Ecology of Madracis formosa
 
Main Ref. Cairns, S.D., D.R. Calder, A. Brinckmann-Voss, C.B. Castro, D.G. Fautin, P.R. Pugh, C.E. Mills, W.C. Jaap, M.N. Arai, S.H.D. Haddock and D.M. Opresko, 2003
distribution
Marine - Neritic
  • supra-littoral zone
  • littoral zone
  • sublittoral zone
Marine - Oceanic
  • epipelagic
  • mesopelagic
  • epipelagic
  • abyssopelagic
  • hadopelagic
Brackishwater
  • estuaries/lagoons/brackish seas
  • mangroves
  • marshes/swamps
Freshwater
  • rivers/streams
  • lakes/ponds
  • caves
  • exclusively in caves
Highighted items on the list are where Madracis formosa may be found.
Remarks Zooxanthellate (Ref. 116012). Found in lower reef slopes protected from wave action (Ref. 1663).

Substrate

Substrate Benthic: sessile; Hard Bottom;
Substrate Ref. Cairns, S.D., W.C. Jaap and J.C. Lang, 2009
Special habitats Coral Reefs: reef slope/drop-offs;
Special habitats Ref. Veron, J.E.N., 2000

associations

Ref. Cairns, S.D., D.R. Calder, A. Brinckmann-Voss, C.B. Castro, D.G. Fautin, P.R. Pugh, C.E. Mills, W.C. Jaap, M.N. Arai, S.H.D. Haddock and D.M. Opresko, 2003
associations
Associated with
Association remarks
Parasitism

feeding

feeding type
feeding type ref
feeding habit
feeding habit ref
trophic level(s)
original sample unfished population Remark
estimation method Troph s.e. Troph s.e.
From diet composition
Ref.
From individual food items
(e.g. 9948)
(e.g. cnidaria)
Entered by Dar, Christine on 11.23.06
Modified by Polido, Rubyann Robelle on 08.17.17
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