Ecosystem Reference
Ecosystem Beaufort Sea
Type Sea/Bay/Gulf
Salinity saltwater
Other Names
Location
LME SAU No 55. Arctic Ocean, north of Alaska and Canada. LME2002, Modified LME 2006, SAU 2008. 77° N 68° N - 158° W 126° W
Location Map Beaufort_Sea.png
Size Ref
River Length Area 1092196 km2 Drainage Area
Depth
Average Depth Max Depth Ref
Temperature
Surface 1.0 °C Map23.gif
100 Meters Depth 1.0 °C Map24.gif
Description The Beaufort Sea is a high latitude ecosystem situated off the coast of northern Alaska, in the United States, and of the Northwest Territories, in Canada. It is covered with ice for most of the year. The Beaufort Gyral Stream forms a clockwise drift pattern. The LME is driven by changes in the Arctic climate and is based on distinctive ecological criteria such as bathymetry, hydrography, productivity, and trophodynamics (http://na.nefsc.noaa.gov/lme/text/lme55.htm). Formerly in part of Arctic Archipelago (LME 2008).
Comments on faunal list Area from SAU (November 2015).
URL 1 http://www.seaaroundus.org/lme/55.aspx
URL 2
Ecosystem Checklist Link
Total
SeaLifeBase Literature
Species Families Species Families Reference
1039 332
Palomares, Maria Lourdes D. on 02.17.94
Modified by on 07.03.20
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