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References used for species in the Family Octopodidae
( octopuses )
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[ n = 416 ] 
Abad, E., A. Serrano, I. Preciado, F. Sánchez and A. Punzón, 2008 Spatial distribution patterns of molluscs assemblages in soft bottoms off Galician and Cantabrian shelf. Poster for the XV Simpósio Ibérico de Estudos de Biologia Marinha 9 - 13 de Setembro, Funchal, 2008.
Abbott, D.P. and E.C. Haderlie, 1980 Intertidal invertebrates of California. Stanford University Press, 690 p.
Adams, A., J. Andersen, K. Huynh, V. Sours, N. Waldron and U. Raiders, 2050 A proposition for an octopus fishery in the Aleutian Islands. Unalaska City High School. Retrieved from
Agudo-Padrón, A.I., 2015 Inventario sistemático revisado y actualizado de los moluscos marinos ocurrentes en el Estado de Santa Catarina, Brasil. Revista Brasileira de Gestão Ambiental e Sustentabilidade 2(2):59-75.
Akyol, O. and H. Şen, 2007 A new maximum size for Eledone moschata (Cephalopoda: Octopodidae). JMBA2-Biodiversity Records.
Alejo-Plata, M. del C. and S.H. Alejo, 2014 First description of eggs and paralarvae of green octopus Octopus hubbsorum (Cephalopoda:Octopodidae) under laboratory conditions. Amer. Malac. Bull. 32(1):132.139.
Allcock, A.L., 2005 On the confusion surrounding Pareledone charcoti (Joubin, 1905) (Cephalopoda: Octopodidae): endemic radiation in the Southern Ocean. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 143:75-108.
Allcock, A.L., F.G. Hochberg, P.G.K. Rodhouse and J.P. Thorpe, 2003 Adelieledone, a new genus of octopodid from the Southern Ocean. Antarc. Sci. 15(4):415-424.
Allcock, A.L., J.M.  Strugnell, H.  Ruggiero and M.A.  Collins, 2006 Redescription of the deep-sea octopod Benthoctopus normani (Massy 1907) and a description of a new species from the Northeast Atlantic. Mar. Biol. Res. 2(6):372-387.
Allcock, A.L., J.M.  Strugnell, H.  Ruggiero and M.A.  Collins, 2006 Molecular phylogenetic analysis of a known and a new hydrothermal vent octopod: their relationships with the genus Benthoctopus (Cephalopoda: Octopodidae). Zootaxa 2096:442-459.
Allcock, A.L., M.A. Collins and M. Vecchione, 2003 A redescription of Graneledone verrucosa (Verrill, 1881) (Octopoda: Octopodidae). Journal of Molluscan Studies 69:135-143.
Allcock, A.L., U. Piatkowski, P.G.K. Rodhouse and J.P. Thorpe, 2001 A study on octopodids from the eastern Weddell Sea, Antarctica. Polar Biology 24:832-838.
Allcock, A. L., J. M. Strugnell, P. Prodöhl, U. Piatkowski and M.  Vecchion, 2007 A new species of Pareledone (Cephalopoda: Octopodidae) from Antarctic Peninsula waters. Polar Biol. 30(7):883-893.
Allcock,  A.L., M.A. Collins, U. Piatkowski and M. Vecchione, 2004 Thaumeledone and other deep water octopodids from the Southern Ocean. Deep-Sea Research Part II Topical Studies in Oceanography 51(14-16) 2004:1883-1901.
Ambrose, R.F., 1984 Food preferences, prey availability, and the diet of Octopus bimaculatus Verrill. J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol. 77:29-44.
Anam, R. and E. Mostarda, 2012 Field identification guide to the living marine resources of Kenya. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fishery Purposes, Rome: FAO, 357 p.
Andrew, N. and M. Francis, 2003 The living reef. The ecology of New Zealand's rocky reefs. Craig Potton Publishing, New Zealand. 283pp.
Angel, J., A. Perez and M. Haimovici, 1995 Descriptive ecology of two south american eledonids (Cephalopoda: Octopodidae). Bulletin of Marine Science 56(3):752-766.
Apostolidis, C.A. and K.I. Stergiou, 2008 A preliminary compilation of life-history data for Mediterranean marine invertebrates. In Palomares, M.L.D., Pauly, D. (Eds.), Von Bertalanffy Growth Parameters of Non-fish Organisms. Fisheries Centre Research Reports 16(10). Fisheries Centre, University of British Colombia [ISSN 1198-6727], pp. 102-121.
Arena, P. and F.L. Greci, 1973 Indagine sulle condizioni faunistiche e sui rendimenti di pesca dei fondali batiali della Sicilia occidentale e della bordura settentrionale dei banchi della soglia Sicula-Tunisina. Quaderni del Laboratorio di Tecnologia della Pesca 1:157-201.
Arnaud, P.M., 1974 Contribution à la bionomie marine benthique des régions antarctiques et subantarctiques. Téthys 6(3):467-653.
Atlas of Living Australia, 2020 Pinnoctopus cordiformis (Quoy & Gaimard, 1832). [Accessed 17/08/2020].
Atlas of Living Australia., 2015 Octopus pallidus Hoyle, 1885. [Acceessed 3/19/2015].
Atlas of Living Australia., 2015 Octopus pallidus. [Acccessed 3/25/2015].
Australian Government Department of the Environment, 2015 Species Octopus pallidus Hoyle, 1885. [Accessed 03/18/2015].
Australian Museum., 2015 Octopus pallidus. [Accessed 3/25/2015].
Auteri, R., P. Manini and C. Volpi, 1988 Regime alimentare di Eledone cirrhosa (Lamarck, 1798) e Sepia orbignyana (Férrussac in Orbigny, 1826) (Mollusca, Cephalopoda) nel Tirreno Settentrionale. Quad. Mus. St. Nat. Livorno 9:67-73.
AZA Aquatic Invertebrate Taxon Advisory Group (AITAG), 2014 Giant Pacific Octopus: Enteroctopus dofleini care manual. Association of Zoos and Aquariums, Silver Spring, MD.
Backe, N., S. Davies, K. Conley, G. Kosmider, G. Rasmussen, H. Ibey and K. Ladell, 2011 Race Rocks (XwaYeN) proposed marine protected area ecosystem overview and assessment report. Canadian Manuscript Report of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 2949:30p.
Barria, C., M. Coll and J. Navarro, 2015 Unravelling the ecological role and trophic relationships of uncommon and threatened elasmobranchs in the western Mediterranean Sea (Supplement). Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 539:225-240.
Barry, P.D., S.L. Tamone and D.A. Tallmon, 2013 A complex pattern of population structure in the North Pacific giant octopus Enteroctopus dofleini (Wülker, 1910). Journal of Molluscan Studies.
Batoy, C.B., 2050 Survey of the marine macrobenthic invertebrate fauna of coastal waters in selected places in Leyte and vicinity. Department of Plant Protection, Visayas State College of Agricultre, ViSCA, Baybay, Leyte 7127. pp 1-284.
Beatson, E., 2007 The diet of pygmy sperm whales, Kogia breviceps, stranded in New Zealand: implications for conservation. Rev Fish Biol Fisheries 17:295-303.
Beatson, E., S. O'Shea and M. Ogle, 2007 First report on the stomach contents of long-finned pilot whales, Globicephala melas, stranded in New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Zoology 34:51-56.
Beatson, E.L. and S. O'shea, 2009 Stomach contents of long‐finned pilot whales, Globicephala melas, mass‐stranded on Farewell Spit, Golden Bay in 2005 and 2008. New Zealand Journal of Zoology 36(1):47-58.
Bechtol, W.R., 2005 A bottom trawl survey for crabs and groundfish in the Southern Kamishak Bay, and Barren Islands Districts of the Cook Inlet Management Area, 20-25 Jue and 10-17 July 2000. Alaska Department of Fish and Game, Fishery Data Series No. 05-40, Anchorage.
Belazis, M., 2011 A habitat and abundance study of Octopus cyanea in Southwest Madagascar. Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection Paper 998.
Belcari, P. and P. Sartor, 1999 Eledone cirrhosa (Lamarck, 1798). In G. Relini, J. Bertrand and A. Zamboni (eds.) Sintesi delle conoscenze sulle risorseda pesca dei fondi del Mediterraneo centrale (Italia e Corsica). Biol. Mar. Medit. 6 (suppl.1):737-746.
Belcari, P., D. Cuccu, M. González, A. Srairi and P. Vidoris, 2002 Distribution and abundance of Octopus vulgaris Cuvier, 1797 (Cephalopoda: Octopoda) in the Mediterranean Sea. Scientia Marina 66:157-166.
Belcari, P., G. Tserpes, M. González, E. Lefkaditou, B. Marceta, G.P. Manfrin and A. Souplet, 2000 Distribution and abundance of Eledone cirrhosa (Lamarck, 1798) and E. moschata (Lamarck, 1798) (Cephalopoda: Octopoda) in the Mediterranean Sea. Scientia Marina 66:143-155.
Belhabib, D., D. Pauly, S. Harper and D. Zeller, 2012 Marine fisheries catches in West Africa, 1950-2010, part I. Fisheries Centre Research Reports 20 (3).
Belize Marine Tropical Research and Education Center., 2011 Species lists.
Berry, S.S., 1916 Cephalopoda of the Kermadec Islands. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 68(1):45-66.
Biagi, F., P. Sartor, G.D. Ardizzone, P. Belcari, A. Belluscio and F. Serena, 2002 Analysis of demersal assemblages off the Tuscany and Latium coasts (north-western Mediterranean). Scientia Marina 66:233-242.
Bianchi, G., K.E. Carpenter, J.-P. Roux, F.J. Molloy, D. Boyer and H.J. Boyer, 1999 FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. Field guide to the living marine resources of Namibia. Rome, FAO. 265 p., 11 plates.
Birkely, S.-R. and B. Gulliksen, 2003 Feeding ecology in five shrimp species (Decapoda: Caridea) from an Arctic Fjord (Isfjorden, Svalbard), with emphasis on Sclerocrangon boreas (Phipps, 1774). Crustaceana 76(6):699-715.
Bisby, F.A., M.A. Ruggiero, K.L. Wilson, M. Cachuela-Palacio, S.W. Kimani, Y.R. Roskov, A. Soulier-Perkins and J. van Hertum, 2005 Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life: 2005 Annual Checklist. CD-ROM; Species 2000: Reading, U.K.
Blanchard, A.L., C.L. Parris, A.L. Knowlton and N.R. Wade, 2013 Benthic ecology of the northeastern Chukchi Sea. Part II. Spatial variation of megafaunal community structure, 2009-2010. Cotinental Shelf Research 67:67-76.
Blanco, C., M.A. Raduan and J.A. Raga, 2006 Diet of Risso's dolphin (Grampus griseus) in the western Mediterranean Sea. Scientia Marina 70(3):407-411.
Blanco, C., O. Solomón and J.A. Raga, 2001 Diet of the bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus) in the western Mediterranean Sea. J. Mar. Biol. Ass. U.K. 81(6):1053-1058.
Boletzky, S., 1984 The embryonic development of the octopus Scaeurgus unicirrhus (Mollusca, Cephalopoda). Vie milieu 34(2/3):87-93.
Bone, Q., E. Brown and G Travers, 1994 On the respiratory flow in the cuttlefish Sepia officinalis. Journal of Experimental Biology 194(1):153-165.
Borges, P.A.V., A. Costa, R. Cunha, R. Gabriel, V. Gonçalves, A.F. Martins, I. Melo, M. Parente, P. Raposeiro, P. Rodrigues, R.S. Santos, L. Silva, P. Vieira and V. Vieira (eds.), 2010 Listagem dos organismos terrestres e marinhos dos Açores = A list of the terrestrial and marine biota from the Azores. Princípia, Cascais, 432 p.
Borges, T. C., K. Erzini, L. Bentes, M. E. Costa, J. M. S. Gonçalves, P. G. Lino, C Pais and J. Ribeiro, 2001 By-catch and discarding practices in five Algarve (southern Portugal) métiers. J. Appl. Ichthyol. 17(3):104-114.
Bouth, H. F., T. S. Leite, F. D. D. Lima and J. E. L. Oliveira, 2011 Atol das Rocas: an oasis for Octopus insularis juveniles (Cephalopoda: Octopodidae). Zoologia (Curitiba) 28(1):45-52.
Bower, J.R., M.P. Seki, R.E. Young, K.A. Bigelow, J. Hirota and P. Flament, 1999 Cephalopod paralarvae assemblages in Hawaiian Islands waters. Marine Ecology Progress Series 185:203-212.
Boyle, P.R. and D. Knobloch, 1981 Hole boring of crustacean prey by the octopus Eledone cirrhosa (Mollusca, Cephalopoda). Journal of Zoology 193:1-10.
Boyle, P.R. and D. Knobloch, 1983 The female reproductive cycle of the octopus, Eledone cirrhosa. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 63(1):71-83.
Boyle, P.R. and D. Knobloch, 1982 On growth of the octopus Eledone cirrhosa. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 62(2):227-296.
Boyle, P.R. and G.J. Pierce, 1994 Fishery biology of northeast Atlantic squid: an overview. Fish. Res. (21):1-15.
Boyle, P.R., M.A. Collins and G.R. Willamson, 1998 The cephalopod by-catch of deep-water trawling on the Hebrides slope. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 78:1023-1026.
Branch, G.M., C.L. Griffiths, M.L. Branch and L. Beckley, 2005 Two oceans: a guide to marine life in southern Africa. Struik Publishers, Cape Town, 360 p.
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Brook, F.J., 1998 The coastal molluscan fauna of the northern Kermadec Islands, Southwest Pacific Ocean. Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand 28(2):185-233.
Cairns, S.D., 1976 Biological results of the University of Miami Deep-Sea Expeditions. 118: Cephalopods collected in the Straits of Florida by the R/V Gerda. Bull. Mar. Sci. 26(2):233-272.
Calado, R., 2006 Marine ornamental species from European waters: a valuable overlooked resource or a future threat for the conservation of marine ecosystems?. Scientia Marina 70(3): 389-398.
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Caroppo, C., 1988 Risorse demersali del Mar Jonio: valutazione deu rendimenti commerciali ed analisi di Galeus melastomus Rafinesque, 1810. Universita' Degli Study di Bari. 65 p.
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Carpenter, K.E., F. Krupp, D.A. Jones and U. Zajonz, 1997 FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of Kuwait, Eastern Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Qatar, and the United Arab Emirates. Rome, FAO. 293 p. 17 colour plates.
Carrasco, S.A., 2014 The early life history of two sympatric New Zealand octopuses: eggs and paralarvae of Of Octopus huttoni and Pinnoctopus cordiformis. New Zealand Journal of Zoology 41(1):32-45.
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Ciavaglia, E. and C. Manfredi, 2009 Distribution and some biological aspects of cephalopods in the North and Central Adriatic. Boll. Malacol 45: 61-69.
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Clarke, M.R., M.B. Santos and G.J. Pierce, 1998 The importance of cephalopods in the diets of marine mammals and other top predators. International Council for the Exploration of the Sea: The impact of Cephalopods in the Food Chain and Their Interaction with the Environment CM/M: 8.
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Collins, M.A. and R. Villanueva, 2006 Taxonomy, ecology and behaviour of the cirrate octopods. Oceanography and Marine Biology an Annual Review 44:277-322.
Collins, M.A., A.L. Allcock and M. Belchier, 2004 Cephalopods of the south Georgia Slope. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 84:415-419.
Collins, M.A., A.L. Allcock and M. Belchier, 2004 Cephalopods of the south Georgia Slope. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 84:415-419.
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Cortez, T., A.F. González and A. Guerra, 1999 Growth of Octopus mimus (Cephalopoda, Octopodidae) in wild populations. Fisheries Research 42(1):31-39.
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