More info | Plus d'info | Mais info

References used for species in the Family Styelidae
( )
 
Sort by : RefNo Author Year
[ n = 278 ] 
RefNo
 Description
Abbott, D. P. and J. V. Johnson, 1972 The Ascidians Styela barnharti, S. Plicata, S. Clava, and S. Montereyensis in Californian waters. Bullentin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences.
Al-Khayat, J.A. and M.A. Al-Ansi, 2008 Ecological features of oyster beds distribution in Qatari waters, Arabian Gulf. Asian Journal of Scientific Research 1(6):544-561.
Alcock, A., 1901 A descriptive catalogue of the Indian deep-sea Crustacea Decapoda Macrura and Anomala in the Indian museum. Being a revised account of the deep-sea species collected by the Royal Indian Marine Survey Ship Investigator. 286 p. + plates 1-3.
Allen, G.R., 1985 FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 6. Snappers of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of lutjanid species known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(6):208 p. Rome: FAO.
Allen, M.J., T. Mikel, D.. Cadien, J.E. Kalman, E.T. Jarvis, K.C. Schiff, D.W. Diehl, S.L. Moore, S. Walther, G. Deets, C. Cash, S. Watts, D.J. Pondella, V. Raco-Rands, C. Thomas, R. Gartman, L. Sabin, W. Power, A. Groce, J. Armstrong, 2007 Appendix F - Glossary and Nomenclature. http://ftp.sccwrp.org/pub/download/DOCUMENTS/TechnicalReports/505_Appendix_F.pdf [Accessed 31/05/2017].
Andrew, N. and M. Francis, 2003 The living reef. The ecology of New Zealand's rocky reefs. Craig Potton Publishing, New Zealand. 283pp.
Annys, A., 1984 Verslag excursie naar Sas van Goes (Ned.) op 9 oktober 1983 [Report on the excursion to Sas van Goes (Netherlands), 9 October 1983]. De Strandvlo 4(1):18-19.
Arnaud, P.M., 1974 Contribution à la bionomie marine benthique des régions antarctiques et subantarctiques. Téthys 6(3):467-653.
Atkinson, E.G. and J.W. Wacasey, 1976 Caloric values of zoobenthos and phytobenthos from the Canadian Arctic. Department of the Environment, Fishieries and Marine Service, Technical Report 632:1-23.
Australian Biological Resources Study, 2000 Australian Faunal Directory. World Wide Web electronic publication. http://www.deh.gov.au/biodiversity/abrs/online-resources/fauna/index.html
Backe, N., S. Davies, K. Conley, G. Kosmider, G. Rasmussen, H. Ibey and K. Ladell, 2011 Race Rocks (XwaYeN) proposed marine protected area ecosystem overview and assessment report. Canadian Manuscript Report of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 2949:30p.
Berman, J., L. Harris, W. Lambert, M. Buttrick and M. Dufresne, 1992 Recent Invasions of the Gulf of Maine: Three Contrasting Ecological Histories. Conservation Biology 6(3):435-441.
Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum, 2000 Marine Invertebrates of the Hawaiian Islands - Summary statistics for major taxa. http://www2.bishopmuseum.org/HBS/invert/taxa_summary.htm
Birkeland, C., 1974 Interactions between a sea pen and seven of its predators. Ecological Monographs 44:211-232.
Birkely, S.-R. and B. Gulliksen, 2003 Feeding ecology in five shrimp species (Decapoda: Caridea) from an Arctic Fjord (Isfjorden, Svalbard), with emphasis on Sclerocrangon boreas (Phipps, 1774). Crustaceana 76(6):699-715.
Bisby, F.A., M.A. Ruggiero, K.L. Wilson, M. Cachuela-Palacio, S.W. Kimani, Y.R. Roskov, A. Soulier-Perkins and J. van Hertum, 2005 Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life: 2005 Annual Checklist. CD-ROM; Species 2000: Reading, U.K.
Bisby, F.A., Y.R. Roskov, M.A. Ruggiero, T.M. Orrell, L.E. Paglinawan, P.W. Brewer, N. Bailly and J. van Hertum (eds.), 2007 Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life: 2007 Annual Checklist. CD-ROM; Species 2000: Reading, U.K.
Blanchard, A.L., C.L. Parris, A.L. Knowlton and N.R. Wade, 2013 Benthic ecology of the northeastern Chukchi Sea. Part II. Spatial variation of megafaunal community structure, 2009-2010. Cotinental Shelf Research 67:67-76.
Bluhm, B.A., K. Iken, S.M. Hardy, B.I. Sirenko and B.A. Holladay, 2009 Community structure of epibenthic megafauna in the Chukchi Sea. Aquatic Biology 7:269-293.
Bourque, D., J. Davidson, N. MacNair and G. Arsenau, 2007 Reproduction and early life history of an invasive ascidian Styela clava Herdman in Prince Edward Island, Canada. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 342: 78-84.
Bradbury, M.G. and D.M. Cohen, 1958 An illustration and a new record of the North Pacific bathypelagic fish Macropinna microstoma. Stanford Ichthyol. Bull. 7(3): 57-59.
Branch, G.M., C.L. Griffiths, M.L. Branch and L. Beckley, 2005 Two oceans: a guide to marine life in southern Africa. Struik Publishers, Cape Town, 360 p.
Brockmann, H.J., 1990 Mating behavior of horseshoe crabs, Limulus polyphemus. Behaviour 114(1-4):206-220.
Bullard, S.G. and R.B. Whitlatch, 2004 A guide to the larval and juvenile stages of common Long Island Sound ascidians and bryozoans. Connecticut Sea Grant College Program, Department of Marine Sciences, University of Connecticut, Groton CT 06340, U.S.A.
Calman, W.T., 1913 A new species of the Crustacean genus Thaumastocheles. Annals and Magazine of Natural History (8)12:229-233 + figures 1-2.
Cardigos, F., F. Tempera, S. Avila, J. Gonçalves, A. Colaço and R.S. Santos, 2006 Non-indigenous marine species of the Azores. Helgol Mar Res 60:160-169.
Carlton, J., 1989 Man's role in changing the face of the ocean: biological invasions and implicationsfor conservation of near shore environments. Conservation Biology 4:265-273.
Carver, C.E., A.L. Mallet and B. Vercaemer, 2006 Biological synopsis of the colonial tunicates, Botryllus schlosseri and Botrylloides violaceus. Canadian Manuscript Report of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences No. 2747: v + 42 pages.
Castilla, J.C., M. Uribe, N. Bahamonde, M. Clarke, R. Desqueyroux-Faúndez, I. Kong, H. Moyano, N. Rozbaczylo, B. Santelices, C. Valdovinos and P. Zavala, 2005 Down under the southeastern Pacific: marine non-indigenous species in Chile. Biological Invasions 7:213-232.
Castro, P. and M.E. Huber, 2005 Marine biology. 452 p. ; col. ill. Boston, McGraw-Hill.
Chan, T.-Y. and H.-P. Yu, 1987 Metanephrops formosanus sp.nov., a new species of lobster (Decapoda, Nephropidae), from Taiwan. Crustaceana 52:172-186 + figure 1 + plate 1-2.
Clarke, A. and N.M. Johnston, 2003 Antarctic marine benthic diversity. Oceanogr. Mar. Biol. Ann. Rev. 41:47-114.
Clarke, C.L. and T.W. Therriault, 2007 Biological synopsis of the invasive tunicate Styela clava (Herdman 1881). Canadian Manuscript Report of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences No. 2807: vi + 23 pages.
Cohen, A., C. Mills, H. Berry, M. Woham and Bingha, 1998 A Rapid Assessment Survey of Non-indigenous Species in the Shallow Waters of Puget Sound. Report of the Puget Sound Expedition September 8-16, 1998. For the Washington State Department of Natural Resources, Olympia, WA; United States Fish and Wildlife Service, Lacey, WA (November 1998).
Cohen, A., D. Calder, J. Carton, J. Chapman, L. Harris, T. Kitayama, C. Lambert, G. Lambert, C. Piotrowski, M. Shouse and L. Solorzano, 2005 Rapid Assessment Shore Survey for Exotic Species in San Francisco Bay - May 2004. Final Report for the California State Coastal Conservancy, Association of Bay Area Governments/San Francisco Bay-Delta Science Consortium, National Geographic Society and Rose Foundation. San Francisco Estuary Institute, Oakland, CA.
Cohen, J.A. and H.J. Brockmann, 1983 Limulus polyphemus. In Smithsonian Marine Station at Fort Pierce. Http://www.sms.si.edu/irlspec/Limulu_polyph.htm [accessed 8-12-2005].
Cole, L. and G. Lambert, 2009 Tunicata (Urochordata) of the Gulf of Mexico. pp. 1209-1216 In Felder, D.L.; Camp, D.K. (eds.) Gulf of Mexico - Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M University Press, College Station, Texas.
Cole, L.L., 1989 Catalog of tunicate type specimens in the United States National Museum Collection. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology 487:i-12.
Coleman, N., 2001 1001 Nudibranchs catalogue of Indo-Pacific sea slugs. Neville Coleman's Underwater Geographic Pty Ltd, 144p.
Coles, S.L., R.C. DeFelice, L.G. Eldredge and J.T. Carlton, 1999 Historical and recent introductions of non-indigenous marine species into Pearl Harbor, Oahu, Hawaiian Islands. Mar. Biol. 135:147-158.
Collin, R., M.C. Díaz, J. Norenburg, R.M. Rocha, J.A. Sánchez, M. Schulze, A. Schwartz and A. Valdés, 2005 Photographic identification guide to some common marine invertebrates of Bocas Del Toro, Panama. Caribbean Journal of Science. 41(3):638-707.
Costello, D.P. and C. Henley, 1971 Methods for obtaining and handling marine eggs and embryos. Marine Biological Laboratory, Woods Hole, MA (Second Edition).
Crosnier, A. and J.J. Tanter, 1999 Taxa Considered. Cycliophora. http://www.ees.adelaide.edu.au/people/enviro/gregr/Trochophore/Taxa.htm [accessed 07/12/2005].
Cusson, M., P. Archambault and A. Aitken, 2007 Biodiversity of benthic assemblages on the Arctic continental shelf: historical data form Canada. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 331:291-304.
da Rocha, R.M. and S.B. de Faria, 2005 Ascidians at Currais Islands, Paraña, Brazil: taxonomy and distribution. Biota Neotropica 5(2):1-20.
Dahl, L., 2002 Temporal, spatial and substrate dependent variations of Danish hard-bottom macrofauna. Helgol Mar Res 56:159-168.
Darcy, G.H., 1983 Synopsis of biological data on the pigfish, Orthopristis chrysoptera (Pisces: Haemulidae). FAO Fish. Synop. (134); NOAA Tech. Rep. NMFS Circ. (449).
Darr, A., M. Gogina and M.L. Zettler, 2014 Functional changes in benthic communities along a salinity gradient - a western Baltic case study. Journal of Sea Research 85:315-324.
Daumezon, G., 1909 Contribution a l'etude des Synascidies du golfe de Marseille. Bul. Sci. France-Belgique Paris 42:269-432.
Davis, M.H. and M.E. Davis, 2005 Styela clava (Tunicata: Ascidiacea) - a new addition to the fauna of the Portuguese coast. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 85:403-404.
de Faria, S.B., 2006 Padrão de distribuição de Ascidiacea (Tunicata) no Atlântico e regiões polares adjacentes: um enfoque através da análise parcimoniosa de endemicidade (PAE). Universidade Federal do Paraná MS Thesis.
de Kluijver, M.J. and S.S. Ingalsuo, 2006 Tunicata: Macrobenthos of the North Sea. Zoological Museum, University of Amsterdam. http://ip30.eti.uva.nl/bis/tunicata.php
Deibel, D., 2009 Personal Communication. Electronic Correspondence on March 5, 2009.
del Mundo, C.M., 2000 Philippine decapod crustacea. An illustrated handbook on the commercially important decapod crustacea of the Philippines. Fisheries Resources Evaluation and Environmental Services Division, Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources. Quezon City, Philippines. 83 p.
Denisenko, S.G., N.V. Denisenko, K.K. Lehtonen, A.B. Andersin and A.O. Laine, 2003 Macrozoobenthos of the Pechora Sea (SE Barents Sea): community structure and spatial distribution in relation to environmental conditions. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 258:109-123.
deRivera, C.E., G.M. Ruiz, J.A. Crooks, K. Wasson, S.I. Lonhart, P. Fofonoff, B.P. Steves, S.S. Rumrill, M.S. Bracato, W.S. Pegau, D.A. Bulthius, R.K. Priesler, G.C. Schooch, E. Bowlby, A. De Vogelaere, M.K. Crawford and …, 2005 L. Takata, K. Larson, T. Huber, A.M. Leyman, E. Collinetti, T. Pasco, S. Shull, M. Anderson and S. Powell. Broad-scale nonindigenous species monitoring along the west coast in national marine sanctuaries and national estuarine research reserves. National Fish and Wildlife Foundation.
Desroy, N., C. Warembourg, J. M. Dewarumez and J. C. Dauvin., 2002 Macrobenthic Resources of the Shallow Soft-bottom Sediments in the Eastern English Channel and Southern North Sea. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 60: 120-131.
Dettai, A., S.J. Adamowizc, L. Allcock, C.P. Arango, D.K. Barnes, I. Barratt, A. Chenuil, A. Couloux, C. Cruaud, B. David, F. Denis, G. Denys, A. Díaz, M. Eléaume, J.-P. Féral, A. Froger, C. Gallut, R. Grant, H.J. Griffiths and C. Held, 2011 DNA Barcoding and molecular systematics of the benthic and demersal organisms of the CEAMARC survey. Polar Science 117, 33 p.
Durkin, M.K., 1980 The Saleniinae in time and space. p. 3-14. In M. Jangoux (ed.) Echinoderms: Present and Past. Proceedings of the European Colloquim on Echinoderms, Brussels, 3-8 September 1979.
Elahi, R., 2012 Diversity and structure of subtidal rock walls in the Salish Sea: the roles of grazing, oceanography, and long-term change. Biology, Doctor of Philosophy, University of Washington, 151pp.
Epelbaum, A., T.W. Therriault, A. Paulson and C.M. Pearce, 2009 Botryllid tunicates: Culture techniques and experimental procedures. Aquatic Invasions 4 (1):111-120.
Faasse, M. and H. De Blauwe, 2002 De exotische samengestelde zakpijp Botrylloides violaceus Oka, 1927 in Nederland (Ascidiacea: Pleurogona: Styelidae) [The exotic colonial tunicate Botrylloides violaceus Oka, 1927 in the Netherlands (Ascidiacea: Pleurogona: Styelidae)]. Het Zeepaard 62(5):136-141.
FAO-FIES, 2007 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from http://www.fao.org/fishery/collection/asfis/1/en, [accessed 03/07/2008].
FAO-FIES, 2016 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from http://www.fao.org/fishery/collection/asfis/en, [accessed 15/04/2016].
Feder, H.M. and S.C. Jewett, 1977 Trawl survey of the epifaunal invertebrates of Norton Sound, southeastern Chukchi Sea, and Kotzebue Sound. Final Report to NOAA. R.U. No. 502. 148 p.
Feder, H.M., S.C. Jewett and A. Blanchard, 2005 Southeastern Chukchi sea (Alaska) epibenthos. Polar Biol 28:402-421.
Ferriter, A., B. Doren, R. Winston, D. Thayer, B. Miller, B. Thomas, M. Barrett, T. Pernas, S. Hardin, J. Lane, M. Kobza, D. Schmitz, M. Bodle, L. Toth, Pratt, P. Rodgers, S. Snow and C. Goodyear, 2008 Chapter 9: The Status of Nonindigenous Species in the South Florida Environment. 2008 South Florida Environmental Report.
Gabriele, M., V. Putrone and R. Brunetti, 1995 Morphometrics and energetic value of Adriatic ascidians. Cahiers de Biologie Marine 38:169-174.
Garilao, N., 2014 Baltic Sea species list. Personal communication, 25 April 2014. Provided excel file.
GBIF, 2015 Botryllus firmus Monniot & Monniot, 1996. http://www.biodiversityintelligence.org/occurrence/887009864 [Accessed 6/10/2015].
GBIF, 2015 Polycarpa clavata Hartmeyer, 1919. http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/245357951 [Accessed 6/10/2015].
George, J.D., 2012 Reef-associated macroinvertebrates of the SE Gulf. p. 253-308 In Riegl, B.M.; Purkis, S.J. (eds) 2012. Coral Reefs of the Gulf: adaptation to climatic extremes. Springer Science.
Glagolev, S.M., L.A. Abramova and A.A. Vedenin, 2006 The list of invertebrate animal species of the Chupa Bay (Kandalaksha Gulf, White Sea). The materials of the White Sea Expedition of Moscow Southwest High School Vol. 6. http://herba,su.ru/shipunov/belomor/english/2006/bespy-e.htm [Accessed 23/04/2007]
Glemarec, M. and C. Monniot, 1966 Repartition des Ascidies des fonds muebles de la cote sud de Bretagne. Cah. Biol. Mar. 7:343-366.
Gollasch, S. and S. Nehring, 2006 National checklist for aquatic alien species in Germany. Aquatic Invasions 1(4):245-269.
Goodbody, I., 2000 Diversity and distribution of ascidians (tunicata) in the Pelican Cays, Belize. Atoll Reseach Bulletin No. 480, p. 303-333.
Goodbody, I., 2003 The ascidian fauna of Port Royal, Jamaica I. Harbor and mangrove dwelling species. Bull. Mar. Sci. 73(2):457-476.
Goodbody, I., 2004 Diversity and distribution of ascidians (Tunicata) at Twin Cays, Belize. Atoll Research Bulletin 524:1-20.
Goodboy, I., 2004 Diversity and distribution of ascidians (tunicata) at Twin Cays, Belize. Atoll Reseach Bulletin No. 524. p. 1-19.
Gosner, K.L., 1978 A Field Guide to the Atlantic Seashore: Invertebrates and Seaweeds of the Atlantic Coast from the Bay of Fundy to Cape Hatteras (The Peterson Field Guide Series: 24). Houghton Miffin Company: Boston.
Gotshall, D.W., 2005 Guide to marine invertebrates: Alaska to Baja California, 2nd ed. (revised). Sea Challengers. 117 p.
Grebmeier, J.M., L.W. Cooper, H.M. Feder and B.I. Sirenko, 2006 Ecosystem dynamics of the Pacific-influenced Northern Bering and Chukchi Seas in the Amerasian Arctic. Progress in Oceanography 71:331-361.
Grey, E., 2008 Ascidians of Washington State: Native and Introduced. Retrieved on December 7, 2008 from http://home.uchicago.edu/~egrey/
Gutt, J., I. Barratt, E. Domack, C. d'Udekem d'Acoz, W. Dimmler, A. Gremare, O. Heilmayer, E. Isla, D. Janussen, E. Jorgensen, K.H. Kock, L.S. Lehnert, P. Lopez-Gonzales, S. Langner, K. Linse, M.E. Manjon-Cabeza and M. Meißner, 2011 Biodiversity change after climate-induced ice-shelf collapse in the Antarctic. Deep Sea Research Part II 58:74-83.
Hansson, H.G., 1989 NEAT (North East Atlantic Taxa): South Scandinavian marine Chordata check-list. http://www.tmbl.gu.se [accessed 05/04/2007]
Harms, J., 1993 Check list of species (algae, invertebrates and vertebrates) found in the vicinity of the island of Helgoland (North Sea, German Bight) - a review of recent records. Helgoländer Meeresunters 47:1-34.
Harris, L. and K. Irons, 1982 Substrate angle and prediction as determinants of fouling community succession. Pages 131-174 in j. Carins, editor. Artificial subtstrates. Ann Arbor Science Publishers, Ann Arbor, Michigan.
Harvey-Clark, C., 1997 Eastern tidepool and reef: north-central Atlantic marinelife guide. Hancock House Publishers, 64pp.
Häussermann, V. and G. Försterra, 2009 Marine benthic fauna of Chilean Patagonia. Santiago, Nature in Focus. 1000 p.
Hayward, P.J. and J.S. Ryland, 1990 The marine fauna of the British Isles and Northwest Europe, Vol 2. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
Hayward, P.J. and J.S. Ryland (eds.), 1990 The marine fauna of the British Isles and North-West Europe: 1. Introduction and protozoans to arthropods. Clarendon Press: Oxford, UK. 627 pp.
Hernández-Zanuy, A.C. and J.L. Carballo, 2001 Distribution and abundance of ascidian assemblages in Caribbean reef zones of the Golfo de Batabanó (Cuba). Coral Reefs 20:159-162.
Hibberd, T. and K. Moore, 2009 Field identification guide to Heard Island and McDonald Islands benthic invertebrates: a guide for scientific observers aboard fishing vessels. Kingston, Tas. : Australian Antarctic Division and Fisheries Research and Development Corporation (Australia), 152 p.
Hill, M., R. Baker, G. Broad, P.J. Chandler, G.H. Coop, J. Ellis, D. Jones, C. Hoyland, I. Laing, M. Longshaw, N. Moore, D. Parrott, D. Pearman, C. Preston, R.M. Smith and R. Waters, 2005 Audit of Non-native Species in England. English Nature Research Reports Number 662. 82 p.
Holthuis, L.B., 1974 The lobsters of the superfamily Nephropidea of the Atlantic Ocean (Crustacea: Decapoda). Biological results of the University of Miami deep-sea expeditions. 106. Bull. Mar. Sci. 24:723-884 + figures 1-35.
Holthuis, L.B., 1980 FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 1. Shrimps and prawns of the world. An annotated catalogue of species of interest to fisheries. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(1):271 p. Rome: FAO.
Hong, S.Y., K.Y. Park, C.W. Park, C.H. Han, H.L. Suh, S.G. Yun, C.B. Song, S.G. Jo, H.S. Lim, Y.S. Kang, D.J. Kim, C.W. Ma, M.H. Son, H.K. Cha, K.B. Kim, S.D. Choi, K.Y. Park, C.W. Oh, D.N. Kim, H.S. Shon, J.N. Kim et al., 2006 Marine invertebrates in Korean coasts. Republic of Korea, Academy Publishing Company, Inc. 479 p.
Huisman, J.M., D.S. Jones, F.E. Wells and T. Burton, 2008 Introduced marine biota in Western Australian waters. Records of the Western Australian Museum 25(1):1-44.
Hull, S., 1995 The underwater biology of Filey Brigg: preliminary report 1995. www.fileybrigg.com/Spitt1.pdf [accessed 02/12/07]
Huntsman, A.G., 1912 Ascidians from the coasts of Canada. Toronto Trans. Canad. Inst. 9:111-148.
Jagerskiold, L.A., 1971 A Survey of the Marine Benthoic Macrofauna along the Swedish West Coast 1921-1938. Acta Regiae Societatis Scientiarum et Litterarum Gothoburgensis. Zoologica 6:1-146.
Jennings, S., J. Lancaster, A. Woolmer and J. Cotter, 1999 Distribution, diversity and abundance of epibenthic fauna in the North Sea. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the UK 79:385-399.
Kalk, M., 1958 The fauna of the intertidal rocks at Inhaca Island, Delagoa Bay. Annals of the Natal Museum 14:189-242.
Kangas, M.I., S. Morrison, P. Unsworth, E. Lai, I. Wright and A. Thomson, 2006 Development of biodiversity and habitat monitoring systems for key trawl fisheries in Western Australia. Final FRDC Report - Project 2002/038.
Konar, B. and A.M. Ravelo, 2013 Epibenthic community variability on the Alaskan Beaufort Sea continental shelf. Final Report May 2013, OCS Study BOEM 2013-01148, 48p.
Kott, P., 1969 Antarctic Ascidiacea. Vol. 13, Antarctic Research Series. American Geophysical Union, Publication 1725, Washington DC. 239 pp.
Kott, P., 2005 Catalogue of Tunicata in Australian Waters. Queensland Museum, Brisbane, Australia Department of the Environment and Heritage.
Kott, P., 2005 Novel Australian Polyzoinae (Styelidae, Tunicata). Journal of Natural History 39(32):2997-3011.
Kott, P., 2003 New syntheses and new species in the Australian ascidiacea. Journal of Natural History 37(13):1611-1653.
Kott, P. and I. Goodbody, 1982 The ascidians of Hong Kong. Proceedings of the International Marine Biological Workshop 1(1):503-554.
Lamb, A., D. Gibbs and C. Gibbs, 2011 Strait of Georgia biodiversity in relation to bull kelp abundance. Pacific Fisheries Resource Conservation Council, 111p.
Lambert, C.C. and G. Lambert, 2003 Persistence and differential distribution of nonindigenous ascidians in harbors of the Southern California Bight. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 259:145-161.
Lambert, C.C. and G. Lambert, 1998 Non-indigenous ascidians in southern California harbours and marinas. Mar. Biol. 130:675-688.
Lambert, G., 2003 New records of ascidians from the NE Pacific: a new species of trididemnum, range extension and redescription of Aplidiopsis pannosum (Ritter, 1899) including its larva, and several non-indigenous species. Zoosystema 25(4):665-679.
Lambert, G., 1993 Three new species of stolidobranch ascidians (Chordata: Ascidiacea) from the California continental shelf. Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences, 48(4):109-118.
Lambert, G. and K. Sanamyan, 2001 Distaplia alaskensis sp.nov. (Ascidiacea, Aplousobranchia) and other new ascidian records from south-central Alaska, with a redescription of Ascidia columbiana (Huntsman, 1912). Can. J. Zool. 79:1766-1781.
Lamerato, A., 2001 Limulus polyphemus. Animal Diversity Web (accessed 9-12-2005).
Leewis, R., 2002 Flora en fauna van de zee [Marine flora and fauna]. Veldgids, 16. KNNV Uitgeverij: Utrecht, The Netherlands. 320 pp.
LeGresley, M.M., J.L. Martin, P. McCurdy and B. Thorpe, 2008 Non-indigenous tunicate species in the Bay of Fundy, eastern Canada. ICES J. Mar. Sci. 65:770-774.
Levine, N.D., 1981 New species of Lankestria (Apicomplexa, Eugregarinida) from ascidians on the Central California Coast. The Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology 28(3):363-370.
Macdonald, T.A., B.J. Burd, V.I. Macdonald and A. van Roodselaar, 2010 Taxonomic and feeding guild classification for the marine benthic macroinvertebrates of the Strait of Georgia, British Columbia. Canadian Technical Report of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 2874:62p.
Macintyre, I.G., I. Goodbody, K. Ruetzler, D.S. Littler and M.M. Littler, 2000 A general biological and geological survey of the rims of ponds in the major mangrove islands of the Pelican Cays, Belize. Atoll Research Bulletin 467:13-44.
Macpherson, E., 1990 Crustacea Decapoda: on a collection of Nephropidae from the Indian Ocean and Western Pacific. Résultats des campagnes Musorstom. Vol. 6. Mémoires du Muséum National d' Historie Naturelle (Paris, Zoologie) 145:289-329 + figures 1-17.
MarBEF, 2006 MarBEF Data System. http://www.marbef.org/data/erms.php[accessed June 26, 2006]
Marine Invader Database (Marine ID), 2008 Marine Invader Database. http://www.marineid.org/marine/html/index.html
MarineSpecies.org, 2050 MarineSpecies.org. http://www.marinespecies.org/index.php
Marliave, J.B., C.J. Gibbs, D.M. Gibbs, A.O. Lamb and S.J.F. Young, 2011 Biodiversity stability of shallow marine benthos in Strait of Georgia, British Columbia, Canada through climate regimes, overfishing and ocean acidification. pp. 49-74, In Grillo, O. (ed.), Biodiversity Loss in a Changing Planet, PhD.
Mastrototaro, F. and A. Tursi, 2006 Ascidiacea. In Revisione della Checklist della fauna marina italiana. http://www.sibm.unige.it/CHECKLIST/principalechecklist.htm
McClintock, J.B., J. Heine, M. Slattery and J. Weston, 1991 Biochemical and energetic composition, population biology, and chemical defense of the Antarctic ascidian Cnemidocarpa verrucosa Lesson. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 147:163-175.
Michaelsen, W., 1918 Die Ptychobranchen und Diktyobranchen Ascidien des westlichen Indischen Ozeans. Jahrb. Hamburg wiss. Anst. Hamburg 2 Beih. 35:1-71.
Millar, R.H., 1953 Ascidians from the Gold Coast. Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 123:277-325.
Millar, R.H., 1962 Further descriptions of South African ascidians. Ann. S. Afr. Mus. 46(7):113-221.
Millar, R.H., 1982 The marine fauna of New Zealand: Ascidiacea. New Zealand Oceanographic Institute Memoir 85:1-117.
Millar, R.H., 1959 Ascidiacea. Galathea Report: Scientific Results of the Danish Deep-Sea Expedition Round the World 1950-52 1:189-210.
Millar, R.H., 1988 Ascidians collected during the International Indian Ocean Expedition. J. Nat. Hist. 22:823-848.
Millar, R.H., 1955 On a collection of ascidians from South Africa. Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 125(1):169-221.
Millar, R.H., 1962 Some ascidians from the Caribbean. Natuurwet. Stud. Suriname (26):61-77.
Millar, R.H., 1966 Port Philip Survey 1957-1963. Ascidiacea. Mem. Natn. Mus. Vict. (27):357-384.
Millar, R.H., 1958 Some ascidians from Brazil. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. 1(13):497-514.
Millar, R.H., 1975 Ascidians from the Indo-West Pacific region in the zoological museum, Copenhagen (Tunicata, Ascidiacea). Steenstrupia 3(20):205-336.
Millar, R.H., 1970 Ascidians, including specimens from the deep sea, collected by the R. V. 'Verna' and now in the American Museum of Natural History. Zool. J. Linn. Soc. 49:99-159.
Millar, R.H., 1959 Undersokningar over Oresund. XXXIX. On a small collection of ascidians from the Oresund and southeastern Kattegatt. Acta Univ. Lund. N. S. 56(1):1-17.
Millar, R.H., 1961 Ascidians from Mozambique. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. 4(13):11-16.
Millar, R.H., 1965 Ascidians from the tropical coast of West Africa. Atlantide Rep 8:247-255.
Millar, R.H., 1977 Ascidians (Tunicata: Ascidiacea) from the northern and northeastern Brazilian shelf. Journal nat. Hist. 11(2):169-223.
Miller, D.J. and E.E. Ball, 2005 Animal evolution: the enigmatic phylum Placozoa revisited. Current Biology 15(1):26-28.
Minchin, D., 2007 A checklist of alien and cryptogenic aquatic species in Ireland. Aquatic Invasions 2(4):341-366.
Monniot, C and F. Monniot, 1983 Ascidies Antarctiques et Subantarctiques: Morphologie et Biogéographie. Mémoires du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris A(Zoologie)125:1-168, 27 figs., 7 pls.
Monniot, C., 1978 Ascidies Phlebobranches et Stolidobranches du sud de l'Ocean Indien. Ann. Inst. Oceanogr., Paris 54(2):171-224.
Monniot, C., 1997 Tuniciers abyssaux de l'Atlantique oriental tropical récoltés par les campagnes EUMELI. Cahiers de Biologie Marine 38:19-27.
Monniot, C., 1994 Quelques ascidies récoltées par le M. S. << Marion-Dufresne>> (Campagne Jasus, Réunion et Brésil). Vie Milieu 44(3-4):229-242.
Monniot, C., 1988 Ascidies de Nouvelle-Calédonie. IV: Styelidae. Bulletin du Muséum national d'histoire naturelle. Section A, Zoologie, biologie et écologie animales 10(2):163-196.
Monniot, C., 2002 Stolidobranch ascidians from the tropical western Indian Ocean. Zooligical Journal of the Linnean 135:65-120.
Monniot, C., 1973 Redescription de six Ascidies du golfe d'Elat recoltées par H. Schuhmacher. [Redescription of six ascidians from the Gulf of Eilat, collected by H. Schuhmacher.]. Isr. J. Zool. 22:51-62.
Monniot, C., 1992 Ascidies de Nouvelle-Calédonie XI. Phlébobranches et stolidobranches du plateau des Chesterfield. Bulletin du Muséum national d'histoire naturelle. Section A, Zoologie, biologie et écologie animales 14(1):3-22.
Monniot, C., 1998 Abyssal ascidians collected from the proximity of hydrothermal vents in the Pacific Ocean. Bull. Mar. Sci. 63(3):541-558.
Monniot, C., 1973 Ascidies Phlébobranches et Stolidobranches des iles Kerguelen récoltées. pp. 59-74 In Grua, P. 1973. Invertébrés de l'infralittoral Rocheux dans l'Archipel de Kerguelen. Comité National Français des Recherches Antarctiques 2(32):1-74.
Monniot, C. and F. Monniot, 1975 Abyssal tunicates: an ecological paradox. Ann. Inst. Océanogr 51(1):99-129.
Monniot, C. and F. Monniot, 1991 Tunicata: peuplements d'ascidies profondes en Nouvelle-Caledonie. Diversite des strategies adaptatives. Memoires du Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle Serie A Zoologie 151:357-448.
Monniot, C. and F. Monniot, 1985 Tuniciers profonds de l'océan Indien: campagnes SAFARI du << Marion Dufrense>>. Bulletin of National d'Histoire Naturelle Series 7, Section A(2):279-308.
Monniot, C. and F. Monniot, 1987 Abundance and distribution of tunicates on the northern continental slope of the Gulf of Mexico. Bull. Mar. Sci. 41(1):36-44.
Monniot, C. and F. Monniot, 1994 Ascidians collected in the Weddell Sea by the RV "Polarstern" (EPOS cruise leg 3). Bulletin of Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle Series 16, Section A(1):13-37.
Monniot, C. and F. Monniot, 1976 Ascidies de la Côte du Mozambique. [Ascidians from the Mozambique coast.]. Rev. Zool. Afr. (1974) 90(2):357-392.
Monniot, C. and F. Monniot, 1997 Records of ascidians from Bahrain, Arabian Gulf with three new species. Journal of Natural History 31(11):1623-1643.
Monniot, C. and F. Monniot, 1994 Additions to the inventory of eastern tropical Atlantic ascidians; arrival of cosmopolitan species. Bull. Mar. Sci. 54(1):71-93.
Monniot, C. and F. Monniot, 1992 Ascidies des seamounts lusitaniens (campagne Seamount I). Bulletin of Natural History A(3-4):591-603.
Monniot, C. and F. Monniot, 1968 Les Ascidies de grandes profundeurs récoltées par le navire océanographique américain Atlantis II. Bulletin Inst. Océanogr. Monaco, 67:1-48.
Monniot, C. and F. Monniot, 1973 Ascidies des iles Kerguelen récoltées par P.M. Arnaud. Tethys 5(4):715-734.
Monniot, C. and F. Monniot, 1982 Biology of the Antarctic seas 10. some Antarctic deep-sea tunicates in the smithsonian collections. Antarctic Research Series 32(Paper 4):95-130.
Monniot, C. and F. Monniot, 1987 Les ascidies de Polynesie francaise. Memoires du Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle Serie A Zoologie 136:1-156.
Monniot, C. and F. Monniot, 1970 Quelques ascidies de l'Adriatique. Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle Series 2(6):1189-1199.
Monniot, C. and F. Monniot, 1987 Ascidies (Ciones et Violets). 742-760. In W. Fisher, M. Schneider and M.L. Bauchot (eds.). Fiches FAO d'identification des espèces pour les besoins de la pêche Méditerranée et Mer Noire Zone de pêche 37 Révision 1 Vol. 1 Végetaux et invertébrés. FAO, Rome.
Monniot, C., F. Monniot and R.H. Millar, 1976 An account of six species of abyssal Styelidae (Ascidiacea), three of which are new species. Deep-Sea Research 23:1187-1197.
Monniot, F., 1974 Ascidies littorales et bathyales récoltées au cours de la campagne Biaçores: Aplousobranches. Bull Mus Natn Hist nat 3 sér 251(173):1287-1325.
Monniot, F., 2006 Some comments on the Ascidian of New Caledonia. pp. 305-312 In Payri, C.E., Richer de Forges, B. (eds.), Compendium of Marine Species of New Caledonia. Doc. Sci. Tech. II7, seconde édition, IRD Nouméa.
Monniot, F., 1971 Les ascidies des grandes profondeurs récoltées par les navires Atlantis 2 et Chain: 3e note. Cah. Biol. Mar. 12(4):457-469.
Monniot, F. and C. Monniot, 2003 Asicidies de la pente externe et bathyales de l'ouest Pacifique. Zoosystema 25(4):681-749.
Monniot, F. and C. Monniot, 1996 New collections of ascidians from the Western Pacific and Southeastern Asia. Micronesica 29:133-279.
Monniot, F. and C. Monniot, 2001 Ascidians from the tropical western Pacific. Zoosystema 23(2):248-336.
Monniot, F. and C. Monniot, 1976 Tuniciers abyssaux du bassin argentin recoltes par l'' Atlantis 2'. Bulletin Mus. Natn. Hist. nat. Paris 269:629-662.
Monniot, F., A. Dettai, M. Eleaume, C. Cruaud and N. Ameziane, 2011 Antarctic ascidians (Tunicata) of the French-Australian survey CEAMARC in Terre Adélie. Zootaxa 2817:1-54.
Morri, C., C.N. Bianchi, S. Cocito, A. Peirano, A.M. De Biase, S. Aliani, M. Pansini, M. Boyer, F. Ferdeghini, M Pestarino and P. Dando, 1999 Biodiversity of marine sessile epifauna at an Aegean island subject to hydrothermal activity: Milos, eastern Mediterranean Sea. Mar. Biol. 135:729-739.
Müller, Y., 2004 Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire. [Coastal fauna and flora of the Nord, Pas-de-Calais and Belgium: inventory]. Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France. 307 pp.
Murray, J., 1896 On the deep and shallow-water marine fauna of the Kerguelen region of the Great Southern Ocean. Challenger Expedition 343-500 p.
Newberry, A.T., 1984 Dendrodoa (Styelopsis) abbotti, sp. nov. (Styelidae, Ascidiacea) from the Pacific coast of the United States, and its impact on some gonadal criteria of its genus and subgenus. California Academy of Sciences, Series 4.
Nishikawa, T., 1991 The ascidians of the Japan Sea. 2. Publications of the Seto Marine Biological Laboratory 35 (1-3) 1999:25-170.
Nishikawa, T., 1986 Some ascidians dredged around the Oki Islands, the Japan Sea. Memoirs of the National Science Museum (19):175-184.
NOAA, 2003 Alaska Groundfish Fisheries. Draft Programmatic Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement. US Department of Commerce, NOAA, NMFS.
O'Connor, M., C. Hawkins and D. K. Loomis, 2008 A manual of previously recorded non-indigenous invasive and native transplanted animal species of the Laurentian Great Lakes and coastal United States. NOAA Technical Memorandum NOS NCCOS 77, 82 pp.
OBIS, 2016 Botryllus gregalis (Sluiter, 1898). OBIS Search Interface. http://www.iobis.org/mapper/ [Accessed 5/18/2016].
Ohgaki, S., 2001 Distribution of intertidal macrobenthos around Hatakejima Island, 1993. Argonauta 5:32-47(2001).
Parisi, B., 1917 Galatheidea e Reptantia. I Decapodi Giapponesi del Museo di Milano, V. Atti Società Italiana Scienze naturali Milano 56:1-24 + figure 1-7.
Pechenik, J.A., 2005 Biology of the Invertebrates. Fifth Edition. Mc-Graw-Hill. New York, USA. 590 p.
Peres, J.M., 1958 Origine et affinites du peuplement en Ascidies de la Mediterranee. Rapp. Comm. Int. Mer medit. 14:493-502.
PersComm Ashleigh via K. Ma, 2009 NA. Retrieved on April 14, 2009 from Ashleigh via e-mail.
Piepenburg, D., M.K. Schmid and D. Gerdes, 2002 The benthos off King George Island (South Shetland Islands, Antarctica): further evidence for a lack of a latitudinal biomass cline in the Southern ocean. Polar Biol. 25:146-158.
Plough, H.H., 1978 Sea Squirts of the Atlantic Continental Shelf from Maine to Texas. The John Hopkins University Press: Baltimore, Maryland.
Polk, P., 1976 Inventarisatie plankton: fauna en flora [Plankton inventory : fauna and flora]. In Nihoul, J.C.J.; De Coninck, L. (Ed.) (1976).Project Sea final report:7. Inventory of fauna and flora. Project Sea final report, 7: pp. 233-311.
Poore, G.C.B., 1968 Succession of a wharf-pile fauna at Lyttelton, New Zealand. N. Z. Jl mar. Freshwat. Res. 2(4):577-590.
Primo, C and E. Vásquez, 2007 Zoogeography of the Antarctic ascidian fauna in relation to the sub-Antarctic and South America. Antarc. Sci. 19(3):321-336.
Primo, C and E. Vásquez, 2009 Antarctic ascidians: an isolated and homogeneous fauna. Polar Research 28:403-414.
Primo, C. and E. Vazquez, 2004 Zoogeography of the southern African ascidian fauna. Journal of Biogeography 31:1987-2009.
Puget Sound Action Team., 2007 2007 Puget Sound Update: ninth report of the Puget Sound ambient monitoring program, Puget Sound Action Team, Olympia, WA. http://wdfw.wa.gov/publications/01051/wdfw01051.pdf [Accessed 22 January 2014].
Ramos-Esplá, A.A., J.A. Cárcel and M. Varela, 2005 Zoogeographical relationships of the littoral ascidiofauna around the Antarctic Peninsula, in the Scotia Arc and in the Magellan region. Sci. Mar. 69:215-223.
Rauschert, M. and W.E. Arntz, 2015 Antarctic macrobenthos: a field guide of the invertebrates living at the Antarctic seafloor. Arntz & Rauschert Selbstverlag, Wurster Nordseekueste, Germany, 143p.
Retamal, M.A., 2002 Odontodactylus hawaiiensis Manning, 1967 (Stomatopoda, Gonodactylidae) in Chilean waters. Gayana 66(1):73-75.
Rios, M., 1985 Ascidias (Ascidiacea, Tunicata) de la isla de Fuerteventura. Vieraea 15(1-2):123-138.
Ritter, W.E. and R.A. Forsyth, 1917 Ascidians of the littoral zone of southern California. Berkeley, Univ. Calif. Publ. Zool. 16:439-612.
Rocha, R.M., E. Guerra-Castro, C. Lira, S.M. Pauls, I. Hernandez, A. Perez, A. Sardi, J. Perez, C. Herrera, A.K. Carbonini, V. Caraballo, D. Salazar, M.C. Diaz and J.J. Cruz-Motta, 2010 Inventory of ascidians (Tunicata, Ascidiacea) from the National Park La Restinga, Isla Margarita, Venezuela. Biota Neotrop. 10(1):209-218.
Rocha, R.M., S.B. Faria and T.R. Moreno, 2005 Ascidians from Bocas del Toro, Panama. I. Biodiversity. Caribbean Journal of Science 41(3):600-612.
Rodrigues, S. de Almeida, 1966 Notes on Brazilian ascidians. 1. Papeis Dep. Zool. S. Paulo 19:95-115.
Ruppert, E.E., R.S. Fox and R.D. Barnes, 2004 Invertebrate Zoology. A functional evolutionary approach. 7th Ed. Brooks/Cole, Thomson Learning learning, Inc. 990 p.
Sanamyan, K., 1997 Ascidians of Commander Islands. pp. 254-270. In Rzhavskii, A.V. [Ed.]. Donnaya flora I fauna shelfa Komandorskikh ostrovov. Benthic flora and fauna of the shelf zone of the Commander Islands. Dalnauka. Vladivostok. Pp.1-270.
Sanamyan, K. and D. Schories, 2004 Ascidians from Peru. Spixiana 27(3):193-197.
Sanamyan, K.E. and N.P. Sanamyan, 1999 Some benthic Tunicata from the southern Indo-Pacific Ocean. Journal of Natural History 33:1835-1876.
Sanamyan, K.E. and N.P. Sanamyan, 2002 Deep-water ascidians from the south-western Atlantic (RV Dmitry Mendeleev, cruise 43 and Academic Kurchatov, cruise 11). Journal of Natural History 36:305-359.
Sanamyan, K.E. and N.P. Sanamyan, 2006 Deep-water ascidians (Tunicata: Ascidiacea) from the northern and western Pacific. Journal of Natural History 40(5-6):307-344.
Sanamyan, K.E. and N.P. Sanamyan, 2005 Deep-water ascidians from the North Atlantic (RV Academic Keldysh, cruise 46 and 49). Journal of Natural History 39(22):2005-2021.
Schaal, G., P. Riera and C. Leroux, 2010 Trophic ecology in a northern Brittany (Batz Island, France) kelp (Laminaria digitata) forest, as investigated through stable isotopes and chemical assays. Journal of Sea Research 63(1):24-35.
Sept, J.D., 2008 Common seashore creatures of the Pacific Northwest. Canada, Calypso Publishing, 95p.
Sluiter, C.P., 1905 Tuniciers recueiillies en 1904 par M. Ch. Gravier, dans le golfe de Tadjourah (Somalie française). [Tunicata collected in 1904 by M. Ch. Gravier, in the Gulf of Tadjourah (French Somalia).]. Mémoires de la société zoologique de France 18:5-21.
Smith, S.I., 1885 On some genera and species of Penaeidae, mostly from recent dredgings of the United States Fish Commission. Proceedings of the U.S. National Museum 8(11/12):170-190.
Smithsonian Institution, 2016 Bathystyeloides mexicanus Monniot and Monniot, 1987. http://collections.si.edu/search/results.htm?q=Bathystyeloides%09mexicanus [Accessed 08/04/2016].
Smithsonian Institution, 2016 Botryllus niger (Herdman). http://collections.si.edu/search/results.htm?q=Botryllus%09niger [Accessed 05/25/2016].
Smithsonian Institution, 2016 Dicarpa simplex Millar, 1955. http://collections.si.edu/search/results.htm?q=Dicarpa%09simplex [Accessed 08/04/2016].
Smithsonian Institution, 2015 Eusynstyela latericius (Sluiter, 1984). http://collections.si.edu/search/results.htm?q=Eusynstyela%09latericius [Accessed 01/15/2015].
Smithsonian Institution, 2015 Polycarpa argentata (Sluiter, 1890). http://collections.si.edu/search/results.htm?q=Polycarpa%09argentata [Accessed 01/15/2015].
Smithsonian Institution, 2015 Polycarpa aurata (Quoy and Gaimard, 1834). http://collections.si.edu/search/results.htm?q=Polycarpa%09aurata [Accessed 01/15/2015].
Smithsonian Institution, 2015 Polycarpa aurita (Sluiter, 1890). http://collections.si.edu/search/results.htm?q=Polycarpa%09aurita [Accessed 01/15/2015].
Smithsonian Institution, 2015 Polycarpa contecta (Sluiter, 1904). http://collections.si.edu/search/results.htm?q=Polycarpa%09contecta [Accessed 01/15/2015].
Smithsonian Institution, 2015 Polycarpa contecta (Sluiter, 1904). http://collections.si.edu/search/record/nmnhinvertebratezoology_619973 [Accessed 6/10/2015].
Smithsonian Institution, 2014 Polycarpa cryptocarpa (Sluiter). http://collections.si.edu/search/results.htm?q=Polycarpa%09cryptocarpa [Accessed 12/02/2014].
Smithsonian Institution, 2015 Polycarpa insulsa (Sluiter). http://collections.si.edu/search/results.htm?q=Polycarpa%09insulsa [Accessed 01/15/2015].
Smithsonian Institution, 2015 Polycarpa papillata (Sluiter, 1885). http://collections.si.edu/search/results.htm?q=Polycarpa%09papillata [Accessed 01/15/2015].
Smithsonian Institution, 2015 Polycarpa papillata (Sluiter, 1885). http://collections.si.edu/search/tag/tagDoc.htm?recordID=nmnhinvertebratezoology_619947&hlterm=Polycarpa%09papillata [Accessed 6/4/2015].
Smithsonian Institution, 2015 Polycarpa papillata (Sluiter, 1885). http://collections.si.edu/search/tag/tagDoc.htm?recordID=nmnhinvertebratezoology_613952&hlterm=Polycarpa%09papillata [Accessed 6/4/2015].
Smithsonian Institution, 2015 Polycarpa pedunculata Heller, 1878. http://collections.si.edu/search/results.htm?q=Polycarpa%09pedunculata [Accessed 01/15/2015].
Smithsonian Institution, 2016 Polycarpa pseudoalbatrossi Monniot and Monniot. http://collections.si.edu/search/results.htm?q=Polycarpa%09pseudoalbatrossi [Accessed 08/04/2016].
Smithsonian Institution, 2015 Polycarpa rima Monniot and Monniot, 1996. http://collections.si.edu/search/results.htm?q=Polycarpa%09rima [Accessed 01/15/2015].
Smithsonian Institution, 2014 Polycarpa tumida (Heller). http://collections.si.edu/search/results.htm?q=Polycarpa%09tumida [Accessed 12/02/2014].
Smithsonian Institution, 2014 Styela canopus (Savigny). http://collections.si.edu/search/results.htm?q=Styela%09canopus [Accessed 12/02/2014].
Smithsonian Institution, 2015 Styela clavata (Pallas, 1774). http://collections.si.edu/search/results.htm?q=Styela%09clavata [Accessed 01/15/2015].
Smithsonian Institution, 2015 Symplegma brakenhielmi (Michaelsen, 1904). http://collections.si.edu/search/results.htm?q=Symplegma%09brakenhielmi [Accessed 01/15/2015].
Smithsonian Institution, 2015 Symplegma rubra Monniot, 1972. http://collections.si.edu/search/results.htm?q=Symplegma%09rubra [Accessed 01/15/2015].
Smithsonian Institution, 2015 Symplegma viride Herdman, 1886. http://collections.si.edu/search/results.htm?q=Symplegma%09viride [Accessed 01/15/2015].
Southern Ocean Mollusc Database (SOMBASE), 2011 British Antarctic Survey, SOMBASE. Accessed through GBIF data portal, http://data.gbif.org/datasets/resource/66, 2011-07-15.
Streftaris, N., A. Zenetos and E. Papathanassiou, 2005 Globalisation in marine ecosystems: the story of non-indigenous marine species across European seas. Oceanogr. Mar. Biol. Ann. Rev. 43:419-453.
Switzer, S. and K.C.K. Ma, 2009 Personal Observations. Fouling specimens photographed on February 21, 2009, at Bamfield Marine Science Centre.
Tapparone-Canefri, C., 1873 Intorno ad una nuova specie di Nephrops genere di Crostacei Decapodi Macruri. Memorie R. Accademia Scienze Torino (2)27:325-329 + plate 1.
Tatian, M., R.J. Sahade, M.E. Doucet and G.B. Esnal, 1998 Ascidians (tunicata, ascidiacea) of Potter cove, South Shetland Islands, Antarctica. Antarc. Sci. 10(2):147-152.
Telnes, K., 2008 Marine fauna gallery of Norway. http://www.seawater.no/fauna/index.htm
Tokioka, T., 1972 On a small collection of ascidians from the Pacific coast of Costa Rica. Seto mar. biol. Lab 19(2):383-408.
Tokioka, T., 1963 Contributions to Japanese Ascidian fauna. XX. The outline of Japanese ascidian fauna as compared with that of the Pacific Coasts of North America. Publ. Seto mar. Biol. Lab. 11:131-156.
Tokioka, T., 1967 Pacific Tunicata of the United States National Museum. Bull. U.S. natn. Mus. 251:1-247.
Tokioka, T., 1953 Invertebrate fauna of the intertidal zone and the Tokara islands. I. Introductory notes, with the outline of the shore and the fauna. II. Record of the stranded floating animals. VII. Ascidians. Publ. Seto Mar. biol. Lab 3(2):123-139.
Tracey, D.M., O.F. Anderson, M.R. Clark and M.D. Olver (Comps.), 2005 A guide to common deepsea invertebrates in New Zealand waters. New Zealand Aquatic Environment and Biodiversity Report No. 1. 160 p.
Turon, X., 2010 Ascidians. pp. 303-310 In Coll, M., et al., 2010. The biodiversity of the Mediterranean Sea: estimates, patterns, and threats. PLoS ONE 5(8):36pp.
van der Spoel, S., 1895 Catalogue of the type specimens of Tunicate in the zoological museum in Amsterdam. Bull. Zool. Mus. Univ. Amsterdam 1:157-176.
van Name, W.G., 1918 Ascidians from the Philippines and adjacent waters. Washington Smithsonian Inst. U.S. Nat. Mus. Bull. 100:49-174.
Van Name, W.G., 1945 The north and south American ascidians. Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. 84:1-476.
Vasseur, P., 1974 Ascidies des iles Kerguelen recoltées par J.C. Hureau. Tethys 5:735-746
VLIZ, Flanders Marine Institute, 2005 Aphia Taxon details: Achlyonice ecalcarea Théel, 1879. http://www.vliz.be/cgi-bin/aphi2web.exe?action=taxon&id=17410 [accessed 15 December 2005].
Voss, G.L., 1976 Seashore Life of Florida and the Caribbean: A Guide to the Common Marine Invertebrates of the Atlantic from Bermuda to the West Indies and of the Gulf of Mexico. E. A. Seeman Publishing, Inc.: Miami, Florida.
Wacasey, J.W., 1975 Biological productivity of the Southern Beaufort Sea: zoobenthic studies. Beaufort Sea Technical Report 12b, 42p.
Wacasey, J.W. and E.G. Atkinson, 1987 Energy values of marine benthic invertebrates from the Canadian Arctic. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 39:243-250.
Wasson, K., 2006 Personal Communication. Excel file "Elkhorn Invertebrate Database," dataset from RefNo 47.
Watanabe, H. and T. Tokioka, 1972 Two new species and one possibly new race of social styelids from Sagami Bay with remarks on their life history, especially the mode of budding. Publications of the Seto Marine Biological Laboratory 5(22):327-345.
Wells, F.E., 2002 Molluscs of the Raja Ampat Islands, Papua province, Indonesia. In McKenna.
White, A.T., 2001 Philippine Coral Reef: A Natural History Guide. Bookmark Inc. and SUlu Fund for Marine Conservation Foundation, Inc., Manila, 276 pp.
Wood, E. and M. Aw, 2002 Reef Fishes, Corals and Invertebrates of the South China Sea: Including Thailand, Hong Kong, China, Malaysia, Taiwan, Singapore, Indonesia and the Philippines. Bloomsbury Academic.
Wu, R.S.S. and P.K.S. Shin, 1997 Sediment characteristics and colonization of soft-bottom benthos: a field manipulation experiment. Mar. Biol. 128:475-487.
www.reeflex.net, 2017 Sea Squirts (129). http://www.reeflex.net/kategorie/74.html [Accessed 04/01/2017].
www.reeflex.net, 2015 Polycarpa clavata. http://www.reeflex.net/tiere/2957_Polycarpa_clavata.htm [Accessed 03/30/2015].
Yasunori, S. and N. Naoko, 2003 Studies on Japanese botryllid ascidians. III. A new species of the genus Botryllus with a vivid colony color from the vicinity of Shimoda. Zoological Science 20:765-771.
Young, C.M. and E. Vazquez, 1997 Agnezia monnioti and Styele gagetyleri, new deep-sea ascidians specialized for life and below the oxygen minimum layer in the Arabian Sea. Invertebrate Biology 116(3):262-276.
Young, C.M. and E. Vazquez, 1995 Morphology, larval development, and distribution of Bathypera feminalba n.sp. (ascidiacea: pyuridae), a deep-water ascidian from the fjords and sounds of British Columbia. Invertebrate Biology 114(1):89-106.
Zettler, M.L. and F. Gosselck, 2006 Benthic assessment of marine areas of particular ecological importance within the German Baltic Sea EEZ. Progress in Marine Conservation in Europe, Chapter 8:141-156.
Zhou, H. and B. Morton, 2004 The diets of juvenile horseshoe crabs, Tachypleus tridentatus and Carcinoscorpius rotundicauda (Xiphosura), from nursery beaches proposed for conservation in Hong Kong. Journal of Natural History 38(15):1915-1925.
 
Page created by Kit 2008-05-08
Converted to PHP by Kit 2008-05-08
Last modified by Kit 2010-04-19