Bivalvia | Nuculanida
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Benthic; depth range 36 - 380 m (Ref. 7659). Subtropical; 24°S - 77°S, 175°W - 175°E
Eastern Pacific, Southwest Atlantic and the Antarctic. Subtropical to polar.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 3.0 cm SHL male/unsexed; (Ref. 7659)
Also in Ref. 83435 (Ref. 2590).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Bivalvia are mostly gonochoric, some are protandric hermaphrodites. Life cycle: Embryos develop into free-swimming trocophore larvae, succeeded by the bivalve veliger, resembling a miniature clam.
SAUP Database. 2006. (Ref. 356)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates based on models
Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (K=0.06).
): 1.3 - 9.3, mean 6 (based on 298 cells).
High vulnerability (60 of 100).