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References used for species in the Family Styelidae
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[ n = 281 ] 
Abbott, D. P. and J. V. Johnson, 1972 The Ascidians Styela barnharti, S. Plicata, S. Clava, and S. Montereyensis in Californian waters. Bullentin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences.
Al-Khayat, J.A. and M.A. Al-Ansi, 2008 Ecological features of oyster beds distribution in Qatari waters, Arabian Gulf. Asian Journal of Scientific Research 1(6):544-561.
Alcock, A., 1901 A descriptive catalogue of the Indian deep-sea Crustacea Decapoda Macrura and Anomala in the Indian museum. Being a revised account of the deep-sea species collected by the Royal Indian Marine Survey Ship Investigator. 286 p. + plates 1-3.
Allen, G.R., 1985 FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 6. Snappers of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of lutjanid species known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(6):208 p. Rome: FAO.
Allen, M.J., T. Mikel, D.. Cadien, J.E. Kalman, E.T. Jarvis, K.C. Schiff, D.W. Diehl, S.L. Moore, S. Walther, G. Deets, C. Cash, S. Watts, D.J. Pondella, V. Raco-Rands, C. Thomas, R. Gartman, L. Sabin, W. Power, A. Groce, J. Armstrong, 2007 Appendix F - Glossary and Nomenclature. [Accessed 31/05/2017].
Andrew, N. and M. Francis, 2003 The living reef. The ecology of New Zealand's rocky reefs. Craig Potton Publishing, New Zealand. 283pp.
Annys, A., 1984 Verslag excursie naar Sas van Goes (Ned.) op 9 oktober 1983 [Report on the excursion to Sas van Goes (Netherlands), 9 October 1983]. De Strandvlo 4(1):18-19.
Arnaud, P.M., 1974 Contribution à la bionomie marine benthique des régions antarctiques et subantarctiques. Téthys 6(3):467-653.
Atkinson, E.G. and J.W. Wacasey, 1976 Caloric values of zoobenthos and phytobenthos from the Canadian Arctic. Department of the Environment, Fishieries and Marine Service, Technical Report 632:1-23.
Australian Biological Resources Study, 2000 Australian Faunal Directory. World Wide Web electronic publication.
Backe, N., S. Davies, K. Conley, G. Kosmider, G. Rasmussen, H. Ibey and K. Ladell, 2011 Race Rocks (XwaYeN) proposed marine protected area ecosystem overview and assessment report. Canadian Manuscript Report of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 2949:30p.
Berman, J., L. Harris, W. Lambert, M. Buttrick and M. Dufresne, 1992 Recent Invasions of the Gulf of Maine: Three Contrasting Ecological Histories. Conservation Biology 6(3):435-441.
Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum, 2000 Marine Invertebrates of the Hawaiian Islands - Summary statistics for major taxa.
Birkeland, C., 1974 Interactions between a sea pen and seven of its predators. Ecological Monographs 44:211-232.
Birkely, S.-R. and B. Gulliksen, 2003 Feeding ecology in five shrimp species (Decapoda: Caridea) from an Arctic Fjord (Isfjorden, Svalbard), with emphasis on Sclerocrangon boreas (Phipps, 1774). Crustaceana 76(6):699-715.
Bisby, F.A., M.A. Ruggiero, K.L. Wilson, M. Cachuela-Palacio, S.W. Kimani, Y.R. Roskov, A. Soulier-Perkins and J. van Hertum, 2005 Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life: 2005 Annual Checklist. CD-ROM; Species 2000: Reading, U.K.
Bisby, F.A., Y.R. Roskov, M.A. Ruggiero, T.M. Orrell, L.E. Paglinawan, P.W. Brewer, N. Bailly and J. van Hertum (eds.), 2007 Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life: 2007 Annual Checklist. CD-ROM; Species 2000: Reading, U.K.
Blanchard, A.L., C.L. Parris, A.L. Knowlton and N.R. Wade, 2013 Benthic ecology of the northeastern Chukchi Sea. Part II. Spatial variation of megafaunal community structure, 2009-2010. Cotinental Shelf Research 67:67-76.
Bluhm, B.A., K. Iken, S.M. Hardy, B.I. Sirenko and B.A. Holladay, 2009 Community structure of epibenthic megafauna in the Chukchi Sea. Aquatic Biology 7:269-293.
Bourque, D., J. Davidson, N. MacNair and G. Arsenau, 2007 Reproduction and early life history of an invasive ascidian Styela clava Herdman in Prince Edward Island, Canada. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 342: 78-84.
Bradbury, M.G. and D.M. Cohen, 1958 An illustration and a new record of the North Pacific bathypelagic fish Macropinna microstoma. Stanford Ichthyol. Bull. 7(3): 57-59.
Branch, G.M., C.L. Griffiths, M.L. Branch and L. Beckley, 2005 Two oceans: a guide to marine life in southern Africa. Struik Publishers, Cape Town, 360 p.
Brockmann, H.J., 1990 Mating behavior of horseshoe crabs, Limulus polyphemus. Behaviour 114(1-4):206-220.
Bullard, S.G. and R.B. Whitlatch, 2004 A guide to the larval and juvenile stages of common Long Island Sound ascidians and bryozoans. Connecticut Sea Grant College Program, Department of Marine Sciences, University of Connecticut, Groton CT 06340, U.S.A.
Calman, W.T., 1913 A new species of the Crustacean genus Thaumastocheles. Annals and Magazine of Natural History (8)12:229-233 + figures 1-2.
Cardigos, F., F. Tempera, S. Avila, J. Gonçalves, A. Colaço and R.S. Santos, 2006 Non-indigenous marine species of the Azores. Helgol Mar Res 60:160-169.
Carlton, J., 1989 Man's role in changing the face of the ocean: biological invasions and implicationsfor conservation of near shore environments. Conservation Biology 4:265-273.
Carver, C.E., A.L. Mallet and B. Vercaemer, 2006 Biological synopsis of the colonial tunicates, Botryllus schlosseri and Botrylloides violaceus. Canadian Manuscript Report of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences No. 2747: v + 42 pages.
Castilla, J.C., M. Uribe, N. Bahamonde, M. Clarke, R. Desqueyroux-Faúndez, I. Kong, H. Moyano, N. Rozbaczylo, B. Santelices, C. Valdovinos and P. Zavala, 2005 Down under the southeastern Pacific: marine non-indigenous species in Chile. Biological Invasions 7:213-232.
Castro, P. and M.E. Huber, 2005 Marine biology. 452 p. ; col. ill. Boston, McGraw-Hill.
Chan, T.-Y. and H.-P. Yu, 1987 Metanephrops formosanus sp.nov., a new species of lobster (Decapoda, Nephropidae), from Taiwan. Crustaceana 52:172-186 + figure 1 + plate 1-2.
Clarke, A. and N.M. Johnston, 2003 Antarctic marine benthic diversity. Oceanogr. Mar. Biol. Ann. Rev. 41:47-114.
Clarke, C.L. and T.W. Therriault, 2007 Biological synopsis of the invasive tunicate Styela clava (Herdman 1881). Canadian Manuscript Report of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences No. 2807: vi + 23 pages.
Cohen, A., C. Mills, H. Berry, M. Woham and Bingha, 1998 A Rapid Assessment Survey of Non-indigenous Species in the Shallow Waters of Puget Sound. Report of the Puget Sound Expedition September 8-16, 1998. For the Washington State Department of Natural Resources, Olympia, WA; United States Fish and Wildlife Service, Lacey, WA (November 1998).
Cohen, A., D. Calder, J. Carton, J. Chapman, L. Harris, T. Kitayama, C. Lambert, G. Lambert, C. Piotrowski, M. Shouse and L. Solorzano, 2005 Rapid Assessment Shore Survey for Exotic Species in San Francisco Bay - May 2004. Final Report for the California State Coastal Conservancy, Association of Bay Area Governments/San Francisco Bay-Delta Science Consortium, National Geographic Society and Rose Foundation. San Francisco Estuary Institute, Oakland, CA.
Cohen, J.A. and H.J. Brockmann, 1983 Limulus polyphemus. In Smithsonian Marine Station at Fort Pierce. Http:// [accessed 8-12-2005].
Cole, L. and G. Lambert, 2009 Tunicata (Urochordata) of the Gulf of Mexico. pp. 1209-1216 In Felder, D.L.; Camp, D.K. (eds.) Gulf of Mexico - Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M University Press, College Station, Texas.
Cole, L.L., 1989 Catalog of tunicate type specimens in the United States National Museum Collection. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology 487:i-12.
Coleman, N., 2001 1001 Nudibranchs catalogue of Indo-Pacific sea slugs. Neville Coleman's Underwater Geographic Pty Ltd, 144p.
Coles, S.L., R.C. DeFelice, L.G. Eldredge and J.T. Carlton, 1999 Historical and recent introductions of non-indigenous marine species into Pearl Harbor, Oahu, Hawaiian Islands. Mar. Biol. 135:147-158.
Collin, R., M.C. Díaz, J. Norenburg, R.M. Rocha, J.A. Sánchez, M. Schulze, A. Schwartz and A. Valdés, 2005 Photographic identification guide to some common marine invertebrates of Bocas Del Toro, Panama. Caribbean Journal of Science. 41(3):638-707.
Costello, D.P. and C. Henley, 1971 Methods for obtaining and handling marine eggs and embryos. Marine Biological Laboratory, Woods Hole, MA (Second Edition).
Crosnier, A. and J.J. Tanter, 1999 Taxa Considered. Cycliophora. [accessed 07/12/2005].
Cusson, M., P. Archambault and A. Aitken, 2007 Biodiversity of benthic assemblages on the Arctic continental shelf: historical data form Canada. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 331:291-304.
da Rocha, R.M. and S.B. de Faria, 2005 Ascidians at Currais Islands, Paraña, Brazil: taxonomy and distribution. Biota Neotropica 5(2):1-20.
Dahl, L., 2002 Temporal, spatial and substrate dependent variations of Danish hard-bottom macrofauna. Helgol Mar Res 56:159-168.
Darcy, G.H., 1983 Synopsis of biological data on the pigfish, Orthopristis chrysoptera (Pisces: Haemulidae). FAO Fish. Synop. (134); NOAA Tech. Rep. NMFS Circ. (449).
Darr, A., M. Gogina and M.L. Zettler, 2014 Functional changes in benthic communities along a salinity gradient - a western Baltic case study. Journal of Sea Research 85:315-324.
Daumezon, G., 1909 Contribution a l'etude des Synascidies du golfe de Marseille. Bul. Sci. France-Belgique Paris 42:269-432.
Davis, M.H. and M.E. Davis, 2005 Styela clava (Tunicata: Ascidiacea) - a new addition to the fauna of the Portuguese coast. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 85:403-404.
de Faria, S.B., 2006 Padrão de distribuição de Ascidiacea (Tunicata) no Atlântico e regiões polares adjacentes: um enfoque através da análise parcimoniosa de endemicidade (PAE). Universidade Federal do Paraná MS Thesis.
de Kluijver, M.J. and S.S. Ingalsuo, 2006 Tunicata: Macrobenthos of the North Sea. Zoological Museum, University of Amsterdam.
Deibel, D., 2009 Personal Communication. Electronic Correspondence on March 5, 2009.
del Mundo, C.M., 2000 Philippine decapod crustacea. An illustrated handbook on the commercially important decapod crustacea of the Philippines. Fisheries Resources Evaluation and Environmental Services Division, Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources. Quezon City, Philippines. 83 p.
Denisenko, S.G., N.V. Denisenko, K.K. Lehtonen, A.B. Andersin and A.O. Laine, 2003 Macrozoobenthos of the Pechora Sea (SE Barents Sea): community structure and spatial distribution in relation to environmental conditions. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 258:109-123.
deRivera, C.E., G.M. Ruiz, J.A. Crooks, K. Wasson, S.I. Lonhart, P. Fofonoff, B.P. Steves, S.S. Rumrill, M.S. Bracato, W.S. Pegau, D.A. Bulthius, R.K. Priesler, G.C. Schooch, E. Bowlby, A. De Vogelaere, M.K. Crawford and …, 2005 L. Takata, K. Larson, T. Huber, A.M. Leyman, E. Collinetti, T. Pasco, S. Shull, M. Anderson and S. Powell. Broad-scale nonindigenous species monitoring along the west coast in national marine sanctuaries and national estuarine research reserves. National Fish and Wildlife Foundation.
Desroy, N., C. Warembourg, J. M. Dewarumez and J. C. Dauvin., 2002 Macrobenthic Resources of the Shallow Soft-bottom Sediments in the Eastern English Channel and Southern North Sea. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 60: 120-131.
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Drumm, D.T., K.P. Maslenikov, R. Van Syoc, J.W. Orr, R.R. Lauth, D.E. Stevenson and T.W. Pietsch, 2016 An annotated checklist of the marine macroinvertebrates of Alaska. NOAA Professional Paper NMFS 19, 289 p. doi:10.7755/PP.19
Durkin, M.K., 1980 The Saleniinae in time and space. p. 3-14. In M. Jangoux (ed.) Echinoderms: Present and Past. Proceedings of the European Colloquim on Echinoderms, Brussels, 3-8 September 1979.
Elahi, R., 2012 Diversity and structure of subtidal rock walls in the Salish Sea: the roles of grazing, oceanography, and long-term change. Biology, Doctor of Philosophy, University of Washington, 151pp.
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Faasse, M. and H. De Blauwe, 2002 De exotische samengestelde zakpijp Botrylloides violaceus Oka, 1927 in Nederland (Ascidiacea: Pleurogona: Styelidae) [The exotic colonial tunicate Botrylloides violaceus Oka, 1927 in the Netherlands (Ascidiacea: Pleurogona: Styelidae)]. Het Zeepaard 62(5):136-141.
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Feder, H.M. and S.C. Jewett, 1977 Trawl survey of the epifaunal invertebrates of Norton Sound, southeastern Chukchi Sea, and Kotzebue Sound. Final Report to NOAA. R.U. No. 502. 148 p.
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