Ecology of Parapenaeopsis hardwickii
 
Main Ref. Tzeng, T.D., 2007
Remarks Found from the coastline to depths of about 90 m. On mud bottom, sandy-mud or sand. Juveniles mainly inhabit estuaries and backwaters (Ref. 346). Juveniles also found in intertidal and subtidal edge of mud flats, near inshore and far inshore waters (Ref. 121464). In general, the majority of penaeids are omnivorous or detritus feeders (Ref. 105082). Benthic feeder (Ref. 114818).

Aquatic zones / Water bodies

Marine - Neritic Marine - Oceanic Brackishwater Freshwater
Marine zones / Brackish and freshwater bodies
  • supra-littoral zone
  • littoral zone
  • sublittoral zone
  • epipelagic
  • mesopelagic
  • epipelagic
  • abyssopelagic
  • hadopelagic
  • estuaries/lagoons/brackish seas
  • mangroves
  • marshes/swamps
  • rivers/streams
  • lakes/ponds
  • caves
  • exclusively in caves
Highighted items on the list are where Parapenaeopsis hardwickii may be found.

Habitat

Substrate Benthic: mobile; Soft Bottom: sand; mud;
Substrate Ref. Tzeng, T.D., 2007
Special habitats
Special habitats Ref.

Associations

Ref.
Associations
Associated with
Association remarks
Parasitism

feeding

Feeding type
Feeding type Ref.
Feeding habit
Feeding habit Ref.

Trophic Level(s)

Estimation method original sample unfished population Remark
Troph s.e. Troph s.e.
From diet composition
From individual food items
Ref.
(e.g. 9948)
(e.g. cnidaria)
Entered by Polido, Rubyann Robelle on 11.09.15
Modified by Polido, Rubyann Robelle on 01.06.20
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