Fratercula corniculata (Naumann, 1821)
horned puffin
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Family:  Alcidae ()
Max. size:  41 cm TL (male/unsexed); max.weight: 619.0 g
Environment:  others; marine
Distribution:  Pacific Ocean and the Arctic. Subtropical to polar.
Diagnosis:  Culmen: 4.83 cm; tarsus: 3.07 cm; wing: 18.97 cm.
Biology:  Total Length: 36 to 41 cm; Wingspan: 56 to 58 cm (Ref. 8812). With sperm-storage glands allowing delayed fertilization of ovum (Ref. 87784). Plunge diver; continental shelf; <100 km (Ref. 356). As in all seabirds, copulation takes place ashore and the presence sperm-storage glands allow delayed fertilization of ovum out at sea. Vulnerable to oil spill as a piscivore; saw 50% decline in population from 1989 in Prince William Sound after the Exxon Valdez oil spill (Ref. 87784).
IUCN Red List Status: (LC); Date assessed: 07 August 2018 Ref. (120744)
Threat to humans: 
Country info:   

Entered by: Karpouzi, Vasiliki - 12.06.07
Modified by: Parducho, Vina Angelica - 28.03.14

Source and more info: For personal, classroom, and other internal use only. Not for publication.

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