Ecology of Lithodes santolla
Main Ref. Arana, P.M.E. and M.A. Retamal, 1999
Marine - Neritic
  • supra-littoral zone
  • littoral zone
  • sublittoral zone
Marine - Oceanic
  • epipelagic
  • mesopelagic
  • epipelagic
  • abyssopelagic
  • hadopelagic
  • estuaries/lagoons/brackish seas
  • mangroves
  • marshes/swamps
  • rivers/streams
  • lakes/ponds
  • caves
  • exclusively in caves
Highighted items on the list are where Lithodes santolla may be found.
Remarks Restricted to deeper waters (Ref. 2786). Intraspecific predation observed in its early stages (Ref. 104081). Juveniles are observed to form aggregations known as "pods" on large kelp Macrocystis pyrifera. Young individuals are found around the holdfasts and stipes of this kelp (Ref. 104212) as well as on rocky bottoms in the subtidal nearshore (Ref. 104371). Juveniles are voracious and opportunistic omnivorous predators (Ref. 104371). Scavenger and predator (Ref. 113323).


Substrate Benthic: mobile;
Substrate Ref. Macpherson, E., 2004
Special habitats
Special habitats Ref.


Associated with
Association remarks


feeding type mainly animals (troph. 2.8 and up)
feeding type ref Saborowski, R., S. Thatje, J.A. Calcagno, G.A. Lovrich and K. Anger, 2006
feeding habit variable
feeding habit ref Saborowski, R., S. Thatje, J.A. Calcagno, G.A. Lovrich and K. Anger, 2006
trophic level(s)
original sample unfished population Remark
estimation method Troph s.e. Troph s.e.
From diet composition
From individual food items 3.96 0.42 Trophic level estimated from a number of food items using a randomized resampling routine.
(e.g. 9948)
(e.g. cnidaria)
Entered by Pan-Saniano, Marianne on 03.23.07
Modified by Polido, Rubyann Robelle on 11.16.16
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