and Spirulidae). FAO Spec. Cat. Fish. Purp. 4(1):262p. Rome: FAO.
1797 Bamber, R.N. and M.H. Thurston 1995 The deep-water pycnogonids (Arthropoda, Pycnogonida) of the northeastern Atlantic Ocean. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society. 115:117-162.
1821 Steiner, G. and A.R. Kabat 2004 Catalog of species-group names of recent and fossil Scaphopoda (Mollusca). Zoosystema 26(4):549-726.
1840 Cutler, E.B. 1994 The Sipuncula. Their systematics, biology and evolution. Ithaca: Comstock publishing Associates, 433 p.
1875 Kaas, P. and R.A. van Belle 1985 Monograph of the Living chitons (Mollusca: Polyplacophora). Vol.1. Order Neoloricata: Lepidopleurina. E.J. Brill publishers, Leiden. 240 p.
2153 Child, C.A. 1995 Pycnogonida of the Western Pacific Islands XI. Collections from the Aleutians and other Bering Sea islands, Alaska. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology 569:1-33.
2592 Jarre, A., M.R. Clarke and D. Pauly 1991 Re-examination of growth estimates in oceanic squid: the case of Kondakovia longimana (Onychoteuthidae). ICES Journal of Marine Science 48:195-200.
2663 Wehe, T. and D. Fiege 2002 Annotated checklist of the polychaete species of the seas surrounding the Arabian Peninsula: Red Sea, Gulf of Aden, Arabian Sea, Gulf of Oman, Arabian Gulf. Fauna of Arabia 19:7-238.
2952 Piepenburg, D., N.V. Chernova, C.F. von Dorrien, J. Gutt, A.V. Neyelov, E. Rachor, L. Saldanha and M.K. Schmid 1996 Megabenthic communities in the waters around Svalbard. Polar Biol. 16:431-446.
3385 Walker-Smith, G.K. and G.C.C. Poore 2001 A phylogeny of the leptostraca (Crustacea) with keys to families and genera. Memoirs of Museum Victoria 58(2):383-410.
3399 Hansson, H.G. 1989 NEAT (North East Atlantic Taxa): South Scandinavian marine Chordata check-list. [accessed 05/04/2007]
3732 McLaren, I.A. 1993 Growth in Pinnipeds. Biol. Rev. 68(1):1-79.
7618 Grieg, J.A. 1930 The Cephalopod Fauna of Svalbard. Naturhistorisk Avd. Nr. 6 53(1):1-19.
7797 Tucker, J.K. 2004 Catalog of recent and fossil turrids (Mollusca: Gastropoda). Zootaxa 682:1-1295. (personal communication).
7806 Søreide, J.E., H. Hop, S. Falk-Petersen, B. Gulliksen and E. Hansen 2003 Macrozooplankton communities and environmental variables in the Barents Sea marginal ice zone in late winter and spring. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 263:43-64.
8179 Smirnov, R.V. 1999 A new genus and two new species of Pogonophora from the Arctic Ocean. Russian Journal of Marine Biology 25(4):312-319.
8434 Bamber, R.N. and A. El Nagar 2007 Pycnobase: Pycnogonida World Database. Available online at
75621 Weslawski, J.M., M. Wlodarska-Kowalczuk and J. Legezynska 2003 Occurrence of soft bottom macrofauna along the depth gradient in High Arctic, 79° N. Polish Polar Research 24(1):73-88.
77115 Fautin, D.G. 2007 Hexacorallians of the World.[accessed08/07/16]
80119 Klaassen, M., C. Bech, D. Masman and G. Slagsvold 1989 Growth and energetics of Arctic tern chicks (Sterna paradisaea). The Auk 106:240-248.
80158 Stempniewicz, L., M. Skakuj and L. Iliszko 1996 The Little auk Alle alle polaris of Franz Josef Land: a comparison with Svalbard Alle a. alle populations. Polar Res. 15, 1-10.
85342 San Vicente, C. 2010 Checklist of the orders Mysida and Lophogastrida (Phylum Arthropoda) known in the different Mediterranean regions considered. pp. 247-275 In Coll, M., et al., 2010. The biodiversity of the Mediterranean Sea: estimates, patterns, and threats. PLoS ONE 5(8):36pp.
85763 Gjertz, I. and C. Lydersen 1986 The ringed seal (Phoca hispida) spring diet in northwestern Spitsbergen, Svalbard. Polar Research 4:53-56.
87734 Gulliksen, B., R. Palerud, T. Brattegard and J. Sneli (eds.) 1999 Distribution of marine benthic macro-organisms at Svalbard (including Bear Island) and Jan Mayen. Research Report for DN 1994-4. Directorate for Nature Management. 143 p.
96468 Holdich, D.M. and J.A. Jones 1983 The distribution and ecology of British shallow-water tanaid crustaceans (Perecarida, Tanaidacea). Journal of Natural History 17:157-183.
96583 Birkely, S.-R. and B. Gulliksen 2003 Feeding ecology in five shrimp species (Decapoda: Caridea) from an Arctic Fjord (Isfjorden, Svalbard), with emphasis on Sclerocrangon boreas (Phipps, 1774). Crustaceana 76(6):699-715.
97142 Jereb, P. and C.F.E. Roper 2010 Cephalopods of the world. An Annotated and Illustrated catalogue of Cephalopod species known to date. Vol. 2. Myopsid and Oegopsid squids. FAO Species Catalogue for Fishery Purposes 2(4):605p.
105342 Høisæter, T. 2009 Distribution of marine, benthic, shell bearing gastropods along the Norwegian coast. Fauna norvegica 28:5-106.
106579 Palerud, R., B. Gulliksen, T. Brattegard, J.-A. Sneli and W. Vader 2004 Chapter 2. The marine macro-organisms in Svalbard waters. p. 5-56 In Prestrud, P.; Strom, H.; Goldman, H.V. (eds). A catalogue of the terrestrial and marine animals of Svalbard. Norsk Polarnstitutt Skrifter No. 201.
112476 Barratt, I., L. Allcock and V. Laptikhovsky 2014 Todarodes sagittatus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2014: e.T163189A981746. Downloaded on 20 October 2016.
113787 Jørgensen, L.L. and B. Gulliksen 2001 Rocky bottom fauna in arctic Kongsfjord (Svalbard) studied by means of suction sampling and photography. Polar Biol 24:113-121.
113991 Lyubina, O.S. and E.A. Frolova 2006 Studies on bottom communities in the green-fjord, Svalbard. Doklady Biological Sciences 411(1):131-133.
116516 Drumm, D.T., K.P. Maslenikov, R. Van Syoc, J.W. Orr, R.R. Lauth, D.E. Stevenson and T.W. Pietsch 2016 An annotated checklist of the marine macroinvertebrates of Alaska. NOAA Professional Paper NMFS 19, 289 p. doi:10.7755/PP.19
116703 Foster, N.R. 1979 A synopsis of the marine prosobranch gastropod and bivalve mollusks in Alaskan waters. University of Alaska.
117328 Kedra, M., S. Gromisz, R. Jaskula, J. Legezynska, B. Maciejewska, E. Malec, A. Opanowski, K. Ostrowska, M. Weodarska-Kowalczuk and J. Weslawski 2010 Soft bottom macrofauna on All Taxa Biodiversity Site: Hornsund (77°N, Svalbard). Polish Polar Research 31(4):309-326.
117453 Legezynska J., M. Wlodarska-Kowalczuk, M. Gluchowska, M. Ormanczyk, M. Kedra and J.M. Weslawski 2017 The malacostracan fauna of two Arctic fjords (west Spitsbergen): the diversity and distribution patterns of its pelagic and benthic components. Oceanologia 59(4):541-564.
117483 Kaczmarek, H., M. Włodarska-Kowalczuk, J. Legezynska and M. Zajaczkowski 2005 Shallow sublittoral macrozoobenthos in Kongsfjord, west Spitsbergen, Svalbard. Polish Polar Research 26(2):137-155.
117895 Kedra, M. and G.V. Murina 2007 The sipunculan fauna of Svalbard. Polar Research 26(1):37-47.
117943 Balazy, P., P. Kuklinski, M. Wlodarska-Kowalczuk, D. Barnes, M. Kedra, J. Legezynska and J.M. Weslawski 2015 Hermit crabs (Pagurus spp.) at their northernmost range: distribution, abundance and shell use in the European Arctic. Polar Research 34:1-17.
117949 Orr, J.W., D.T. Drumm, E.A. Laman, D.E. Stevenson and G.R. Hoff 2014 Species identification confidence in the Gulf of Alaska and Aleutian Island surveys (1980-2011). AFSC Processed Rep. 2014-01, 258p. Alaska Fish. Sci. Cent., NOAA, Natl. Mar. Fish. Serv., 7600 Sand Point Way NE, Seattle WA 98115.
117950 Barr, W. 1988 The Helgoland Expedition to Svalbard: Die Deutsche Expedition in das Nordliche Eismeer, 1898. Arctic 41(3):203-214.
117960 Ronowicz, M., J. Legezynska, P. Kuklinski and M. Wlodarska-Kowalczuk 2013 Kelp forest as a habitat for mobile epifauna: case study of Caprella septentrionalis Kroyer, 1838 (Amphipoda, Caprellidae) in an Arctic glacial fjord. Polar Research 32(1):1-6.
117961 Bernard, F.R. 1979 Bivalve mollusks of the western Beaufort Sea. Contributions in Science (Los Angeles) 313:1-80.
118286 Rozycki, O. 1992 Occurrence of Gastropoda and Bivalvia in Hornsund Fiord (West Spitsbergen, Svalbard). Polish Polar Research 13(1):41-52.
118422 Gardiner, K. and T.A. Dick 2010 Arctic cephalopod distributions and their associated predators. Polar Research 29(2):209-227.
118423 Golikov, A.V., R.M. Sabirov, P.A. Lubin and L.L. Jorgensen 2013 Changes in distribution and range structure of Arctic cephalopods due to climatic changes of the last decades. Biodiversity 14(1):28-35.
118440 Kuklinski, P. and P.D. Taylor 2006 A new genus and some cryptic species of Arctic and boreal calloporid cheilostome bryozoans. J. Mar. Biol. Ass. U.K. 86:1035-1046.
118510 Hirche, H.J. and K.N. Kosobokova 2011 Winter studies on zooplankton in Arctic seas: the Storfjord (Svalbard) and adjacent ice-covered Barents Sea. Marine Biology 158:2359-2376.
119289 Morozov, G., R.M. Sabirov and N. Anisimova 2018 New data on sponges from Svalbard Archipelago with a description of a new species of Halicnemia. Journal of Natural History 52(7-8):491-507.
119530 Carlgren, O. 1933 The Godthaab Expedition 1928 Zoantharia and Actinaria. Kommissionen for Videnskabelige Undersogelser I Gronland 79(8):1-55.
119535 Beuchel, F. and B. Gulliksen 2008 Temporal patterns of benthic community development in an Arctic fjord (Kongsfjorden, Svalbard): results of a 24-year manipulation study. Polar Biology 31(8):913-924.
119553 Sanamyan, N.P., K.E. Sanamyan and S.D. Grebelnyi 2016 Two poorly known Arctic sea anemones, Cactosoma abyssorum and Halcampa arctica (Actiniaria: Halcampidae). Invertebrate Zoology 13(1):1-14.
120339 Broch, H. 1928 Alcyonarians with a systematic-biogeographical discussion of the norther Eunephthya species. The Norwegian North Polar Expedition with the "Maud" 1918-1925, Scientific Results 5(7):1-20.
120415 Calder, D.R. 1972 Some athecate hydroids from the shelf water of northern Canada. Journal of the Fisheries Research Board Canada 29(3):217-228.
121089 Warén, A. 1996 New and little known Mollusca from Iceland and Scandinavia. Sarsia 81:197-245.
121145 Morozov, G., R. Sabirov and O. Zimina 2019 Sponge fauna of the New Siberian Shoal: biodiversity and some features of formation. Journal of Natural History 52(47-48):2961-2992.
121705 Jarms, G. and A.C. Morandini (eds.) 2019 World Atlas of Jellyfish. Abhandlungen des Naturwissenschaftlichen Vereins in Hamburg (N.F.), 0173-7481; special volume 2019.
121925 Dunbar, M.J. 1954 The amphipod Crustacea of Ungava Bay, Canadian eastern Arctic. J. Fish. Res. Bd. Canada 11(6):709-798.
122123 Grzelak, K. and M.V. Sørensen 2019 Diversity and distribution of Arctic Echinoderes species (Kinorhyncha: Cyclorhagida), with the description of one new species and a redescription of E. arlis Higgins, 1966. Mar. Biodiv. 49:1131-1150.
122131 d'Udekem d'Acoz, C. 2012 On the genus Halirages (Crustacea, Amphipoda), with the description of two new species from Scandinavia and Arctic Europe. European Journal of Taxonomy 7:1-32.
122585 Nekhaev, I.O. and E.N. Krol 2020 A review of the genus Anatoma in the Eurasian Arctic seas (Gastropoda: Vetigastropoda: Anatomidae). Zoological Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, St Petersburg 29(1):128-137.
122591 Audzijonyte, A.. and R. Väinölä 2007 Mysis nordenskioldi n. sp. (Crustacea, Mysida), a circumpolar coastal mysid separated from the NE Pacific M. litoralis (Banner, 1948). Polar Biology 30(9):1137-1157.
122594 Bick, A. 2005 A new polychaete genus and species of the Kongsfjorden, Spitsbergen, Svalbard. Journal of Natural History 39(32):2987-2996.
122595 Hansen, H., A.H. Alvestad, K. MacKenzie, M. Darrud, E. Karlsbakk, W. Hemmingsen and P. Arneberg 2020 Gyrodactylus triglopsi n. sp.(Monogenea: Gyrodactylidae) from the gills of Triglops nybelini Jensen, 1944 (Teleostei: Cottidae) in the Barents Sea. Acta Parasitologica.
122606 Ekimova, I., T. Korshunova, D. Schepetov, T. Neretina, N. Sanamyan and A. Martynov 2015 Integrative systematics of northern and Arctic nudibranchs of the genus Dendronotus (Mollusca, Gastropoda), with descriptions of three new species Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 173(4):841-886.
122615 Knoblauch, C., K. Sahm and B.B. Jørgensen 1999 Psychrophilic sulfate-reducing bacteria isolated from permanently cold Arctic marine sediments: description of Desulfofrigus oceanense gen. nov., sp. nov., Desulfofrigus fragile sp. nov., Desulfofaba gelida gen. nov., sp. nov., Des International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 49(4):1631-1643.
123163 Ronowicz, M. and P. Schuchert 2007 Halecium arcticum (Cnidaria: Hydrozoa), a new species of hydroid from Spitsbergen. Zootaxa 1549(1):55-62.
123348 Quigley, D.T.G., K. Flannery and D. MacGabhann 2016 The northern stone crab (Lithodes maja) (Crustacea: Decapoda: Anomura) in Irish and UK waters. The Irish Naturalists' Journal 35(1):1-11 .
123350 Dyer. M.F. 1985 The distribution of Hyas araneus (L.) and Hyas coarctatus Leach (Crustacea: Decapoda: Brachyura) in the North Sea and the Svalbard region. J. Mar. Biol. Ass. U.K. 65(1):195-201.
123538 Bergmann, M., N. Langwald, J. Ontrup, T. Soltwedel, I. Schewe, M. Klages and T.W. Nattkemper 2011 Megafaunal assemblages from two shelf stations west of Svalbard. Marine Biology Research 7:523-539.
123541 Aguado, M.T., M. Capa, D. Lago-Barcia, J. Gil, F. Pleijel and A. Nygren 2019 Species delimitation in Amblyosyllis (Annelida, Syllidae). PLoS ONE 14(4):e0214211.
123545 Warén, A. 1989 Molluscs from east and north of svalbard, collected by the Swedish YMER-80 expedition. Sarsia 74:127-130.
123546 Marquardt, M., S. Majaneva, V. Pitusi and J.E. Soreide 2018 Pan-Arctic distribution of the hydrozoan Sympagohydra tuuli? First record in sea ice from Svalbard (European Arctic). Polar Biology 41:583-588.
123547 Vasilenko, S.V. 2002 Cumaceans as indicators of Atlantic waters over the continental slope of the Arctic Ocean. Russian Journal of Marine Biology 28(1):1-6.
123691 Plotkin, A., C. Morrow, E. Gerasimova and H.T. Rapp 2017 Polymastiidae (Demospongiae:Hadromerida) with ornamented exotyles: areview of morphological affinities anddescription of a new genus and three newspecies. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 97(6):1351-1406.
123781 Ki, J.-S., I.-C. Kim and J.-S. Lee 2008 Molecular characterizations of the Arctic jellies from Svalbard (79°N), Norway, by ribosomal DNA sequences. KOPRI. 2008.09.26. [Accessed 17/03/2021].
123785 Jeon, Y.J. and C.J. Sim 2009 A new record of genus Halichondria (Demospongiae: Halichondrida: Halichondriidae) from Korea. Korean J. Syst. Zool. 25(1):137-139.
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