Bolinus brandaris (Linnaeus, 1758)
purple dye murex
Bolinus brandaris
photo by FAO

Family:  Muricidae (purpuras, murex and rock shells)
Max. size:  3.9 cm DL (male/unsexed)
Environment:  benthic; marine; depth range 1 - 200 m
Distribution:  Eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean: from Portugal to central Morocco in the Atlantic, and east to Lebanon. Introduced in Atlantic Spain.
Diagnosis:   
Biology:  Has high economic value since ancient times because it is used to produce a purple dye (Refs. 78459, 78460 and 78461). Max length from survey in Sant Carles de le RĂ pita, > 39 mm length without siphonal canal (Ref. 78158). Carnivorous and feeds on bivalves and other gastropods (Ref. 2532). Showed an annual reproductive cycle in the Catalan coast. The reproductive cycle had two peaks (April and June -July) but the first one seems to be less important because the number of immature females is higher than the mature ones (Ref. 78158). The reproductive cycle had two peaks (April and June -July) but the first one seems to be less important because the number of immature females is higher than the mature ones (Ref. 78158).
IUCN Red List Status: Not Evaluated (N.E.) Ref. (119314)
Threat to humans: 
Country info:   
 

Entered by: Palomares, Maria Lourdes D. - 15.02.06
Modified by: Parducho, Vina Angelica - 23.02.17

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