Bivalvia | Venerida
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Benthic; depth range 5 - 25 m (Ref. 2758). Subtropical, preferred 12°C (Ref. 107945); 72°N - 27°N, 19°W - 42°E
Eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 1 - ? cm Max length : 5.0 cm SHL male/unsexed; (Ref. 78075)
Depth based on occurrence (Ref. 2758, p. 805); to be replaced with better reference. Minimum depth from Ref. 2703. Infaunal, occurs in the infralittoral zone. Found on sand, sandy-mud or mud. Prefers well-sorted fine sand (Ref. 82278). An active suspension feeder (Ref. 96376).
Members of the class Bivalvia are mostly gonochoric, some are protandric hermaphrodites. Life cycle: Embryos develop into free-swimming trocophore larvae, succeeded by the bivalve veliger, resembling a miniature clam.
Gaspar, M.B., M.N. Santos and P. Vasconcelos. 2001. (Ref. 2758)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
FAO - Aquaculture: production; Fisheries: landings, species profile | FishSource | Sea Around Us
Estimates based on models
High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (K=0.43; tm=2).
): 8.4 - 18.9, mean 11.6 (based on 608 cells).
Prior r = 0.50, 95% CL = 0.32 - 0.76, Based on 3 stock assessments.
Low vulnerability (10 of 100).
High vulnerability (60 of 100).
Nutrients: Calcium = 149 [71, 228] mg/100g; Iron = 8.53 [1.95, 15.11] mg/100g; Protein = 9.88 [8.64, 11.12] %; Omega3 = 0.313 [0.202, 0.423] g/100g; Selenium = 61 [50, 72] μg/100g; VitaminA = 0 μg/100g; Zinc = 2.04 [0.56, 3.51] mg/100g (wet weight).