Bivalvia | Cardiida
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Benthic; depth range 0 - 25 m (Ref. 2758). Temperate; 61°N - 12°N, 18°W - 44°E (Ref. 78075)
Eastern Atlantic, the Mediterranean, Black Sea and Red Sea.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 1.8  range ? - ? cm Max length : 4.4 cm SHL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2758); common length : 2.0 cm SHL male/unsexed; (Ref. 437)
Depth based on occurrence (Ref. 2758, p. 805); to be replaced with better reference. Minimum depth from Ref. 80266. Vital constituent of infra-littoral benthic fauna of sandy beaches. Preferrentially distributed at depths of 0 to 2 m. (Ref. 122884). Subtidal (Ref. 437), living in fine well sorted clean sand (Ref. 2780). Also found in estuaries (Ref. 122883). An exclusive species of the Superficial Fine Sand (SFS) biocoenosis as it's strictly dependent on the sediment’s nature and composition. Rapid and efficient burrower (Ref. 122884).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Fischer, W., G. Bianchi and W.B. Scott (eds.). 1981. (Ref. 437)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates based on models
High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (K=0.3-1.93).
): 12.4 - 21.6, mean 19 (based on 746 cells).
Low vulnerability (20 of 100).