Biodiversity in Maldives (MDV)
 
  FishBase Complete Literature Reference
Species Families Species Families
Marine 661 215 Yes 949
Freshwater 1 1 Yes Kottelat, M. and T. Whitten, 1996
Total 656 214 Yes Watanuki, Y., 1988
Ref.   Kottelat, M. and T. Whitten, 1996
Conservation None.
Geography and Climate Maldives is located in Southern Asia, group of atolls in the Indian Ocean, south-southwest of India. Area- comparatively about 1.7 times the size of Washington, DC. Climate is tropical; hot, humid; dry, northeast monsoon (November to March); rainy, southwest monsoon (June to August). Terrain consists of flat, with white sandy beaches. Elevation extreme has the lowest point in Indian Ocean 0 m and highest point in unnamed location on Wilingili 24 m. Major natural resource is fish. Land use: arable land: 10%, permanent crops: 0%, permanent pastures: 3%, forests and woodland: 3%, other: 84% (1993 est.). Natural hazards are low level of islands that make them very sensitive to sea level rise. Environment—current issues: depletion of freshwater aquifers threatens water supplies Geography—note: 1,190 coral islands grouped into 26 atolls; archipelago of strategic location astride and along major sea lanes in Indian Ocean.

Ref.  Anonymous, 1999
Hydrography The Maledives are a group of low-lying coral atolls. Freshwater occurs only in aquifiers and no native freshwater fish has ever been recorded.

Ref.  Kottelat, M. and T. Whitten, 1996
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