Biodiversity in Uruguay (URY)
 
  FishBase Complete Literature Reference
Species Families Species Families
Marine 362 169 No
Freshwater 1 1 Yes
Total 364 170 No
Conservation List of freshwater species completed using CLOFFSCA work. The following information is to be sought: - Status of knowledge of the freshwater fauna; - Existence of conservation plans; - Information on major aquatic habitats or sites within the country; - Current major threats to species; - Future potential threats to species; - Contact(s) for further information.
Geography and Climate Uruguay is located in Southern South America, bordering the South Atlantic Ocean, between Argentina and Brazil. Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Washington State. Total land boundary is 1,564 km, border countries are Argentina 579 km, Brazil 985 km. Climate is warm temperate; freezing temperatures almost unknown. Terrain consists of mostly rolling plains and low hills; fertile coastal lowland. Elevation extreme has the lowest point in Atlantic Ocean 0 m and highest point in Cerro Catedral 514 m. Natural resources are fertile soil, hydropower, minor minerals, fisheries. Land use: arable land: 7%, permanent crops: 0%, permanent pastures: 77%, forests and woodland: 6%, other: 10% (1997 est.). Irrigated land: 7,700 sq km (1997 est.). Natural hazards are seasonally high winds (the pampero is a chilly and occasional violent wind which blows north from the Argentine pampas), droughts, floods; because of the absence of mountains, which act as weather barriers, all locations are particularly vulnerable to rapid changes in weather fronts. Environment—current issues: working with Brazil to monitor and minimize transboundary pollution caused by Brazilian power plant near border; water pollution from meat packing/tannery industry; inadequate solid/hazardous waste disposal.

Ref.  Anonymous, 1999
Hydrography
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