Bivalvia | Cardiida
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Benthic; depth range 0 - 110 m (Ref. 3446). Temperate; 82°N - 41°N, 130°E - 60°E
Arctic, Northern Pacific and Northern Atlantic: Polar to temperate.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 11.0 cm SHL male/unsexed; (Ref. 95344)
Minimum depth from Ref. 95344. Suspension feeder (Ref. 66387).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Bivalvia are mostly gonochoric, some are protandric hermaphrodites. Life cycle: Embryos develop into free-swimming trocophore larvae, succeeded by the bivalve veliger, resembling a miniature clam.
Rosenberg, G. 2005. (Ref. 3446)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates based on models
Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (K=0.13).
): 0.7 - 9.3, mean 4.8 (based on 98 cells).
High vulnerability (65 of 100).