Cephalopoda | Sepiida
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Benthic; depth range 10 - 100 m (Ref. 1695), usually 30 - 40 m (Ref. 346). Tropical; 27°N - 10°S, 79°E - 125°E (Ref. 1695)
Indo-West Pacific: Southern India to Andaman Sea, Gulf of Tonkin, Java, Sulu and Celebes seas.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 11.0 cm ML male/unsexed; (Ref. 1695)
Common length: 4.0 to 7.0 cm (Ref. 275). Common mantle ranges between 4 and 7 cm (Ref. 3722). Usually caught using otter trawl, some using pair trawl, small catches using squid light-lures, traps and push nets. Bottom otter and pair trawls are used offshore while push nets and lift nets are used in coastal waters and inshore (Ref. 346). Occurs at shallow coastal waters down to depths of 30 m (Ref. 275).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Cephalopoda are gonochoric. Male and female adults usually die shortly after spawning and brooding, respectively. Mating behavior: Males perform various displays to attract potential females for copulation. During copulation, male grasp the female and inserts the hectocotylus into the female's mantle cavity where fertilization usually occurs. Life cycle: Embryos hatch into planktonic stage and live for some time before they grow larger and take up a benthic existence as adults.
Roper, C.F.E., M.J. Sweeney and C.E. Nauen. 1984. (Ref. 275)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates based on models
): 24.1 - 28.8, mean 28.1 (based on 164 cells).
Low vulnerability (10 of 100).