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References used for species in the Family Ursidae
( bears )
 
Sort by : RefNo Author Year
[ n = 41 ] 
RefNo
 Description
Andersen, M. and J. Aars, 2016 Barents Sea polar beards (Ursus maritimus): population biology and anthropogenic threats. Polar Research 35(1):1-20.
Belikov, S.E. and A.N. Boltunov, 1998 The ringed seal (Phoca hispida) in the western Russian Arctic. NAMMCO Scientific Publications, 1:63-82.
Bisby, F.A., M.A. Ruggiero, K.L. Wilson, M. Cachuela-Palacio, S.W. Kimani, Y.R. Roskov, A. Soulier-Perkins and J. van Hertum, 2005 Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life: 2005 Annual Checklist. CD-ROM; Species 2000: Reading, U.K.
Cherry, S.G., A.E. Derocher, G.W. Thiemann and N.J. Lunn, 2013 Migration phenology and seasonal fidelity of an Arctic marine predator in relation to sea ice dynamics. Journal of Animal Ecology
CITES, 2014 Appendices I, II and III valid from 24 June 2014. UNEP.
CITES, 2013 Appendices I, II and III valid from 12 June 2013. UNEP.
CITES, 2011 Appendices I, II and III valid from 27 April 2011. UNEP.
CITES, 2012 Appendices I, II and III valid from 3 April 2012. UNEP.
CITES, 2015 The Checklist of CITES Species Website. Appendices I, II and III valid from 05 February 2015. CITES Secretariat, Geneva, Switzerland. Compiled by UNEP-WCMC, Cambridge, UK. Http://checklist.cites.org. [Accessed 04/11/2015].
CITES, UNEP-WCMC, 2017 The Checklist of CITES Species Website. Appendices I, II and III valid from 04 April 2017. CITES Secretariat, Geneva, Switzerland. Compiled by UNEP-WCMC, Cambridge, UK. https://www.cites.org/eng/app/appendices.php [Accessed 01/08/2017].
CITES, UNEP-WCMC, 2017 The Checklist of CITES Species Website. Appendices I, II and III valid from 04 October 2017. CITES Secretariat, Geneva, Switzerland. Compiled by UNEP-WCMC, Cambridge, UK. https://www.cites.org/eng/app/appendices.php [Accessed 08/17/2017].
CITES, UNEP-WCMC, 2016 The Checklist of CITES Species Website. Appendices I, II and III valid from 10 March 2016. CITES Secretariat, Geneva, Switzerland. Compiled by UNEP-WCMC, Cambridge, UK. https://www.cites.org/eng/app/appendices.php [Accessed 23/06/2016].
CITES, UNEP-WCMC, 2021 The Checklist of CITES Species Website. Appendices I, II and III valid from 14 February 2021. CITES Secretariat, Geneva, Switzerland. Compiled by UNEP-WCMC, Cambridge, UK. https://cites.org/eng/app/appendices.php [Accessed 16 February 2021].
DeMaster, D.P. and I. Stirling, 1981 Ursus maritimus. Mammalian Species no. 145, pp. 1-7, 3 figs. Published 8 May 1981 by The American Society of Mammalogists.
Derocher, A.E. and I. Stirling, 1994 Age-specific reproductive performance of female polar bears (Ursus maritimus). J. Zool. Lond. 234:527-536.
Derocher, A.E. and I. Stirling, 1992 The population dynamics of polar bears in western Hudson Bay. p. 1150-1159. In D.R. McCullough and R.H. Barrett (eds). Wildlife 2001: populations. London: Elsevier Applied Science.
Derocher, A.E. and O. Wiig, 2002 Postnatal length and mass of polar bears (Ursus maritimus) at Svalbard. J. Zool. Lond. 256:343-349.
Derocher, A.E., O. Wiig and M. Andersen, 2002 Diet composition of polar bears in Svalbard and the western Barents Sea. Polar Biology 25(6):448-452.
Dyck, M.G. and K.J. Daley, 2002 Cannibalism of a yearling polar bear (Ursus maritimus) at Churchill, Canada. Artic 55(2):190-192.
Dyck, M.G. and S. Romberg, 2007 Observations of a wild polar bear (Ursus maritimus) successfully fishing Arctic charr (Salvelinus alphinus) and Fourhorn sculpin (Myoxocephalus quadricornis). Polar Biol. 30:1625-1628.
FAO-FIES, 2007 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from http://www.fao.org/fishery/collection/asfis/1/en, [accessed 03/07/2008].
FROM Nord, 2016 Liste Espèces - Code FAO. http://www.fromnord.fr/docs/liste_especes_-_code_fao.pdf [Accessed 09/14/2016].
Galicia, M.P., G.W. Thiemann, M.G. Dyck and S.H. Ferguson, 2021 Polar bear diet composition reveals spatiotemporal distribution of Arctic marine mammals across Nunavut, Canada. Ecol. Indic. 132:108245.
Haug, T., K.T. Nilssen, N. Øien and V. Potelov, 1994 Seasonal distribution of harp seals (Phoca groenlandica) in the Barents sea. Polar Research 13(2):163-172.
Hunter, A.M.J., 2006 A multiple regression model fror predicting the energy requirements of marine mammals. The University of British Columbia, Canada. MS Thesis. 299 p.
IUCN, 2010 2010 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN 2010. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2010.2. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded in August 2010.
Jefferson, T.A., S. Leatherwood and M.A. Webber, 1993 FAO species Identification Guide: Marine Mammals of the World. Rome, FAO. 320 p. + 587 figures.
Khidas, K., 2015 The Canadian Arctic Expedition 1913 - 18 and early advances in Arctic vertebrate zoology. Arctic 68(3):283-292.
Nielsen, J., R.B. Hedeholm, M. Simon and J.F. Steffensen, 2014 Distribution and feeding ecology of the Greenland shark (Somniosus microcephalus) in Greenland waters. Polar Biology 37(1):37-46.
Palomares, M.L.D., P.M.E. Sorongon, A. Hunter and D. Pauly, 2008 On the growth of some marine mammals. In Palomares, M.L.D., Pauly, D. (eds.). On the Growth of Some Non-Fish Marine Organisms. Fisheries Centre Research Reports V(n). Fisheries Centre, University of British Columbia [ISSN 1198-6727], pp. 13-20.
Ramsay, M.A. and I. Stirling, 1988 Reproductive biology and ecology of female polar bears (Ursus maritimus). J. Zool. Lond. 214:601-634.
Regehr, E.V., S.C. Amstrup and I. Stirling, 2006 Polar bear population status in the Southern Beaufort Sea U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2006-1337, 20 p.
Rice, D.W., 1998 Marine Mammals of the World Systematics and Distribution. Special Publication number 4: The Society for Marine Mammalogy. 231p.
Rode, K.D., E.V. Regehr, D.C. Douglas, G. Durner, A.E. Derocher, G.W. Thiemann and S.M. Budge, 2014 Variation in the response of an Arctic top predator experiencing habitat loss: feeding and reproductive ecology of two polar bear populations. Global Change Biology 20(1):76-88.
Rode, K.D., S.C. Amstrup and E.V. Regehr, 2010 Reduced body size and cub recruitment in polar bears associated with sea ice decline. Ecological Applications 20(3):768-782.
Russell, R.H., 1975 The food habits of polar bears of James Bay and southwest Hudson Bay in summer and autumn. Arctic 28:117-129.
Sciullo, L., G.W. Thiemann, N.J. Lunn and S.H. Ferguson, 2017 Intraspecific and temporal variability in the diet composition of female polar bears in a seasonal sea ice regime. Arctic Science 3(4):672-688.
Spiridonov, V.A., M.V. Gavrilo, E.D. Krasnova and N.G. Nikolaeva, 2011 Atlas of marine and coastal biological diversity of the Russian Arctic. Moscow: WWF Russia, 2011, 64p.
Stempniewicz, L., I. Kulaszewicz and J. Aars, 2021 Yes, they can: polar bears Ursus maritimus successfully hunt Svalbard reindeer Rangifer tarandus platyrhynchus. Polar Biology 44:2199-2206.
Stirling, I. and T.G. Smith, 1975 Interrelationships of arctic ocean mammals in the sea ice habitat. Circumpolar Conference on Northern Ecology 2:129-136.
The Joint Secretariat, 2003 Inuvialuit harvest study: data and methods report 1988-1997. Available from IRC, Box, 2120.
 
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