Malacostraca | Decapoda
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Benthic; brackish; depth range 0 - 30 m (Ref. 104052). Subtropical; 69°N - 28°S, 32°W - 42°E
Eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean and Black Sea: from Azores to Norway, south to Namibia and east to Turkey. Introduced in the Baltic, Aral and Caspian Seas.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 6.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 804)
Maximum depth from Ref. 113561. Tolerates a broad range of salinity - from 5 to 45 PSU (Ref. 115278). From hypersaline lagoons, Zostera, Posidonia and Cymodocea spp. sea grass meadows to partly brackish estuaries (Ref. 122771). Coastal species (Ref. 113561). Intertidal in rocky and muddy bottoms (Ref. 122838). Found in shallow waters, with rocks covered by various types of macroalgae or sandy beds of Zostera marina (Ref. 804). Littoral, populates brown algae belts (Ref. 115278). Omnivorous (Ref. 96308). Feeds on macroalgae, detritus and invertebrates (Ref. 95829).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the order Decapoda are mostly gonochoric. Mating behavior: Precopulatory courtship ritual is common (through olfactory and tactile cues); usually indirect sperm transfer.
Grabowski, M. 2006. (Ref. 2756)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates based on models
): 9.1 - 27.7, mean 18.6 (based on 1363 cells).
Low vulnerability (10 of 100).