Penaeus penicillatus Alcock, 1905
redtail prawn
jumbo,  redtail prawn,  red-tail prawn
Penaeus penicillatus
photo by FAO

Family:  Penaeidae (penaeid shrimps)
Max. size:  19 cm SL (male/unsexed); 21.2000007629395 cm TL (female)
Environment:  benthic; brackish; marine; depth range 0 - 200 m
Distribution:  Indo-West Pacific: from Pakistan to Taiwan and Indonesia.
Biology:  Maximum TL: 16.3 cm (male); 21.2 cm (female). Maximum carapace length: 3.1 cm (male); 3.3 cm (female) (Ref. 8). Vulnerability for synonym Fenneropenaeus penicillatus is 50. Juveniles inhabit mangrove inlets (Refs. 114627, 121464), intertidal mud flats and far inshore waters (Ref. 121464). In general, the majority of penaeids are omnivorous or detritus feeders (Ref. 105082). Members of the order Decapoda are mostly gonochoric. Mating behavior: Precopulatory courtship ritual is common (through olfactory and tactile cues); usually indirect sperm transfer (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status: Not Evaluated (N.E.) Ref. (120744)
Threat to humans: 
Country info:  Reported in Orissa (Ref. 104). Known to be among the less common forms in the catches off Bombay (Ref. 264) but is the main species obtained off the Maharashtra coast (Western India) (Ref. 113). Known from coastal waters north to Bombay in the west and Orissa in the east (Ref. 113952). C: Refs. 63168, 113952.

Entered by: Palomares, Maria Lourdes D. - 15.02.06
Modified by: Polido, Rubyann Robelle - 01.03.17

Source and more info: For personal, classroom, and other internal use only. Not for publication.

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