Gastropoda | Trochida
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Benthic; depth range 0 - 30 m (Ref. 356). Subtropical, preferred 19°C (Ref. 107945); 43°N - 21°N, 112°E - 146°E
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 11.2 cm SHL male/unsexed; (Ref. 81863)
Maximum length of its synonym Batillus cornutus from Ref. 81863. Found in intertidal to 40 m, on rocks (Ref. 75835). Sublittoral macroalgal grazer. Exhibits diurnal rhythm, feeds more actively at night (Ref. 114778).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the order Patellogastropoda are mostly gonochoric and broadcast spawners. Life cycle: Embryos develop into planktonic trocophore larvae and later into juvenile veligers before becoming fully grown adults.
SAUP Database. 2006. (Ref. 356)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
FAO - Aquaculture: production; Fisheries: landings, species profile | FishSource | Sea Around Us
Estimates based on models
): 16.6 - 22.6, mean 20.1 (based on 138 cells).
Low vulnerability (10 of 100).
Very high vulnerability (77 of 100).
Nutrients: Calcium = 126 [75, 177] mg/100g; Iron = 4.79 [1.67, 7.92] mg/100g; Protein = 15.9 [14.8, 16.9] %; Omega3 = 0.331 [0.263, 0.400] g/100g; Selenium = 57.8 [48.5, 67.2] μg/100g; VitaminA = 0 μg/100g; Zinc = 1.97 [0.92, 3.02] mg/100g (wet weight).