References Used for Pakistan (PAK)
n = 95
Ref. No. Description
4 Holthuis, L.B. 1991 FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 13. Marine lobsters of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of species of interest to fisheries known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(13):292p. Rome: FAO.
8 Holthuis, L.B. 1980 FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 1. Shrimps and prawns of the world. An annotated catalogue of species of interest to fisheries. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(1):271 p. Rome: FAO.
94 Fischer, W. and G. Bianchi (eds.) 1984 Lobsters. p. 1-6. In Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51). Prepared and printed with the support of the Danish International Development Agency (DANIDA). Rome, Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations.
103 Tirmizi, N.M. and Q. Bashir 1973 Shore and offshore penaeid prawns of northern Arabian Sea. Shore and offshore penaeid prawns of northern Arabian Sea:1-46, 7 figs.
109 Kunju, M.M. 1970 Synopsis of biological data on the penaeid prawn Solenocera indica Nataraj, 1945. FAO Fisheries Report 4(57):1317-1333.
275 Roper, C.F.E., M.J. Sweeney and C.E. Nauen 1984 FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 3. Cephalopods of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of species of interest to fisheries. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(3):277p. Rome: FAO.
348 Poutiers, J.M. 1998 Bivalves. Acephala, Lamellibranchia, Pelecypoda. p. 123-362. In Carpenter, K. E. and V. H. Niem. 1998. FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the Western Central Pacific. Volume 1. Seaweeds, corals, bivalves, and gastropods. Rome, FAO.
349 Poutiers, J.M. 1998 Gastropods. p. 363-648. In Carpenter, K. E. and V. H. Niem. 1998. FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the Western Central Pacific. Volume 1. Seaweeds, corals, bivalves, and gastropods. Rome, FAO.
356 SAUP Database 2006 SAUP Database.
800 Schoppe, S. 2000 A guide to common shallow water sea stars, brittle stars, sea urchins, sea cucumbers and feather stars (echinoderms) of the Philippines. Times Media Private Limited, Singapore. 144 p.
846 Veron, J.E.N. 2000 Corals of the world. Volume 1. Australian Institute of Marine Science and CRR Qld. Pty. Ltd. Australia. 463 p.
847 Veron, J.E.N. 2000 Corals of the world. Volume 2. Australian Institute of Marine Science and CRR Qld. Pty. Ltd. Australia. 429 p.
848 Veron, J.E.N. 2000 Corals of the world. Volume 3. Australian Institute of Marine Science and CRR Qld. Pty. Ltd. Australia. 490 p.
866 Gosliner, T. 1987 Nudibranchs of Southern Arfrica: A guide to opistobranch molluscs of Southern Africa. Sea Challengers and Jeff Hamann in association with the California Academy of Sciences. 136 pp.
1394 Jefferson, T.A., S. Leatherwood and M.A. Webber 1993 FAO species Identification Guide: Marine Mammals of the World. Rome, FAO. 320 p. + 587 figures.
1397 Márquez, M.R. 1990 FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 11. Sea turtles of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of sea turtle species known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(11):81p. Rome: FAO.
1522 Rice, D.W. 1998 Marine Mammals of the World Systematics and Distribution. Special Publication number 4: The Society for Marine Mammalogy. 231p.
1695 Jereb, P. and C.F.E. Roper (eds.) 2005 Cephalopods of the world. An Annotated and Illustrated catalogue of Cephalopod species known to date. Vol. 1. Chambered nautiluses and sepioids (Nautilidae, Sepiidae, Sepiolidae, Sepiadariidae, Idiosepiidae and Spirulidae). FAO Spec. Cat. Fish. Purp. 4(1):262p. Rome: FAO.
1726 Anseeuw, B. and Y. Terryn 2003 Intertidal chitons (Mollusca: Polyplacophora) from the coast of Jordan, Red Sea, with the description of a new species of Parachiton Thiele, 1909. Systematics, phylogeny and biology of the Polyplacophora 39(5):1-24.
1821 Steiner, G. and A.R. Kabat 2004 Catalog of species-group names of recent and fossil Scaphopoda (Mollusca). Zoosystema 26(4):549-726.
2281 Amin, O.M. 2002 Revision of Neoechinorynchus Stiles and Hassall, 1905 (Acanthocephala: Neoechinorhynchidae) with keys to 88 species in two subgenera. Systematic Parasitology 53:1-18.
3000 Bieler, R. and R.E. Petit 2005 Catalogue of recent and fossil taxa of the family Architectonicidae Gray, 1850 (Mollusca: Gastropoda). Zootaxa 1101:1-119.
3158 Lützen, J. and C. Nielsen 2005 Galeommatid bivalves from Phuket, Thailand. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 144:261-308.
3204 The Academy of Natural Sciences 2006 OBIS Indo-Pacific Molluscan Database. [accessed 21/03/2007].
3352 Kazmi, Q. and J.C. Markham 1999 Allathelges pakistanensis, new genus, new species, a bopyrid isopod from Karachi, Pakistan, with a review of the Atelginae recorded from Indian Ocean. Journal of Crustacean Biology 19:879-885.
3385 Walker-Smith, G.K. and G.C.C. Poore 2001 A phylogeny of the leptostraca (Crustacea) with keys to families and genera. Memoirs of Museum Victoria 58(2):383-410.
3417 Tahera, Q. and Q.B. Kazmi 2008 New records of two jellyfish medusae (Cnidaria: Scyphozoa: Catostylidae: Cubozoa: Chirodropidae) from Pakistani waters. Mar. Biodivers. Rec. 1:e30.
3457 Ahyong, S.T. and P. Naiyanetr 2000 Revision of the Clorida latreillei species complex with description of a new species (Stomatopoda: Squillidae). The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology 48(2):313-325.
3477 2050
3563 Tirmizi, N.M. and R.B. Manning 1968 Stomatopod Crustacea from West Pakistan. Proc. US Natn. Mus. 125(3666):1-48.
3722 Wood, J.B. and C.L. Day 1998 CephBase. [Accessed 26/01/06].
7436 Boyko, C.B. and Q.B. Kazmi 2005 A new species of Argeiopsis Kensley, 1974 (Crustacea: Isopoda: Bopyridae: Argeiinae) from the northern Arabian Sea. Zootaxa 1002:59-64.
7816 Lepage, D. 2007 Avibase -the World Bird Database. [accessed 09/07/2007].
8009 Yasmeen, R. 2004 A new species of cirolanid isopod of the genus Atarbolana Bruce and Javed, 1987 (Crustacea) from the Karachi Coast of Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Marine Sciences 13(1-2):21-26.
8195 Wehe, T. 2006 Revision of the scale worms (Polychaeta: Aphroditoidea) occurring in the seas surrounding the Arabian Peninsula. Part I: Polynoidae. Fauna of Arabia 22:23-197.
8434 Bamber, R.N. and A. El Nagar 2007 Pycnobase: Pycnogonida World Database. Available online at
75620 Pérez Farfante, I. and B. Kensley 1997 Penaeoid and Sergestoid shrimps and prawns of the world: keys and diagnoses for the families and genera. Mémoires du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle 175:1-233.
77646 Paulay, G. 1996 New records and synonymies of Hawaiian Bivalves (Mollusca). Bishop Museum Occasional Papers 45:18-28.
78391 Minton, S.A. 1975 Geographic distribution of sea snakes. In Dunson, W.A. (ed.), The Biology of Sea Snakes. University Park Press, Baltimore, Maryland, USA. p. 21-31.
79772 Kazmi, M.A. 1974 Salmoneus brevirostris (Edmondson) (Decapoda, Caridea) from the Indian Ocean. Crustaceana 27:310-312.
80331 Kazmi, Q.B. and N.M. Tirmizi 1997 On two species of Armina: A. babai (Tchang-si, 1934) and A. punctiliopsis Lin, 1992 (Gastropoda, Opisthobranchia) from Pakistani coasts of the Indian Ocean with a note on the egg ribbons of A. babai. Vita Mar. 44:51-59.
80701 Guiry, M.D. and G.M. Guiry 2009 AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway.; searched on 14 April 2009.
81428 Shahnaz, L. and M. Shameel 2007 Phycochemistry and bioactivity of Ulva (Chlorophyta) from north Arabian Sea. International Journal of Phycology and Phycochemistry 3(2):107-112.
81429 Yeo, D.C.J. and P.K.L. Ng 2007 On the genus "Potamon" and allies in Indochina (Crustacea: Decapoda: Brachyura: Potamidae). The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology Suppl. 16:273-308.
81686 Bruce, A.J. 2004 A partial revision of the genus Periclimenes Costa, 1884 (Crustacea: Decapoda: Palaemonidae). Zootaxa 582:1-26.
81749 Jones, D.S., M.A. Hewitt and A. Sampey 2000 A checklist of the Cirripedia of the South China Sea. The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology 8:233-307.
81753 Rahayu, D.L. 2000 Hermit crabs from the South China Sea (Crustacea: Decapoda: Anomura: Diogenidae, Paguridae, Parapaguridae). The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology 8:377-404.
83393 Moradmand, M. and A. Sari 2007 Littoral hermit crabs (Decapoa: Anomura: Paguroidea) from the Gulf of Oman, Iran. Iranian Journal of Animal Biosystematics 3(1):25-36.
83394 Siddiqui, F.A. and Q.B. Kazmi 2003 A checklist of marine anomurans (Crustacea: Decapoda) of Pakistan, northern Arabian Sea. Memoirs of Museum Victoria 60(1):87-89.
85092 Fatima, M. 2001 Study on length-frequency and length-weight relationship of Penaeus japonicus and Parapenaeopsis sculptilus. Online Journal of Biological Sciences 1(3):171-172.
87925 Sakai, K. (ed.) 2050 Crabs of Japan. [Accessed 07/10/11].
88062 de Silva, A. 1994 An account of the sea snakes (Serpentes : Hydrophiidae) of Sri Lanka. pp. 234-249, In Gopalakrishnakone, P. (ed.). Sea Snake Toxinology. Venom &​ Toxin Research Group. National University of Singapore. 251 p.
89075 Zia, A., M. Naeem, M.A. Rafi, F. Naz, S. Afsheen and M. Ilyas 2011 Damselflies (Zygoptera: Odonata) of Pakistan: Part I. Journal of Insect Science II(102):1-27.
89146 Müller, H.-G. 1994 World catalogue and bibliography of the recent Stomatopoda. Wissenschaftlicher Verlag, Berlin.
89450 IUCN 2011 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2011.2. IUCN 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Downloaded in November 2011.
89489 Kharin, V.E. 2004 Review of sea snakes of the genus Hydrophis sensu stricto (Serpentes: Hydrophiidae). Russian Journal of Marine Biology 30(6):387-394.
89710 CITES 2012 Appendices I, II and III valid from 3 April 2012. UNEP.
89729 MiroÄŸlu, A. and V. Kartal 2008 Additional notes on the Odonata fauna of Kurupelit (Samsun, Turkey). Turk J Zool 32:33-41.
92930 Purcell, S.W., Y. Samyn and C. Conand 2012 Commercially important sea cucumbers of the world. FAO, Rome, Italy, 223 p.
94422 Conand, C., S. Purcell and R. Gamboa 2013 Holothuria flavomaculata. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.1. . Downloaded on 13 November 2013.
94463 Aziz, D., S.S. Siraj, A. Arshad, S.M. Amin Nurul and S.A. Harmin 2010 Population characterization of planktonic shrimp, Acetes japonicus (Decapoda: Sergestidae) using RAPD technique. Journal of Biological Sciences 10 (4):355-361.
96667 CRUSTA 2012 Species from French Polynesia (Marquesas, Society, Austral, Tuamotu, Gambier). [Accessed 21/07/2014].
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98926 Prakash, S., T.T.A. Kumar and S.A. Khan 2013 Checklist of the Porcellanidae (Crustacea: Decapoda: Anomura) of India. Check List 9(6):1514-1518.
99228 Leliaert, F., E. Coppejans and O. deClerck 1998 The Siphonocladales sensu egerod (Chlorophyta) from Papua New Guinea and Indonesia (Snellius-II Expedition). Belgian Journal of Botany 130(2):177-197.
101073 Shojae, F., E. Kamrani, M.R. Shokri, M.S. Ranjbar, M. Moradi and M.A. Hesni 2010 New records of three hard coral species from north-east of Larak Island (Persian Gulf, Iran). Marine Biodiversity Records 3:e65.
105139 Tirmizi, N.M., Q.B. Kazmi and R.B. Manning 1994 An illustrated key to the Malacostraca (Crustacea) of the northern Arabian Sea. Pakistan Journal of Marine Sciences 3(2):125-169.
105287 Jahangir, S., G. Siddiqui, M. Moazzam and Z. Ayub 2012 Clams of the families Tellinidae and Veneridae and blood cockle of family Arcidae from Phitti Creek and Sonmiani along the coast of Pakistan (northern Arabian Sea). Pakistan J. Zool. 44(1):259-266.
106017 Siddiqui, G. and M. Ahmed 2002 Oyster species of the sub tropical coast of Pakistan (northern Arabian Sea). Indian Journal of Marine Sciences 31(2):108-118.
106773 Kenoyer, J.M. 1984 Shell working industries of the Indus civilization: a summary. Paléorient 10(1)49-63.
106819 Naderloo, R. and M. Türkay 2012 Decapod crustaceans of the littoral and shallow sublittoral Iranian coast of the Persian Gulf: faunistics, biodiversity and zoogeography. Zootaxa 3374:1-67.
107016 Safaie, M., J. Pazooki, B. Kiabi and M.R. Shokri 2013 Reproductive biology of blue swimming crab, Portunus segnis (Forskal, 1775) in coastal waters of Persian Gulf and Oman Sea, Iran. Iranian Journal of Fisheries Science 12(2):430-444.
107234 Naderloo, R., M. Turkay and M. Apel 2011 Brachyuran crabs of the family Macrophthalmidae Dana, 1851 (Decapoda: Brachyura: Macrophthalmidae) of the Persian Gulf. Zootaxa 2911:1-42.
107485 Seyfabadi, J., M.M. Zamani Jamshidi and A. Mahvary-Habibabadi 2013 Littoral hermit crabs (Crustacea: Decapoda: Anomura) of Larak Island, Persian Gulf, Iran. Iranian Journal of Animal Biosystematics 9(2):99-107.
107560 Naderloo, R. and A. Sari 2005 Iranian subtidal leucosiid crabs (Crustacea: Deacapoda: Brachyura) of the Persian Gulf: Taxonomy and zoogeography. Iranian Journal of Animal Biosystematics 1(1):29-44.
107584 Sepahvand, V., A. Sari, H. Salehi, S.-M.-B. Nabavi and S.-G. Ghorbanzadeh 2012 Littoral mud shrimps (Decapoda: Gebiidea & Axiidea) of the Persian Gulf and Gulf of Oman, Iran. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 93(4):999-1008.
107628 Silambarasan, K., K. Velmurugan, E. Rajalakshmi and A. Anithajoice 2014 Redescription and new distributional records of Matuta planipes (Fabricius, 1798) (Crustacea; Decapoda; Matutidae) from Chennai coast, Tamil Nadu. Arthropods 3(1):43-47.
107858 Attaran-Fariman, G., A. Beygmoradi and K. Boos 2014 First record of Ophionereis dubia (Echinodermata: Ophiuroidea) from Chabahar Bay (Gulf of Oman, Iran). Marine Biodiversity Records 7:1-5.
107904 Apel, M. and M. Türkay 1999 Taxonomic composition, distribution and zoogeographic relationships of the grapsid and ocypodid crab fauna of intertidal soft bottoms in the Arabian Gulf. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 49:131-142.
108088 Ahmed, M. and G. Abbas 2000 Growth parameters of the finfish and shellfish juveniles in the tidal waters of Bhanbhore, Korangi Creek and Miani Hor Lagoon. Pakistan J. Zool. 32(1):21-26.
108444 Rahman, S. and S. Barkati 2012 Spatial and temporal variations in the species composition and abundance of benthic molluscs along 4 rocky shores of Karachi. Turk. J. Zool. 36(3):291-306.
109030 Kazmi, Q.B. and M.A. Kazmi 2010 Biodiversity and biogeography of Caridean shrimps of Pakistan. Marine Reference Collection and Resource Center, University of Karachi, Pakistan.
110587 Chand, V., M. De Bruyn and P.B. Mather 2005 Microsatellite loci in the eastern form of the giant freshwater prawn (Macrobrachium rosenbergii). Molecular Ecology Notes 5:308-310.
111509 GBIF 2016 Cypraea tigris Linnaeus, 1758. [Accessed 27/09/2016].
113197 Duda, T. 2013 Conus striatus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2013: e.T192321A2073367. Downloaded on 14 November 2016.
113354 Sultana, R., Q.B. Kazmi and S. Amjad 2009 Lobsters from northern Arabian Sea (Pakistan coast). Pakistan Journal of Scientific and Industrial Research, 27p.
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113623 Odhano, S., N.U. Saher and M. Kamal 2015 An over clawed (with two enlarge Chela) male crab of Uca urvillei (Ocypodidae: Tubuca: Uca) along the coast of Karachi, Pakistan. Biharean Biologist 9(2):170-172.
113643 Rao, D.V. and S. Rath 2013 Icthyofauna and decapod crustacean fauna of the Nuanai Estuary, Odisha. Estuarine Ecosystem Series 8:1-64.
114232 Carlton, J.T. and A.N. Cohen 2003 Episodic global dispersal in shallow water marine organisms: the case history of the European shore crabs Carcinus maenas and C. aestuarii. Journal of Biogeography 30:1809-1820.
114973 Jereb, P. and C.F. Roper 2006 Cephalopods of the Indian Ocean. A review. Part I. Inshore squids (Loliginidae) collected during the international Indian Ocean expedition. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 119(1):91-136.
116877 Geraldino, P.J. L., L.M. Liao and S.M. Boo 2005 Morphological study of the marine algal genus Padina (Dictyotales, Phaeophyceae) from southern Philippines: 3 species new to Philippines. Algae 20(2):99-112.
120845 Kazmi, Q.B. and F. Yousuf 2013 Checklist of Peracarida of Pakistan A-marine and B-terrestrial Isopoda marine Tanaidacea. FUAAST J. Biol. 3(2):129-139.
121749 Apel, M. and V.A. Spiridonov 1998 Taxonomy and zoogeography of the portunid crabs (Crustacea: Decapoda: Brachyura: Portunidae) of the Arabian Gulf and adjacent waters. National Commission for Wildlife Conservation and Development..
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