Ecology of Littoraria angulifera
Main Ref. Merkt, R.E. and A.M. Ellison, 1998
Remarks Occurs exclusively in mangrove swamps of the Atlantic and the Caribbean Seas. It is an ovoviviparous species with planktotrophic larval stage (8-10 weeks) and the adult snails inhabiting the supralittoral zone on trunks, roots, stems and leaves of mangrove trees, usually Rhizophora mangle, Laguncularia racemosa and Avicennia spp. Feeds on epiphytic algae and marine fungi.

Aquatic zones / Water bodies

Marine - Neritic Marine - Oceanic Brackishwater Freshwater
Marine zones / Brackish and freshwater bodies
  • supra-littoral zone
  • littoral zone
  • sublittoral zone
  • epipelagic
  • mesopelagic
  • epipelagic
  • abyssopelagic
  • hadopelagic
  • estuaries/lagoons/brackish seas
  • mangroves
  • marshes/swamps
  • rivers/streams
  • lakes/ponds
  • caves
  • exclusively in caves
Highighted items on the list are where Littoraria angulifera may be found.


Substrate Benthic: mobile; Soft Bottom: sand; Hard Bottom: rocky;
Substrate Ref. Merkt, R.E. and A.M. Ellison, 1998
Special habitats Beds: sea grass; Coral Reefs; vegetation ( leaves, stems/trunk, roots/holdfast, driftwood );
Special habitats Ref. Merkt, R.E. and A.M. Ellison, 1998


Associated with
Association remarks


Feeding type mainly plants/detritus (troph. 2-2.19)
Feeding type Ref. Merkt, R.E. and A.M. Ellison, 1998
Feeding habit grazing on aquatic plants
Feeding habit Ref. Merkt, R.E. and A.M. Ellison, 1998

Trophic Level(s)

Estimation method original sample unfished population Remark
Troph s.e. Troph s.e.
From diet composition
From individual food items 2.00 0.00 Trophic level and s.e. inferred from exclusive plant/detritus food items.
(e.g. 9948)
(e.g. cnidaria)
Entered by Palomares, Maria Lourdes D. on 05.13.10
Modified by Polido, Rubyann Robelle on 07.18.16
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