Bivalvia | Cardiida
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Benthic; depth range 0 - 11 m (Ref. 87801). Subtropical, preferred 12°C (Ref. 107945); 14°S - 48°S, 77°W - 71°W
Southeast Pacific: from Bay of Independencia, Peru south to Golfo de Penas, Chile.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
It is an infaunal species found in tide pools, sandy, clay and gravel substrates from the intertidal areas to a depth of 11 meters (Ref. 87801).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Bivalvia are mostly gonochoric, some are protandric hermaphrodites. Life cycle: Embryos develop into free-swimming trocophore larvae, succeeded by the bivalve veliger, resembling a miniature clam.
SAUP Database. 2006. (Ref. 356)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
FAO - Fisheries: landings | FishSource | Sea Around Us
Estimates based on models
Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.3).
High vulnerability (60 of 100).
Nutrients: Calcium = 149 [71, 228] mg/100g; Iron = 8.53 [1.95, 15.11] mg/100g; Protein = 9.88 [8.64, 11.12] %; Omega3 = 0.313 [0.202, 0.423] g/100g; Selenium = 61 [50, 72] μg/100g; VitaminA = 0 μg/100g; Zinc = 2.04 [0.56, 3.51] mg/100g (wet weight).