Ecology of Larus hyperboreus
 
Main Ref. SAUP Database, 2006
distribution
Marine - Neritic
  • supra-littoral zone
  • littoral zone
  • sublittoral zone
Marine - Oceanic
  • epipelagic
  • mesopelagic
  • epipelagic
  • abyssopelagic
  • hadopelagic
Brackishwater
  • estuaries/lagoons/brackish seas
  • mangroves
  • marshes/swamps
Freshwater
  • rivers/streams
  • lakes/ponds
  • caves
  • exclusively in caves
Highighted items on the list are where Larus hyperboreus may be found.
Remarks Found on bay and nearshore, beach and shoreline (Ref. 116102). Coastal; scavenger; kleptoparasitism; (Ref. 356). Prey on cliff-nesting colonial seabirds, usually within a limited area within the whole colony and on locations that are disadvantageous for the colonial birds to defend such as on broad ledges or sloping cliffs. Vulnerable to pollution because of their foraging, prey, or nesting habit near shore, close to industrial or agricultural pollutants (Ref. 87784).

Substrate

Substrate
Substrate Ref.
Special habitats
Special habitats Ref.

associations

Ref.
associations
Associated with
Association remarks
Parasitism

feeding

feeding type mainly animals (troph. 2.8 and up)
feeding type ref Barry, S.J., Barry, T.W., 1990
feeding habit hunting macrofauna (predator)
feeding habit ref Barry, S.J., Barry, T.W., 1990
trophic level(s)
original sample unfished population Remark
estimation method Troph s.e. Troph s.e.
From diet composition
Ref.
From individual food items 4.35 0.76 Trophic level estimated from a number of food items using a randomized resampling routine.
(e.g. 9948)
(e.g. cnidaria)
Entered by Karpouzi, Vasiliki on 05.31.07
Modified by Polido, Rubyann Robelle on 08.15.19
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