Malacostraca | Decapoda
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Benthic; depth range 50 - 360 m (Ref. 4). Subtropical, preferred 18°C (Ref. 107945); 24°S - 36°S, 17°E - 48°E (Ref. 4)
Western Indian Ocean and Southeast Atlantic: South Africa and Madagascar.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 16.0 cm BL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4); 31 cm BL (female)
Carapace length: 3 to 13 cm, carapace length; common carapace length: 6 to 10 cm (Ref. 4). Minimum depth from Ref. 106916. Found in deep shelf waters from depth of 50 to 200 m (Ref. 106916). Inhabits rocky areas and shelters in the crevices of the rocks (Ref. 4). In general, palinurids are mainly considered carnivores, usually feeding upon sluggish, easily captured animals where most material is eaten alive or freshly killed (Ref. 105260).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the order Decapoda are mostly gonochoric. Mating behavior: Precopulatory courtship ritual is common (through olfactory and tactile cues); usually indirect sperm transfer.
Holthuis, L.B. 1991. (Ref. 4)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
FAO - Fisheries: landings | FishSource | Sea Around Us
Estimates based on models
): 11.1 - 20.7, mean 15.7 (based on 37 cells).
Low vulnerability (10 of 100).
Moderate vulnerability (41 of 100).
Nutrients: Calcium = 109 [35, 184] mg/100g; Iron = 1.59 [1.21, 1.97] mg/100g; Protein = 20.2 [19.2, 21.3] %; Omega3 = 0.285 [0.185, 0.386] g/100g; Selenium = 48.3 [-31.7, 128.3] μg/100g; VitaminA = 0 μg/100g; Zinc = 1.79 [1.17, 2.40] mg/100g (wet weight).