Bivalvia | Cardiida
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Southeast Atlantic: Namibia and South Africa.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cmmax. reported age: 5 years (Ref. 8702)
Largest-sized Donacid (Ref. 80584).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Bivalvia are mostly gonochoric, some are protandric hermaphrodites. Life cycle: Embryos develop into free-swimming trocophore larvae, succeeded by the bivalve veliger, resembling a miniature clam.
MarineSpecies.org. 2050. (Ref. 3477)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of potential interest; bait: usually
| FishSource |
Estimates based on models
High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (K=0.27-0.43; tmax=5).