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References used for species in the Family Solenidae
( knife and razor clams )
Sort by : RefNo Author Year
[ n = 72 ] 
Al-Yamani, F.Y., V. Skryabin, N. Boltachova, N. Revkov, M. Makarov, V. Grinstov and E. Kolesnikova, 2012 Illustrated Atlas on the Zoobenthos of Kuwait. Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research.
Allen, G.R. and S.A. McKenna, 2001 A marine Rapid Assessment of the Togean and Banggai Islands, Sulawesi, Indonesia. RAP Bulletin of Biological Assessment 20, Conservation International, Washington, DC.
Bernard, F.R., Y.Y. Cai and B. Morton, 1993 Catalogue of the living marine bivalve molluscs of China. Hong Kong University Press, Hong Kong. 121 p.
Bisby, F.A., M.A. Ruggiero, K.L. Wilson, M. Cachuela-Palacio, S.W. Kimani, Y.R. Roskov, A. Soulier-Perkins and J. van Hertum, 2005 Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life: 2005 Annual Checklist. CD-ROM; Species 2000: Reading, U.K.
Cai, Y. and G. Liu, 2004 Bivalvia (Mollusca) in Nansha Islands, China. Journal of Zhanjiang Ocean University 24(1):1-8.
Carpenter, K.E. and N. De Angelis (eds.), 2016 The living marine resources of the Eastern Central Atlantic. Vol. 2: Bivalves, gastropods, hagfishes, sharks, batoid fishes, and chimaeras. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fishery Purposes, Rome, FAO. pp. 665-1509.
Cherkaoui, E., A. Nounah and M. Khamar, 2013 The impact of pollution on the Bouregreg Estuary (Morocco, Atlantic Ocean): the molluscs as an indicator of metal contamination. Istanbul International Solid Waste, Water And Wastewater Congress 2013:490-492.
Cheung, W.L., R. Watson and D. Pauly, 2013 Signature of ocean warming in global fisheries catch. Nature 497:365-368.
Chongpeepien, T., 1988 Bivalve mollusc culture research in Thailand. Worldfish, 170p.
Da Costa, F., S. Nóvoa, J. Ojea and D. Martínez-Patiño, 2011 Changes in biochemical and fatty acid composition of the razor clam Solen marginatus (Solenidae: Bivalvia) during larval development. Marine Biology 158(8):1829-1840.
FAO-FIES, 2015 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, [accessed 13/04/2015].
FAO-FIES, 2007 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, [accessed 03/07/2008].
FAO-FIES, 2017 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from (accessed 08/06/2017).
Fischer, W., G. Bianchi and W.B. Scott (eds.), 1981 Bivalves. 6: pag.var. In FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Eastern Central Atlantic (fishing areas 34, 47; in part). Canada Funds-in-Trust. Ottawa, Department of Fisheries and Oceans Canada, by arrangement with the Food and AgriculturesOrganization of the United Nations, 1-7: pag.var.
Fox, R.S. and E.E. Ruppert, 1985 Shallow-water marine benthic invertebrates of South Carolina: Species identificattion, community composition and symbiotic association. University of South Carolina Press, Columbia, SC (USA).
Frankboner, P.V. and R.G.B. Reid, 1990 Nutrition in Giant Clams (Tridacnidae). In The Bivalvia--the proceedings of a memorial symposium in honour of Sir Chalres Maurice Younge, edinburgh, 1986. (ed. B. Morton). Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press. 249 p.
Gaspar, M.B., M.D. Dias, A. Campos, C.C. Monteiro, M.N. Santos, A. Chicharo and L. Chicharo, 2001 The Influence of dredge design on the catch of Callista chione (Linaeus, 1758). Hydrobiologia 465:153-167.
GBIF, 2015 Solena rudis C.B. Adams, 1852. [Accessed 08/25/2015].
Graf, D.L., 2013 Patterns of freshwater bivalve global diversity and the state of phylogenetic studies on the Unionida, Sphaeriidae, and Cyrenidae. Amer. Malac. Bull. 31(1):135-153.
Gusso, C.C., M.F. Gravina and F.R. Maggiore, 2001 Temporal variations in soft bottom benthic communities in central Tyrrhenian Sea (Italy). Archo Oceanogr. Limnol. 22:175-182.
Harbo, R.M., 1997 Shells and shellfish of the Pacific Northwest, a field guide. Harbour Publishing, Canada, 270p.
Héros, V., P. Lozouet, P. Maestrati, R. von Cosel, D. Brabant and P. Bouchet, 2007 Mollusca of New Caledonia. pp. 199-254. In Payri, C.E.; Richer de Forges, B. (eds). Compendium of marine species in New Caledonia, Doc. Sci. Tech. II7, seconde edition, IRD, Noumea.
Hill, B.J., 1979 Aspects of the feeding strategy of the predatory crab Scylla serrata. Mar. Biol. 55:209-214
Hong, S.Y., K.Y. Park, C.W. Park, C.H. Han, H.L. Suh, S.G. Yun, C.B. Song, S.G. Jo, H.S. Lim, Y.S. Kang, D.J. Kim, C.W. Ma, M.H. Son, H.K. Cha, K.B. Kim, S.D. Choi, K.Y. Park, C.W. Oh, D.N. Kim, H.S. Shon, J.N. Kim et al., 2006 Marine invertebrates in Korean coasts. Republic of Korea, Academy Publishing Company, Inc. 479 p.
IUCN, 2022 The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2022-1. . Downloaded 15 September 2022.
IUCN, 2012 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.1. IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Downloaded in June 2012.
Jia, X., Z. Li, C. Li, Y. Qiu and J. Gan, 2004 Studies on the ecosystem and commercial fisheries resources in commercial zone and the continental shelf in South China Sea. Science Publishing, Beijing, 647 p.
Kangas, M.I., S. Morrison, P. Unsworth, E. Lai, I. Wright and A. Thomson, 2006 Development of biodiversity and habitat monitoring systems for key trawl fisheries in Western Australia. Final FRDC Report - Project 2002/038.
Kefi, F.J., Y. Lahbib, L.G.B. Abdallah and N.T. El Menif, 2012 Shell disturbances and butyltins burden in commercial bivalves collected from the Bizerta lagoon (northern Tunisia). Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 184(11):6869-6876.
Khin, M.S and D.O. Stanley, 2011 Fishery resources of the Wunbaik reserved mangrove forest. FAO-UN, Myanmar Publication 2011/04, 125p.
Lamb, A., D. Gibbs and C. Gibbs, 2011 Strait of Georgia biodiversity in relation to bull kelp abundance. Pacific Fisheries Resource Conservation Council, 111p.
Laureta, L.V., 2008 Compendium of the economically important seashells in Panay, Philippines. Quezon City: The University of the Philippines Press, c2008. 162 p.
Leal, J.H., 2003 Bivalves. p. 25-98. In Carpenter, K.E. (ed.). The living marine resources of the Western Central Atlantic. Volume 1: Introduction, molluscs, crustaceans, hagfishes, sharks, batoid fishes, and chimaeras. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fishery Purposes and American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists Special Publication No. 5. 1600p.
Macdonald, T.A., B.J. Burd, V.I. Macdonald and A. van Roodselaar, 2010 Taxonomic and feeding guild classification for the marine benthic macroinvertebrates of the Strait of Georgia, British Columbia. Canadian Technical Report of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 2874:62p.
Macintosh, D. J., E. C. Ashton and V. Tansakul, 2002 Utilisation and knowledge of biodiversity in the Ranong Biosphere Reserve, Thailand. ITCZM monograph series (7): 29., 2050
McLachlan, A., 1974 Notes on the biology of some estuarine bivalves. Zool. Afr. 9:15-20.
Miloslavich, P., J.M. Díaz, E. Klein, J.J. Alvarado, C. Díaz, J. Gobin, E. Escobar-Briones, Motta, J.J. Cruz, E. Weil, J. Cortés, A.C. Bastidas, R. Roberston, F. Zapata, A. Martín, J. Castillo, A. Kazandjian and M. Ortiz, 2010 Marine biodiversity in the Caribbean: regional estimates and distribution patterns. PLoS ONE 5(8):e11916.
Morton, B., 1984 Siphonal autotomy in Solen corneus (Bivalvia: Solenoides) from Hong Kong. Malac. Rev. 17:95-96.
Morton, B., S.F. Leung and K.F. Leung, 2021 The biology and functional morphology of Meretrix cf. meretrix (Bivalvia: Veneridae: Meretricinae) at Tong Fuk Miu Wan, Shui Hau, Lantau Island, Hong Kong. Regional Studies in Marine Science 45:1-14.
Ong Che, R.G. and B. Morton, 1991 Spatial and temporal variations in the subtidal macrobenthic community of Tai Tam Bay, Hong Kong. Asian Marine Biology 8:193-216.
Pacific Northwest Shell Club, 2014 Pacific Northwest marine molluscan biodiversity. Pacific Northwest Shell Club, [Accessed 06/02/2014].
Palaz, M. and S. Berber, 2005 The bivalve species of the Dardanelles. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 85:357-358.
Park, K.Y. and C.W. Oh, 2002 Length-weight relationship of bivalves from coastal waters of Korea. NAGA, The ICLARM Quarterly 25(1):21-22.
Pechenik, J.A., 2005 Biology of the Invertebrates. Fifth Edition. Mc-Graw-Hill. New York, USA. 590 p.
Petetta, A., G. Bargione, C. Vasapollo, M. Virgili and A. Lucchetti, 2019 Length-weight relationships of bivalve species in Italian razor clam Ensis minor (Chenu, 1843) (Mollusca: Bivalvia) fishery. The European Zoological Journal 86(1):363-369.
Poutiers, J.M., 1998 Bivalves. Acephala, Lamellibranchia, Pelecypoda. p. 123-362. In Carpenter, K. E. and V. H. Niem. 1998. FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the Western Central Pacific. Volume 1. Seaweeds, corals, bivalves, and gastropods. Rome, FAO.
Poutiers, J.M., 1987 Bivalves (Acephales, Lamellibranches, Pelecypodes). pp. 370-389. In W. Fischer, M. Schneider, M.-L. Bauchot (eds.) Fiches FAO d'identification des espèces pour les besoins de la pêche. (Révision 1). Méditerranée et mer Noire. Zone de pêche 37. Volume I. Végétaux et Invertébrés. Publication préparée par la FAO, résultat d'un accord entre la FAO et la Commission des Communautés Européenes (Project GCP/INT/442/EEC) financée conjointment par ces deux organisations. Rome, FAO, Vol. 1.
Powell, E.N. and H. Cummins, 1985 Are molluscan maximum life spans determined by long-term cycles in benthic communities? Oecologia (Berlin) 67(2):177-182.
Remacha-Triviño, A., 2005 Densidad, biometría y proporción de sexos de Solen marginatus (Pulteney, 1799) (Mollusca: Bivalvia) en la ría del Eo (noroeste de España). Bol. Inst. Esp. Oceanogr. 21(1-4):387-394.
Rosenberg, G., 2009 Malacolog 4.1.1: A Database of Western Atlantic Marine Mollusca. [WWW database (version 4.1.1)] URL
Ruppert, E.E., R.S. Fox and R.D. Barnes, 2004 Invertebrate Zoology. A functional evolutionary approach. 7th Ed. Brooks/Cole, Thomson Learning learning, Inc. 990 p.
Sabelli, B. and H.S. Feinberg (eds.), 1879 Simon and Schuster's Guide to Shells. Simon and Schuster's Inc. New York. 512 pp.
SAUP Database, 2006 SAUP Database.
Schneider, W., 1990 FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Field guide to the commercial marine resources of the Gulf of Guinea. Prepared and published with the support of the FAO Regional Office for Africa. Rome: FAO. 268 p.
Springsteen, F.J. and F.M. Leobrera, 1986 Shells of the Philippines. Carfel Seashell Museum. Metro Manila, Philippines. 377 p.
Tai, K.K., 2005 Ecological status and conservation of soft shore habitats in Hong Kong. Hong Kong: Kowloon, City University of Hong Kong, MSc Thesis, 267 p.
Taylor, J.D. and E.A. Glover, 2004 Diversity and distribution of subtidal benthic molluscs from the Dampier Archipelago, Western Australia; results of the 1999 drege survey (DA2/99). Records of the Western Australian Supplement 66:247-291.
Tchang, S. and S.M. Hwang, 1964 On the Chinese species of Solenidae. Acta Zoologica Sinica 16:193-206.
Templado, J. and R. Villanueva, 2010 Checklist of Phylum Mollusca. pp. 148-198 In Coll, M., et al., 2010. The biodiversity of the Mediterranean Sea: estimates, patterns, and threats. PLoS ONE 5(8):36pp.
The Academy of Natural Sciences, 2006 OBIS Indo-Pacific Molluscan Database. [accessed 21/03/2007].
Thompson, S., H. Budzinski, P. Garrigues and J.F. Narbonne, 1999 Comparison of PCB and DDT distribution between water-column and sediment-dwelling bivalves in Arcachon Bay, France. Marine Pollution Bulletin 38(8):655-662.
Turgeon, D.D., J.F. Quinn Jr., A.E. Bogan, E.V. Coan, F.G. Hochberg, W.G. Lyons, P.M. Mikkelsen, R.J. Neves, C.F.E. Roper, G. Rosenberg, B. Roth, A. Scheltema, F.G. Thompson, M. Vecchione and J.D. Willams, 1998 Common and scientific names of aquatic invertebrates from the United States and Canada: Mollusks, 2nd ed. American Fisheries Society (Special publication 26), Bethesda, Maryland. 526 p.
Turgeon, D.D., W.G. Lyons, P. Mikkelsen, G. Rosenberg and F. Moretzsohn, 2009 Bivalvia (Mollusca) of the Gulf of Mexico. pp. 711-744 In Felder, D.L.; Camp, D.K. (eds.) Gulf of Mexico - Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M University Press, College Station, Texas.
Valentich-Scott, P., 2003 A taxonomic, distributional and bibliographic checklist on Hong Kong marine bivalve molluscs and reserach published on them from 1971-2000. p. 259-310 In B. Morton (ed.) Perspectives on Marine Environmental Change in Hong Kong and Southern China, 1977-2001, Proceedings of an International Workshop Reunion Conference, 21-26 October 2001. Hong Kong University Press.
von Cosel, R., 2002 Seven new species of Solen (Bivalvia: Solenidae) from the tropical western Pacific with remarks on other species. pp. 301-341. Collectanea malacolgica: Festschrift fuer Gerhard Falkner. ConchBooks, Hackenheim. 547 p.
von Cosel, R., 1990 An introduction to the razor shells (Bivalvia: Solenacea). In The Bivalvia--the proceedings of a memorial symposium in honour of Sir Chalres Maurice Younge, edinburgh, 1986. (ed. B. Morton). Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press. 249 p.
Wang, R.F., C.L. Zhang, B.D. Xu, Y.P. Ren and Y. Xue, 2018 Feeding strategy and prey selectivity of Chelidonichtys spinosus during autumn in Haizhou Bay. Journal of Fishery Sciences of China 25(5):1059-1070.
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Zenetos, A., E. Vardala-Theodorou and C. Alexandrakis, 2005 Update of the marine Bivalvia Mollusca checklist in Greek Waters. J. Mar. Biol. Ass. U.K. 85:993-998.
Zenetos, A., S. Gofas, M. Verlaque, M.E. Cinar, J.E. Garcia Raso, Bianchi. C.N., C. Morri, E. Azzurro, M. Bilecenoglu, C. Froglia, I. Siokou, D. Violanti, A. Sfriso, G. San Martin, A. Giangrande, T. Katagan, E. Ballesteros, A. Ramos-Espla, 2010 Alien species in the Mediterranean Sea by 2010. A contribution to the application of European Union’s Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD). Part I. Spatial distribution. Medit. Mar. Sci., 11/2(2010):381-493.
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