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Littoraria angulifera   (Lamarck, 1822)

Mangrove periwinkle

Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Littoraria angulifera  AquaMaps  Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Littoraria angulifera (Mangrove periwinkle)
Littoraria angulifera
Picture by Coltro, Marcus

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Gastropoda | Littorinimorpha | Littorinidae

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Benthic; brackish; depth range 0 - 1 m (Ref. 83435).  Tropical; 32°N - 27°N, 97°E - 0°E (Ref. 83435)

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Western Central Pacific and Atlantic Ocean.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 4.1 cm ShL male/unsexed; (Ref. 83435)

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

This amphi-Atlantic species is geographically isolated from its Indo-Pacific congeners, but like them, this species exhibits a wide variation in shell shape and structure as well as color which is attributed to effects of changes in its habitat (notably water temperature and currents) and possible stress from desiccation (Ref. 84131). Occurs exclusively in mangrove swamps of the Atlantic and the Caribbean Seas. It is an ovoviviparous species with planktotrophic larval stage (8-10 weeks) and the adult snails inhabiting the supralittoral zone on trunks, roots, stems and leaves of mangrove trees, usually Rhizophora mangle, Laguncularia racemosa and Avicennia spp. Feeds on epiphytic algae and marine fungi (Ref. 84131).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

The species displays poecilogonony as its reproductive strategy.

Main reference References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Bisby, F.A., M.A. Ruggiero, K.L. Wilson, M. Cachuela-Palacio, S.W. Kimani, Y.R. Roskov, A. Soulier-Perkins and J. van Hertum. 2005. (Ref. 19)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)

  Least Concern (LC) ; Date assessed: 23 September 2019

CITES status (Ref. 108899)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

Human uses

| FishSource |


More information

Common names
Egg development
Mass conversion

Internet sources

BHL | BOLD Systems | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(Publication : search) | Fishipedia | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Gomexsi | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | PubMed | Tree of Life | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 23.3 - 26.1, mean 24.1 (based on 92 cells).
Price category (Ref. 80766): Unknown.