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Littorina littorea   (Linnaeus, 1758)

Common periwinkle

Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Littorina littorea  AquaMaps  Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Littorina littorea (Common periwinkle)
Littorina littorea
Picture by FAO

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Gastropoda | Littorinimorpha | Littorinidae

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Benthic; brackish; depth range 0 - 60 m (Ref. 83435).  Temperate, preferred 11°C (Ref. 107945); 81°N - 22°N, 55°W - 58°E (Ref. 83435)

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Northeast Atlantic: from west Greenland to Kandalaksha Bay, White Sea, down to Portugal. Said to occur in the Mediterranean during the Pleistocene with records up to the Persian Gulf. Distribution in Iceland possibly true due to its occurrence up to west Greenland. Temperate to polar.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?, range 1 - 1.4 cm Max length : 4.2 cm DL male/unsexed; (Ref. 83435); max. reported age: 5 years (Ref. 2823)

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Broadcast spawner.

Main reference References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Healy, B. 1997. (Ref. 2779)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)


CITES status (Ref. 108899)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

Human uses

Fisheries: commercial
FAO - Fisheries: landings | FishSource | Sea Around Us

Tools

Internet sources

BHL | BOLD Systems | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(Fisheries: ; publication : search) | Fishipedia | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Gomexsi | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | PubMed | Tree of Life | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 11.6 - 15.4, mean 12.4 (based on 72 cells).
Price category (Ref. 80766): Medium.
Nutrients: Calcium = 126 [75, 177] mg/100g; Iron = 4.79 [1.67, 7.92] mg/100g; Protein = 15.9 [14.8, 16.9] %; Omega3 = 0.331 [0.263, 0.400] g/100g; Selenium = 57.8 [48.5, 67.2] μg/100g; VitaminA = 0 μg/100g; Zinc = 1.97 [0.92, 3.02] mg/100g (wet weight).