Ecology of Littorina littorea
Main Ref. Healy, B., 1997
Remarks Found in intertidal and subtidal flats (Refs. 2823, 106899). In shallow and deep subtidal mussel beds of Mytilus edulis. Occurs in both hard substrates and in soft bottoms, particularly on stones, boulders, on muddy and sandy tidal flats. Also macrophytes such as Fucus and Zostera spp. Herbivorous grazer, feeding on microalgal films (diatoms) from the shell surfaces of mussels, sporelings of ephemeral algae and young barnacles (Ref. 106899).

Aquatic zones / Water bodies

Marine - Neritic Marine - Oceanic Brackishwater Freshwater
Marine zones / Brackish and freshwater bodies
  • supra-littoral zone
  • littoral zone
  • sublittoral zone
  • epipelagic
  • mesopelagic
  • epipelagic
  • abyssopelagic
  • hadopelagic
  • estuaries/lagoons/brackish seas
  • mangroves
  • marshes/swamps
  • rivers/streams
  • lakes/ponds
  • caves
  • exclusively in caves
Highighted items on the list are where Littorina littorea may be found.


Substrate Benthic: mobile; Soft Bottom: sand ( level, ); mud; Hard Bottom: rocky;
Substrate Ref. SAUP Database, 2006
Special habitats Beds: algae/seaweed; bivalve; rock;
Special habitats Ref.


Ref. Dahl, L., 2002
Associated with
Association remarks


Feeding type plants/detritus+animals (troph. 2.2-2.79)
Feeding type Ref. Saier, B., 2000
Feeding habit grazing on aquatic plants
Feeding habit Ref. Saier, B., 2000

Trophic Level(s)

Estimation method original sample unfished population Remark
Troph s.e. Troph s.e.
From diet composition
From individual food items 2.00 0.00 Trophic level and s.e. inferred from exclusive plant/detritus food items.
(e.g. 9948)
(e.g. cnidaria)
Entered by Pan-Saniano, Marianne on 02.12.07
Modified by Polido, Rubyann Robelle on 01.24.17
Comments & Corrections
Back to Search
cfm script by ,  ,  php script by , 2/5/2008 ,  last modified by sortiz, 08/24/17