Ecology of Tringa incana
Main Ref. Brooke, M. de L., I. Hepburn and R.J. Travelyan, 2004
Remarks Found on the beach (Ref. 87921) and shoreline (Ref. 116102). Associated with the louse Nirmus obtusus in Clipperton Island and the Galápagos (Ref. 95205). Visual continuous foraging strategy, utilizing salt-marsh fringes and bare flats to feed on epifaunal macrobenthos (Ref. 95303).

Aquatic zones / Water bodies

Marine - Neritic Marine - Oceanic Brackishwater Freshwater
Marine zones / Brackish and freshwater bodies
  • supra-littoral zone
  • littoral zone
  • sublittoral zone
  • epipelagic
  • mesopelagic
  • epipelagic
  • abyssopelagic
  • hadopelagic
  • estuaries/lagoons/brackish seas
  • mangroves
  • marshes/swamps
  • rivers/streams
  • lakes/ponds
  • caves
  • exclusively in caves
Highighted items on the list are where Tringa incana may be found.


Substrate Ref.
Special habitats
Special habitats Ref.


Ref. Palma, R.L., 1994
Associations parasitism;
Associated with Nirmus obtusus
Association remarks


Feeding type mainly animals (troph. 2.8 and up)
Feeding type Ref. Jing, K., Z. Ma, B. Li, J. Li and J. Chen, 2007
Feeding habit hunting macrofauna (predator)
Feeding habit Ref. Jing, K., Z. Ma, B. Li, J. Li and J. Chen, 2007

Trophic Level(s)

Estimation method original sample unfished population Remark
Troph s.e. Troph s.e.
From diet composition
From individual food items 3.62 0.26 Trophic level estimated from a number of food items using a randomized resampling routine.
(e.g. 9948)
(e.g. cnidaria)
Entered by Pan-Saniano, Marianne on 10.06.11
Modified by Polido, Rubyann Robelle on 09.19.17
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